Message ministry and or teaching of jesus
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 22

Message/Ministry and/or Teaching of Jesus PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 64 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Message/Ministry and/or Teaching of Jesus. Introduction to Jesus. Please read the course disclaimer Consider it carefully. Sources for the Life and Teaching of Jesus. The four canonical gospels 3 Synoptics Fourth Gospel References in Acts and letters Josephus Roman historians

Download Presentation

Message/Ministry and/or Teaching of Jesus

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Message ministry and or teaching of jesus

Message/Ministry and/or Teaching of Jesus

Teaching of Jesus - 00


Introduction to jesus

Introduction to Jesus

  • Please read the course disclaimer

  • Consider it carefully

Teaching of Jesus - 00


Sources for the life and teaching of jesus

Sources for the Life and Teaching of Jesus

  • The four canonical gospels

    • 3 Synoptics

    • Fourth Gospel

    • References in Acts and letters

  • Josephus

  • Roman historians

  • Rabbinic materials

  • Non-canonical gospels

Teaching of Jesus - 00


What are the gospels the gospel genre

What are the gospels? The gospel genre

  • Memoirs (apomnëmoneumata)

  • Acts (praxeis)

  • Lives (bioi)

  • Foundation Narrative

    • Euaggelia

    • Foundational events of the Christian faith

    • Kerygmatic perspective

    • A term coined by Mark for written form

Teaching of Jesus - 00


What are the gospels four gospels

What are the gospels? Four gospels

  • Three gospels, not one gospel

  • The rejection of the harmonistic approach

  • The reason for the gospels

    • The need of the Christian communities

    • The need to proclaim the gospel

Teaching of Jesus - 00


What are the synoptic gospels how gospels arose

What are the synoptic gospels? How gospels arose

  • The rise of the gospels (AD 50-80)

  • The data

    • Similarities in order between Mark, Matthew and Luke

    • Close verbal similarities between Mark and parts of Matthew and Luke

    • Less close verbal similarities between teaching sections in Matthew and Luke

    • Material in Matthew and Luke with no parallel in any other gospel

Teaching of Jesus - 00


What are the synoptic gospels

What are the synoptic gospels?

  • What Jesus said and did was remembered and retold

  • A collection of teaching was put together (= Q)

  • A bit later Mark was written collecting mostly narrative

  • Finally Matthew and Luke combined Mark and Q and their own traditions

Teaching of Jesus - 00


Alternative hypothesis

Alternative Hypothesis

  • What Jesus said and did was remembered and retold

  • The telling became standardized into the basic story plus the teaching

  • The basic story was written as Mark

  • The story (expanded) plus the teaching was written as Matthew and Luke

Teaching of Jesus - 00


The role of jesus for the early church

The role of Jesus for the early church

  • Jesus as foundation story

  • Jesus as interpreter of Jewish tradition

  • Jesus as model of Christian life

    • The teaching of Jesus

    • The life-style of Jesus

  • Jesus as model of Christian ministry

    • Jesus' teaching on ministry

    • Jesus' example of ministry

Teaching of Jesus - 00


The virgin birth

The Virgin Birth

  • Redactionally this truth is variously expressed

Teaching of Jesus - 00


Luke expresses it precisely

Luke expresses it precisely

  • Dialogue between Mary and the angel (1:34-38)

  • Mary protests that she has not had sexual intercourse

  • The angels responds: God can work the impossible

  • Luke's account revolves around God's visiting his people and reversing their fortunes

Teaching of Jesus - 00


Matthew is more indirect

Matthew is more indirect

  • He explores the legal nuances of the event

  • Mary is discovered to be pregnant before the wedding night

  • This required a divorce

    • Deut 22, especially 22:23ff was likely not enforced

    • m. Gittin divorce; m. Sotah the adulteress

    • A divorce required two witnesses

      • Not to divorce his "wife" would be to cover sin and thus partake in it, and Joseph was a "righteous" man

Teaching of Jesus - 00


Matthew s indirect story

Matthew’s indirect story

  • Only a direct command of God prevents Joseph from acting

  • The virginity of Mary is further stressed by the remark in 1:25

  • Matthew's account revolves around the "fulfillment" of Isa 7:14

  • Matthew also concerns himself with the question of legitimacy and legality

Teaching of Jesus - 00


The matthean birth narrative

The Matthean birth narrative

  • There is no birth narrative as such in Matthew, but a series of incidents surrounding the birth of Jesus

    • The arrangement of the incidents may be linked to a chain of testamonia

    • Fact which ties all together is that Herod the Great is king

Teaching of Jesus - 00


The genealogy

The Genealogy

  • Matt 1:1 consciously formulated to imitate the formulae of Genesis

  • The genealogy is an edited form of 1 Chron 1-3 (LXX)

    • Four women are mentioned, preparing the way for Mary

    • Names are omitted

    • The last division has 13 names, either because Mary was counted or because a name was dropped in transmission

    • Matt 1:16 is carefully worded to protect both Davidic descent and the virgin birth

Teaching of Jesus - 00


The schematic form 14 x 3 may have a meaning

The schematic form (14 x 3) may have a meaning

  • Waxing and waning moon = rise and fall of Israel's fortunes (Fenton)

  • Gain, loss, regaining of royalty (Plummer, Allen)

  • David repeated 3 times (Hill)

  • The genealogy varies from the Lucan genealogy

    • One or both are creations of the evangelist for theological purposes

    • One is a descent via Mary and the other via Joseph

    • One is the royal line and the other Joseph's actual line

Teaching of Jesus - 00


Luke s theme the inclusion of the outcasts and the poor

Luke’s theme = the inclusion of the outcasts and the poor

  • The baby is born in poor circumstances

  • Hired shepherds were “Jews who had made themselves gentiles”

    • Only shepherds receive the visitation

    • The content of the visitation is peace

Teaching of Jesus - 00


In matthew the theme of the birth is the coming of the magi

In Matthew the theme of the birth is the coming of the Magi

  • Herodotus claims they were a Median clan which became a priestly class under the Persians

  • They are clearly pagans, for they refer to "the King of the Jews"

    • Point = pagans come from a distance to worship the baby Jesus

    • They come from the east

Teaching of Jesus - 00


The star

The Star

  • The presence of the star is often traced history-of-religions motifs

    • Num 24:17

    • Stories of astronomical phenomena in connection with the birth of pagan greats

    • Jewish new Moses theme

  • The nature of the star

    • The star is seen "at its rising" and then it apparently is not seen again until after the Magi leave Jerusalem

    • The nature of the star is unknown

Teaching of Jesus - 00


Responses to the birth matthew

Responses to the birth: Matthew

  • In Matthew the Jews respond with unbelief

    • Herod is troubled (Cf. 14:26)

    • The whole Sanhedrin is gathered

    • The quotation cited is from neither the MT or the LXX

  • In Matthew the response of the gentiles is worship

    • The meaning of the gifts

      • The giving of gifts = allegiance and submission

      • Were the gifts symbolic?

Teaching of Jesus - 00


The flight into egypt

The Flight into Egypt

  • Dream motif (Cf. 1:20; 2:12, 13, 22 and Cf. 2:19)

  • The flight itself does not use supernatural means

    • The verb anachoresin is used of Moses' flight in Exod 2:15 = new Exodus motif

  • Massacre of the Innocents

    • Reminds one of Egypt in Exod 1-2

    • Only 20 or 30 children would have been involved

    • Jer 31:15 + Gen 35:19

Teaching of Jesus - 00


The return to israel

The Return to Israel

  • Further use of the dream motif

  • Joseph withdraws from a place of unbelief to a place of safety with the gentiles (Galilee of the gentiles)

  • The scripture citation does not exist in the OT

Teaching of Jesus - 00


  • Login