Lead in drinking water epa s lead and copper rule
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Lead in Drinking Water EPA’s Lead and Copper Rule PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Lead in Drinking Water EPA’s Lead and Copper Rule. District of Columbia Council of Governments Board of Directors Meeting April 14, 2004. Rick Rogers, Chief Drinking Water Branch U. S. EPA Region 3. Focus of the Lead & Copper Rule. Protect public health through corrosion control treatment

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Lead in Drinking Water EPA’s Lead and Copper Rule

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Lead in drinking water epa s lead and copper rule

Lead in Drinking WaterEPA’s Lead and Copper Rule

District of Columbia

Council of Governments

Board of Directors Meeting

April 14, 2004

Rick Rogers, Chief

Drinking Water Branch

U. S. EPA Region 3


Focus of the lead copper rule

Focus of the Lead & Copper Rule

  • Protect public health through corrosion control treatment

  • Reduce lead health risks in the community through drinking water exposure


How does lead get to the glass

How does lead get to the glass?

  • Dissolved Fraction:

    • Direct leaching from fresh metal surface

    • Dissolution of mineral scale

  • Particulate Fraction:

    • Suspension of mineral scale particles

    • Suspension of lead particles from solder or pipe wall

      • worsened by partial replacement of lead service lines


How does corrosion treatment work

How Does Corrosion Treatment Work?

  • Insulation mechanism

    • treatment lays down mineral scale

    • “insulates” pipe wall from water

  • Corrosivity mechanism

    • reduce water’s aggressiveness toward metal and mineral

      • pH and other water chemistry adjustments


Why no maximum contaminant level

Why no Maximum Contaminant Level?

  • Old MCL was 50 ppb leaving plant

  • Sources of lead are in customer plumbing

  • Water utility authority ends before in-house plumbing begins

  • Lead-bearing components widespread

  • Use treatment technique to lower contaminant level


Epa regulates lead in drinking water under the lead and copper rule

EPA regulates Lead in drinking water under the Lead and Copper Rule

  • Should be called: Corrosion Control Rule

  • Water suppliers must:

    • optimize treatment to control corrosion in customers’ plumbing

      • treatment effectiveness is measured by lead and copper tap samples

    • monitor tap water levels of Lead at “worst case” homes

    • achieve Lead Action Level of 15 ppb


Epa s lead action level

EPA’s lead action level

  • Maximum Contaminant Level Goal = 0

  • Action level - treatment technique trigger level

    • not an enforceable single sample value

    • 15 ppb at the 90th percentile value

      • no more than 10% of samples may exceed Action Level

      • determined with 100 samples/six months

      • reduced monitoring = 50 samples/year or 50 samples/3years


Sample site sample collection

Sample site/sample collection

  • Sample sites are private homes

  • Homeowners collect the samples

  • Sites must have sources of lead

    • lead service lines or lead solder

  • Sentinel homes used to monitor corrosion control treatment effectiveness


If action level 15 ppb is exceeded water system must

If Action Level (15 ppb) is exceeded, water system must:

  • Optimize corrosion control treatment

  • Educate customers about health effects of lead, occurrence in drinking water, actions to reduce exposure

  • Intensify tap water monitoring

  • Initiate Lead Service Line Replacement Program (replace at least 7%/year)

    • (if corrosion control has already been optimized)


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