Reconstruction
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 7

Reconstruction PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 66 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Reconstruction. Summary Chapter 12. Different Views of Reconstruction. Lincoln Illegal for South to secede, therefore an insurrection President responsible for restoring Union quickly Gradual and peaceful Congress South had forfeited statehood and should be treated as territories

Download Presentation

Reconstruction

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Reconstruction

Reconstruction

Summary

Chapter 12


Different views of reconstruction

Different Views of Reconstruction

  • Lincoln

    • Illegal for South to secede, therefore an insurrection

    • President responsible for restoring Union quickly

    • Gradual and peaceful

  • Congress

    • South had forfeited statehood and should be treated as territories

    • Charles Sumner – leader of “Radical Republicans” in Congress to called for strict readmission

    • Ensure protection for former slaves


Presidential reconstruction lincoln

Presidential ReconstructionLincoln

  • 10% Plan – had to swear allegiance

  • Generous and forgiving

  • Johnson (VP) and a southerner favored white Southerners and wanted to keep whites in power and blacks out of office

  • Black Codes

  • All states came back into Union without Congressional approval (not in session)


Congressional reconstruction radical

Congressional ReconstructionRadical

  • 14th Amendment passed

  • Many ignored it (encouraged by Johnson)

  • North angry and Republicans gained control of Congress

  • South MUST pass 14th amendment

  • Blacks MUST be granted right to vote (suffrage)

  • No Confederate officials could hold office

  • Freedman’s Bureau – to help former slaves

  • South divided into military districts


Problems

Problems

  • Johnson stood in the way of legislation

  • Impeached by Congress; missed by 1 vote

  • 1868 – Grant elected – very popular

  • 700,000 blacks voted for the first time

  • Bitter feelings & resentment after war

    • Carpetbaggers – Northerners who went to the south to do business; often took advantage

    • Scalawags – Southerners who supported Reconstruction; faced hardships from Southerners


Problems1

Problems

  • Ku Klux Klan (KKK) formed to intimidate blacks and prevent them from voting

  • Martial law declared but small number of troops in the south unable to stop violence

  • Corruption in Grant’s administration; appointed bad leaders

  • Freedman’s Bureau lacks funding, Congressmen are retiring, people tire of troops in South, business leaders wanted to invest in a stable south


Reconstruction ends

Reconstruction Ends

  • Election of 1876 – elected despite fewer votes than Tilden

  • Compromise of 1877 – Democrats let Hayes become President if Republicans end Reconstruction in the south.

  • South returns to the hands of white southerners

    • Jim Crow Laws – separate facilities, poll tax, literacy tests

  • Civil rights take a big step backwards


  • Login