Ecosystem Services Under REDD Initiatives – Potential in Kenya. Kingiri Senelwa & Balozi B. Kirongo. Alfred Gichu & Kepha Wamichwe. Agenda. Overview of the Forest Sector in Kenya Initiatives, Potential and Experiences Related to Ecosystem Services in Kenya
Kingiri Senelwa &
Balozi B. Kirongo
Alfred Gichu &
Overview of the Forest Sector in Kenya
Initiatives, Potential and Experiences Related to Ecosystem Services in Kenya
Some thoughts and the way forward
Land cover change analysis shows declining forest cover (1970’s-2000)
Kapchemutwa Forest Reserve (1970’s-2000)
Open canopy – degraded indigenous forests
Mt. Elgon Forest Reserve (1970’s-2000)
Failed Shamba-system; fragmented forest plantations
Mt. Elgon Forest Reserve (1970’s-2000)
Shamba-system areas not planted
Kaptagat Forest Reserve (1970’s-2000)
Shamba-system areas not planted with tree seedlings
Settlements in Nkareta area on the lower boundaries of the Maasai Mau forest block
Encroachments along the eastern boundary of Maasai Mau (“B – E" on Map 1)
Extensive encroachments on the south west corner of Ol Pusimoru ("F" on Map 1)
Forest corridor connecting the Maasai Mau/Ol Pusimoru block with the South West Mau/Transmara block.
Encroachments deep into Pusimoru ("F" on Map 1)South West Mau emanating from the 2001 excision ("G“ on Map 1)
Almost completely settled including the indigenous forest blocks.
Completely cleared and settled forest area in the Pusimoru ("F" on Map 1)south western part of Maasai Mau ("E" on Map 1)
Some Case Studies
Greenbelt Movement Reforestation Project Services in Kenya
Carbon pools selected
Above ground biomass.
Below ground biomass.
Project expected to sequester ≈ 400,000tco2e in the first 10 yrs (2017)
Sites eligible for CDM AR projects were selected based on remote sensing time series analysis.
Non-forest areas were detected on Landsat images from February 25th, 1987 and February 21st, 2000 to meet pre 1990 criterion.
The project will:
Reforest 2000ha of degraded land with indigenous tree species ONLY.
Use 20 year crediting period with the option of renewal twice (to a maximum of 60 yrs).
Communities have exclusive user rights for NTFP.
Located in Kakamega Forest, which represents the eastern-most edge of the Congolean forest belt that covered equatorial Africa
Almost 50% of the forest area lost since 1933 when the forest was gazetted
Numbers are estimated hectares of each site. Dark grey- current indigenous forest Light grey - original gazetted forest boundary.
Three broad goals of the project includes
Promote and/or maintain forest biodiversity;
Sequester carbon equal to mature forest; and
Enhance local communities in sustainable ways.
The project includes four components
Reforestation of native tree species to connect forest islands,;
Mechanisms to reduce forest use through on-farm tree planting and energy efficient stove production and dissemination;
Education and outreach; and
Strategies to provide sources of income based on sustainable use of forest biodiversity.
Project expected to reforest up to 500 hectares in the next 5 years with high diversity indigenous species to sequester ≈ 422,003 tco2e in the anticipated 40yrs of the project.
1000 seedlings/ha, thinned to 500-600 trees/ha within 5 yrs of growth.
Nursery and seedling production by CFA’s and communities
Start planting adjacent to natural forest to promote early use of sites by wildlife.
Western Kenya Integrated Ecosystems Management Program Services in Kenya
Western Kenya are lands west of the Mau with four main river basins
If you super-impose the population structure of the region on these picture, you get a very interesting scenario
Western Kenya's rich biodiversity has suffered due to of land degradation, deforestation and loss of vegetative.
WKIEM Project aim to improve productivity and sustainability of land use systems in Nzoia, Yala & Nyando watersheds by:
Supporting on and off farm conservation strategies; and
Improve the capacity of local communities and institutions to identify, formulate and implement integrated ecosystem management activities capturing local and global environmental benefits.
The objectives were to be community driven with communities deciding on resources for infrastructure investments, technical assistance & implementation of ecosystem management activities.
The benefits include:
Reduced land degradation;
Reduced greenhouse gas (GHG) accumulation in the atmosphere;
Improved on and off farm biodiversity; and
Decreased erosion in watersheds
This is a carbon Offset project designed to take advantage of the emerging Global Carbon markets covering REDD
Located in Rukinga, Kenya, the project is seeking to
Employ the voluntary Carbon Standards (VCS) to carry out its activities
Create jobs for communities that were destroying their magnificent wilderness for survival
A Joint Venture of Wildlife Works Inc. and Colin Wiel Enterprises established to pursue the use of emerging marketplace for REDD Carbon Offsets as a sustainable and scalable funding mechanism for biodiverse forest protection.
Project seeks to help communities, private individuals etc to monetize forest and biodiversity assets
The project has already restored huge piece of land to a healthy vibrant ecosystem full of elephants, lions and 50 other species of large mammals.
Social benefits todate include the development of class rooms for local schools, community health care, organic farming greenhouse to promote income generating activities;
The Critical Ecosystems Partnership Fund is supporting activities to reduce deforestation & forest degradation in Taita Hills, Kenya.
The forest area is about 250 km² and part of a global biodiversity hot-spot.
In 2004 a 5-year UNDP supported project started on reducing illegal logging in Kenya dryland forests and woodlands through improved governance.
Its objectives are to determine the scale of illegal logging. promote multiple use and alternative livelihoods, build the capacity of local communities and government agencies, etc
The 2nd Phase of the “Miti Mingi, Maisha Bora” Project supported by Government of Finland could support the preparation of a national forest inventory as a baseline for a REDD program.
The World Bank Natural Resource Management Project supported the rapid assessment of forest resources, forest boundary demarcation, and implementation of guidelines for community forestry associations.
Direct jobs (paid labour for
tree planting, weeding...)
Reduction of CO2
Sale of non wood
goods and services
Some thoughts and the way forward on these picture, you get a very interesting scenario
Four Broad Challenges on these picture, you get a very interesting scenario
Concluding Observations on these picture, you get a very interesting scenario
As I finish Mr. Chairman, on these picture, you get a very interesting scenarioI want to leave us with a question:
Would this arrangement, where trees are paying more than tea qualify under REDD?