Microbial Genetics. Chapter 8. Structure and Function of Genetic Material. DNA & RNA DNA deoxyribonucleic acid RNA ribonucleic acid Nucleotides Phosphate group Pentose sugar Nitrogenous base. Structure of DNA. Double stranded (double helix) polymers of nucleotides
E. coli DNA
1ft. 1,360 ft.
One bacterium passes some DNA (in a plasmid) to another bacterium