From Umayyad to Abbasid Empires. ARAB. ISLAMIC. Rise of Abbasid Party. The party traced its descent from Muhammad’s uncle, al-Abbas. Al-Abbas’ great great grandson, Abu al-Abbas led his forces against the Umayyads. Shi’a were his allies.
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- didn’t have to pay head tax
- educational opportunities
- jobs as traders, administrators, judges
Growing intolerance and orthodoxy led to the belief that the vast Islamic world contained all requirements for civilized life, which caused Muslim people to grow less receptive to outside influence and innovations…led to isolation at a time when Christian rivals were in a period of experimentation and exploration.