Understanding your computer
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UNDERSTANDING YOUR COMPUTER. Personal Computers Called PC’s. This type of computer is made by several different companies. The computers we will use in class. Macintosh Often called Macs and Apples.

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Two basic types of computers l.jpg

Personal Computers

Called PC’s.

This type of computer is made by several different companies.

The computers we will use in class.

Macintosh

Often called Macs and Apples.

These computers look different on the inside and outside but they can do basically the same things.

TWO BASIC TYPES OF COMPUTERS


Operating systems os l.jpg
OPERATING SYSTEMS (OS)

  • The operating system tells everything in your computer how to act.

  • It can change the way things appear on your screen or desktop.

Windows is the most common operating system for PCs.


Hardware l.jpg
HARDWARE

Hardware is the name for the physical parts of your computer.

  • CPU

  • Monitor

  • Keyboard

  • Mouse

  • Speakers

  • Printer


Central processing unit l.jpg
CENTRAL PROCESSING UNIT

  • This is what makes a computer

    work. It is like the brain of the computer.

  • Contains the disk drives and hard drive.

  • This is where you will find the power switch to turn the computer on and off.

  • Also called CPU, Computer, and Processor.


Mouse l.jpg
MOUSE

  • Cursor

  • Click

  • Double-Click

  • Click and Drag

  • Right-Click


Keyboard l.jpg

10-Key pad

Arrow Keys

Caps Lock

Shift

Back Space/ Delete

Enter or Return

KEYBOARD


Disks l.jpg

3.5 Floppy Disk

We will use these in class.

Like a folder in your pocket

CD ROM Disk

Just like a music CD.

Software is purchased on CD.

Today, some CD’s can be used to save information, but the computer has to have a CD burners.

DISKS


Desktop l.jpg
Desktop

  • The first screen you see when the computer starts up

  • The desktop has

    several icons that

    can be used as

    short-cuts to a

    program or file.


Drives l.jpg

Drives are different places on your computer to save information.

3 ½ Floppy A: is the disk drive

C: is the hard drive

DRIVES


Folders and documents l.jpg
Folders and Documents information.

  • Folders help organize the things you save on the computer.

  • Each thing you save is called a document or a file.


Software l.jpg

Software is information or instructions for your computer. information.

Software needs to be installed on a computer, usually from a CD.

Some examples of software programs that we will use in class:

Word

Excel

PowerPoint

Publisher

Internet Explorer

Mavis Beacon

SOFTWARE


Microsoft word l.jpg
MICROSOFT WORD information.

  • Word Processor

  • Like a typewriter except you can edit, copy, move and delete

    text. You can

    check your spelling

    and grammar, too.

  • Use for letters and

    documents which

    are mainly words.


Microsoft excel l.jpg
MICROSOFT EXCEL information.

  • Spreadsheet

  • Use with documents which are mainly numbers or graphs.

  • Adds and multiplies numbers.


Microsoft powerpoint l.jpg
MICROSOFT POWERPOINT information.

  • Presentation software.

  • Use for posters and presentations.

  • This presentation

    was created on

    PowerPoint!


Microsoft internet explorer l.jpg
MICROSOFT INTERNET EXPLORER information.

  • This software allows you to use the internet.

  • When you use the internet you can send and receive e-mail.


Mavis beacon l.jpg
MAVIS BEACON information.

  • Mavis Beacon is a learning software.

  • Mavis Beacon teaches typing and 10-Key.

  • You can use this software to learn to type.


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