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Ethiopia. By: Amanda Johnson. Ras Dejen. Danakil Depression. Lake Abaya. No mountains, only hills. The field of Obelisks. Church of St. Mary of Zion.

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Ethiopia

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Ethiopia

By: Amanda Johnson


RasDejen

Danakil Depression

Lake Abaya

No mountains, only hills


The field of Obelisks

Church of St. Mary of Zion

The Ark of the Covenant was in this church built by King Fasilidas. The Arc remained in this church, called Maryam Tsion Cathedral, until1965 when Haile Selassie had it transferred to a more secure chapel, the so-called treasury, ten meters away from the northeast corner of the old church.

These obelisks are known to be the tallest single pieces of stone ever quarried and standing in the ancient world. Their age and use is a complete mystery. Some scholars suggest that they may have been carved and erected around the beginning of the 4th century AD.


Rock-cut church of Bet Giorgi

Bet Giorgis is dedicated to St. George, the patron saint of Ethiopia. The church is a nearly perfect cube, hewn in the shape of a cross, and is oriented so that the main entrance is in the west and the holy of holies in the east. The church is set in a deep pit with perpendicular walls .It can only be entered via a hidden tunnel carved in the stone.


Recreation

  • Track

  • Mountian Climbing


Ethiopia’s Flag

Meaning: The green represents hope and the fertility of the land, yellow symbolizes justice and harmony, and red stands for sacrifice and heroism in the defense of the land; the blue of the disk symbolizes peace and the pentagram represents the unity and equality of the nationalities and peoples of Ethiopia


Setting and Location

Ethiopia is in Eastern Africa, west of Somalia. Ethiopia borders Djibouti, Eritrea, Kenya, Somalia, and Sudan. Ethiopia’s setting is a high plateau with central mountain range divided by Great Rift Valley


Climate

Transportation

Ethiopia has an extremely varied climate from cool to tropical monsoon, to very cold in the highlands where most of the population inhabits, to one of the hottest places on earth at the Dallol Depression.

Bajajs, Buses, cars, and airplanes


National Museum

Located in Addis Ababa this museum houses a general collection of regional archaeology, history, and art. A former palace, Addis Alem Museum used to be the home of Emperor Menelik II..

THE MUSEUM OF ADDIS ALEM MARIAM

This specialised church run museum has in its collection various religious robes, emblems etc of previous kings and officials, brana ( parchment written) manuscripts, crosses, pictures, books, letters, coins , firearms and various household and personal items of historical value donated by prominent personalities.


Languages

Official language: Amarigna(Amharic)32.7%

Oromigna (official regional) 31.6%

Tigrigna (official regional) 6.1%

Food

Wat- an Ethiopian stew or curry which may be prepared with chicken, beef, lamb, a variety of vegetables, and spice mixtures.

Injera- a yeast-risen flatbread with a unique, slightly spongy texture.. It is a national dish in Ethiopia and Eritrea.


Additional info

  • Ethiopia is one of the few African countries never to lose its independence.

  • Ethiopia is the cradle of an ancient civilization that adopted Christianity in the 4th century.

  • Ethiopia is the 13th poorest nation on Earth


Natural Hazards

Life expectancy

  • Severe Drought

  • Earthquakes

  • Total Population: 56.19 years


Major Religion

Largest Ethnic Group

Oromo 34.5%,

Amara 26.9%,

Somalie6.2%,

Tigraway6.1%

  • Orthodox 43.5%

  • Muslim 33.9%

  • Protestant 18.6%

  • Catholic 0.7%

  • other 0.7%


Top 3 Imports and Exports

Top 3 Imports

  • food and live animals

  • petroleum and petroleum products

  • chemicals

Top 3 exports

  • Coffee

  • Gold

  • leather products


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