Micro organisms
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Micro-organisms. Kingfishers Autumn 1 2013. Why does the tongue have so much bacteria on it?. There is lots of old bacteria at the back of the mouth. Can you get a soap version of disclosing tablets to show the bacteria on your hands?. Introduction. What do we know about micro organisms?

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Micro-organisms

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Micro organisms

Micro-organisms

  • Kingfishers Autumn 1 2013


Introduction

Why does the tongue have so much bacteria on it?

There is lots of old bacteria at the back of the mouth

Can you get a soap version of disclosing tablets to show the bacteria on your hands?

Introduction

  • What do we know about micro organisms?

  • How do we know if something is living or dead?

  • What will disclosing tablets reveal about the micro-organisms in our mouths?


Our questions and ideas

Our questions and ideas

  • We looked at a range of objects including a cut flower, a toothbrush, a mouldy piece of bread, a plant and some fruit. We tried to describe if they were living or dead and how we knew


Micro organisms

The plant is alive because it’s green.

It’s living because it can die.

It’s dead because it’s been picked

It’s dead because it can’t do anything

It’s dead because it doesn’t do anything useful

The picked flower is dead because it’s getting no life from the plant

Mouldy bread is alive because it has bacteria on it and bacteria are living things.

The toothbrush is neither dead nor alive because it was never alive. To die, something must first live.

The picked flower is living because it is dying and isn’t dead yet.

The picked flower is dead because it has no stuff for it to grow with


Our questions and ideas1

Our questions and ideas

  • We watched a film to spark our questions and ideas


Micro organisms

How does mould form?

How does mould grow?

If mould is alive, why does it not move?

How does mould get on to the bread?

How is blue cheese a micro-organism?

Is mould formed by living life forms or is it a life form in itself?

How does mould form in liquid??

How many places can mould form?

How did this (food getting mouldy) happen? Can it be beaten?

How long does something take to turn to mould? How quickly does it spread?

Why do bacteria like rotting food so much?

How many different foods does bacteria grow on?

Can mould grow on or in a human body?

What did that green gloopy puddle have to do with microorganisms?

Why do bread, cakes and cheese get the most mouldy?

What was yoghurt doing in a film about microorganisms?

Why was a man (surgeon) putting yellow stuff on his arm?

What did injecting yourself have to do with germs?

How many types of mould are there?

How many shapes does bacteria come in?


Our questions and ideas2

Our questions and ideas

  • We were challenged to find 3 fascinating facts about micro organisms that we could persuade the class to explore further

  • We used iPads to do some speedy research then presented our facts to the class and put it to the vote


Micro organisms

  • Kingfishers’ Fascinating Microorganism Facts to Explore Further

  • 6th September 2013

  • Bacteria feeds on leaves and breaks them down into nutrients. They are a vital part of our eco system.

  • Some micro-organisms are single celled, some are microscopic and some are visible to the naked human eye

  • Viruses cause diseases like measles, chicken pox, sore throats and conjunctivitis

  • Most bacteria in your nose are good for you.

  • Most micro-organisms are not harmful. Some are even helpful.

  • Micro-organisms can grow in hot springs over 90 degrees Celsius

  • Yeast is a fungus.

  • Micro-organisms are generally classified as living things

  • Yoghurt is made of microorganisms

  • Micro-organisms are used to make some food including chocolate

  • Things feed on other things to make bacteria

  • Fungi digest the grass eaten by cows

  • There are 2-3 billion microorganisms but only 5% are have been found

  • Fungi are used to make medicine

  • Bacteria helps us digest food

  • Microorganisms can spread just by a person coughing

  • There are about Microorganism can spread just by a person coughing

  • There are about 159,00 species of microorganisms, including viruses, bacteria, protozoa and fungi

  • Bacteria help us digest food

  • Micro-organisms affect the global climate

  • Micro-organisms were around 3.5 billion years ago

  • species of microorganisms, including viruses, bacteria, protozoa and fungi

  • Bacteria help us digest food

  • Micro-organisms affect the global climate

  • Micro-organisms were around 3.5 billion years ago


Yeast investigation

Yeast Investigation

We carried out an investigation to see which temperature yeast prefers

We gave it sugar to feed on and put it in cold, warm or hot water in a bottle with a balloon on top. As it feeds, it produces gas which blows up the balloon. The faster and bigger the balloon inflated, the more the yeast was thriving in its conditions.


Micro organisms

Cold water

Warm water

Hot water


Micro organisms

The yeast produced the most gas in the shortest time in the warm water

Therefore we concluded yeast prefers warm conditions.

This suggests yeast is living because it is sensitive to its environment

MRS NERG


Banana observation

Banana Observation

We observed bananas left for two weeks - some had yeast on them, others didn't.

The bananas with yeast on decomposed more quickly, turning to liquid by the end of the two weeks.

This shows how micro-organisms help to break down waste

It suggests that micro-organisms are living because the yeast was feeding on the banana

MRS NERG


Micro organisms

No yeast after 2 weeks

With yeast after 2 weeks


Micro organism hunt

Micro-Organism Hunt

We searched the school for micro-organisms at work. We took photos on the iPads and created mind maps of the useful and harmful micro-organisms all around us.


Sterile hands

Sterile Hands?

We washed our hands very carefully, following instructions from paramedic Mr Eves (Katie's dad)

Then we scrubbed our hands following instructions for surgeons. Surgeons have to be much more thorough and it took AGES!

We considered the arguments for and against using anti-bacterial soap in the home and found scientific evidence to support both arguments before coming to our own conclusions.

Surgeons have to use anti-microbial soap to make sure their hands are sterile before operating. These soaps are now available for use in the home but do we need to have sterile hands at home? Are these soaps good for us?


Glo germ gel

Glo-germ Gel

We used a special gel,which showed, under UV light, where the bacteria collects on our hands.


The immune system

The Immune System

We played an information-trading game where we learned about different aspects of our immune system from info cards and explained what we had learned to other groups.

We read 'The Death of Smallpox' and learned about Edward Jenner and the first vaccinations.

We used the badger learning app to complete a quiz on the immune system set by our teacher.

Then we made our own quizzes or fact files on the immune system and vaccination.


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