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King ANCESTORS IN WESTERN EUROPE. KING ANCESTORS IN FRANCE. The connection of William the Conqueror (25 th GGF of A E King Sr) to the King family through Robert the Bruce and Jane Pollock created a tie to the early Dukes of Normandy

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King ANCESTORS IN WESTERN EUROPE

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King ancestors in western europe

King ANCESTORS IN WESTERN EUROPE


King ancestors in france

KING ANCESTORS IN FRANCE

  • The connection of William the Conqueror (25th GGF of A E King Sr) to the King family through Robert the Bruce and Jane Pollock created a tie to the early Dukes of Normandy

  • Rollo Ragnarsson (35th GGF of A E King Sr) was a Viking who terrorized France in the early 10th century, eventually leading the king of France to grant him the duchy of Normandy to end the raiding

  • Rollo became Duke Rollo, first Duke of Normandy


King ancestors in france1

KING ANCESTORS IN FRANCE

  • Rollo was succeeded by his son, William Longsword (34th GGF of A E King Sr), murdered by Arnulf, Count of Flanders


King ancestors in france2

KING ANCESTORS IN FRANCE

  • William was followed by Richard I of Normandy (33rd GGF of A E King Sr) known as Richard the Fearless

  • During his reign Normandy became Christianized


King ancestors in france3

KING ANCESTORS IN FRANCE

  • Richard II (Richard the Good) (26th GGF of A E King Sr) known also as Richard the Magnificent, died returning from the Crusades

  • He was followed by Robert I (26th GGF of A E King Sr), (pictured), the father of the bastard William the Conqueror, whom he named as heir


King ancestors in france4

KING ANCESTORS IN FRANCE

  • Because many of the nobility of England and Scotland who were King antecedents married with nobility of Western European countries, many ties were created to those families as well

  • Those ancestors created ties, in turn, with the nobility of Eastern European and Asian countries


The franks

THE FRANKS

  • The early rulers of present-day France were the Franks, who began consolidating small kingdoms in the 5th century

  • Childeric I (48th GGF of A E King Sr) began the unification by defeating the Visigoths in 463

  • Childeric’s tomb was discovered by a mason in 1653 in Tournai

  • Included in the treasures within the tomb were 300 gold bees

  • Napoleon later adopted Childeric’s bees as the national symbol of France to replace the Bourbon fleur-de-lis

  • In 1831 the bees were stolen from the BibliotequeNationale and melted down for the gold


Merovignian kings

MEROVIGNIAN KINGS

  • Clovis I (47th GGF of A E King Sr) succeeded his father, Childeric

  • He unified almost all of Gaul, and established Paris as his capital

  • His wife, Clotilda (47th GGF of A E King Sr) converted him, and subsequently the Franks, to Christianity, for which she became St Clotilda

  • Upon his death, Clovis’ kingdom was divided among his 4 sons, including Theodoric I (43rd GGF of A E King Sr) and Clotair I (46th GGF of A E King Sr)

  • They allied themselves with Theodoric the Great, King of the Ostragoths (48th GGF of A E King Sr) to continue the consolidation of Gaul


Merovignian kings1

MEROVIGNIAN KINGS

  • Following the death of Clotair, his kingdom was divided among his sons, including Charibert I (45th GGF of A E King Sr), Sigebert I (46th GGF of A E King Sr), and Chilperic I (42nd GGF of A E King Sr)

  • Chilperic I’s son, Clotair II (41st GGF of A E King Sr) reconsolidated the kingdom after brutally murdering Brunhilda (46th GGM of A E King Sr), wife of Sigebert I

  • Clotair II’s son, Dagobert I (40th GGF of A E King Sr) maintained the consolidation

  • Following Dagobert I’s death, Pepin d’Heristal (39th GGF of A E King Sr), a mayor for the Merovignians, slowly transferred power to his family, ending the rule of the Merovignian Kings in France, and initiating the reign of the Pippinids


Charles the hammer martel

CHARLES ‘THE HAMMER’ MARTEL

  • The illegitimate son of Pepin d’Heristal, Charles Martel (38th GGF of A E King Sr) completed the transfer of power away from the Merovignians and became the ‘Savior of Europe’

  • In 732 the Islamic Moors had crossed the Pyrenees and were moving north through Europe, virtually uncontested in their conquests, and it looked as if all of Western Europe would fall to the Muslims

  • Charles Martel organized an army which met the Muslims in 732 at the Battle of Tours

  • Using ingenious strategies of battles, especially heavy cavalry, the Moors were crushed, and Christian Europe was saved, and a strong bond between Pippinid France and the Pope was created


Battle of tours 732

BATTLE OF TOURS732


Pepin iii the short

PEPIN III THE SHORT

  • Son of Charles Martel, Pepin III (37th GGF of A E King Sr) further consolidated the relationship with the Pope when he took an army to Italy and defeated the Lombards who were threatening southern Italy and the Pope (754-755)

  • Through the Donation of Pepin the papal states were established as independent entities

  • Pepin III was succeeded, upon his death, by his son Charles (Charlemagne), who finally succeeded in consolidating all of France


Charlemagne

CHARLEMAGNE

  • Charlemagne (36th GGF of A E King Sr) completed the conquest of Italy and was crowned by Pope Leo III as the first ‘Holy Roman Emperor’ in 800

  • His rule was associated with the Carolingian renaissance of art, religion and culture

  • Charlemagne extended his land holdings to become the first ruler of Western Europe since the fall of the Roman Empire


Charlemagne s chapel in aachen cathedral

CHARLEMAGNE’S CHAPEL IN AACHEN CATHEDRAL


Descendants of charlemagne

DESCENDANTS OF CHARLEMAGNE

  • Upon the death of Charlemagne his kingdom was divided, with Louis the Pious (36th GGF of A E King Sr) succeeding him as Holy Roman Emperor

  • Louis’ son, Lothair I (34th GGF of A E King Sr) succeeded him

  • Another son of Charlemagne, Louis the German (33rd GGF of A E King Sr) received Germany

  • Charlemagne’s nephew, Bernard (38th GGF of A E King Sr) became King of Italy, only to have Lothair blind him with hot lead

  • A fourth son, Charles the Bald (35th GGF of A E King Sr), succeeded his brother Lothair I through the Treaty of Verdun (843) after much family squabbling

  • After several generations of fighting amongst the descendants of Charlemagne, the door was open for a change in leadership of France, and that change came in the form of Robert the Strong


The robertians

THE ROBERTIANS

  • Robert the Strong (36th GGF of A E King Sr) led a revolt against the nepotism of Charles the Bald

  • Robert was killed in battle against a Viking invasion in 866, but his sons took up the cause to become the Robertian rulers of France

  • His son, Robert I, Count of Anjou (32nd GGF of A E King Sr) defeated Charles the Simple (31st GGF of A E King Sr) to become King of the Franks

  • Robert I’s son, Hugh ‘The Great’ Capet’, succeeded him as king, beginning the reign of the Capetians


Hugh the great capet

HUGH ‘THE GREAT’ CAPET

  • Hugh Capet (28th GGF of A E King Sr) began the Capetian Dynasty which ruled France from 987 until the death of Louis XIV in 1793

  • He relied heavily on Duke Richard I of Normandy (32nd GGF of A E King Sr) to gain and hold the crown

  • He was succeeded in 996 by his son, Robert II (27th GGF of A E King Sr)

  • Although known as Robert the Pious, he divorced his wife to marry his cousin, an act which got him excommunicated by the Pope

  • Robert’s successor, Hugh Magnus, was not in the King lineage, and the King connection to the Capetian rulers ended with him, only to reconnect later in history

  • Henry I (26th GGF of A E King Sr), grandson of Hugh Capet, married Anne of Kiev (26th GGM of A E King Sr), daughter of Yaraslov the Wise of Kiev (27th GGF of A E King Sr), creating a tie to Russia


Flanders

FLANDERS

  • Flanders was a northern duchy of France, founded by Baldwin I ‘Iron Arm’ (31st GGF of A E King Sr)

  • Baldwin I managed to kidnap the daughter of Charles the Bald (35th GGF of A E King Sr), elope with her, and still maintain a good relationship with Charles

  • Baldwin II (30th GGF of A E King Sr) succeeded him

  • Arnulf I (29th GGF of A E King Sr) succeeded him, and assassinated Duke William Longsword of Normandy (34th GGF of A E King Sr) after luring him to a peace conference

  • Arnulf was succeeded by Robert I of Flanders (27th GGF of A E King Sr)


Aquitaine

AQUITAINE

  • Aquitaine was a duchy of France, having been an independent kingdom prior to the consolidation of the Franks

  • William V of Aquitaine (30th GGF of A E King Sr) was one of the most powerful dukes in his time, and in 1024 was offered the crown

  • His 2nd great-grandaughter, Eleanor of Aquitaine (26th GGM of A E King Sr), was married to Louis the Younger of France and, after the annulment of that marriage, to Henry II of England, creating one of many links of English and French ancestors of A E King Sr

  • William IX (28th GGF of A E King Sr) entertained Pope Urban at Christmas in 1095. During that visit the plans for the First Crusade were hatched

  • Although he entertained the Pope, he was excommunicated twice – once for imprisoning the Bishop of Poitiers – once for abducting ViscountessDangereuse (28th GGF of A E King Sr), wife of Aimery de Rocheffoucauld, his vassal, and marrying her, forcing his present wife, Phillipa, to retire to a monastery


Anjou

ANJOU

  • Anjou was a duchy of France, initially under the rule of Ingelger I Orlean (31st GGF of A E King Sr)

  • Fulk I the Red (30th GGF of A E King Sr) expelled the Normans from Anjou

  • Geoffrey Greymantle (29th GGF of A E King Sr) began the expansion of Anjou into a strong state

  • Fulk III Nera (31st GGF of A E King Sr) was a master castle builder. He also boiled his wife to death for being unfaithful

  • Fulk V of Anjou (26th GGF of A E King Sr) led a Crusade to the Holy Land and became King of Jerusalem

  • Fulk V’s son, Geoffrey V Plantagenet, married Empress Maud of England (25th GGM of A E King Sr), and was the patriarch of the Plantagenet rulers of Scotland and England


Louis ix st louis

LOUIS IX (ST LOUIS)

  • The blossoming of France as a center of culture and learning began under Philip II Augustus (24th GGF of A E King Sr) who was also descended from Charlemagne through his mother

  • Louis VIII the Lion (23rd GGF of A E King Sr) married Blanche of Castile (23rd GGM of A E King Sr), connecting the King line to the nobility of Spain

  • He was followed by Louis IX (St Louis) (22nd GGF of A E King Sr)

  • A devout Christian, Louis IX led two unsuccessful Crusades -- captured on one and dying of dysentery on the second

  • A devout anti-semite, he expelled most of the Jews from France and burned 12,000 copies of the Talmud

  • Following his death his descendants ruled France for another 500 years


Philip iv the fair

PHILIP IV THE FAIR

  • Philip IV the Fair (20th GGF of A E King Sr) was the grandson of Louis IX

  • Philip IV was responsible for the destruction of the Knights Templar, and burned several of their leaders at the stake, including Jacques de Molay

  • Philip’s daughter, Isabella of France (19th GGF of A E King Sr) married Edward II Plantagenet of England (19th GGF of A E King Sr), creating another connection of the English and French ancestors of A E King Sr

  • The King connection to the Capetian rulers of France ended with Philip IV, only to resume a generation later


The valois kings

THE VALOIS KINGS

  • Charles de Valois (20th GGF of A E King Sr) was never king of France, but was patriarch of the Valois kings. His mother was Isabella of Aragon (21st GGM of A E King Sr)

  • Isabella was the daughter of James I of Aragon (22nd GGF of A E King Sr) and Yolanda of Hungary (22nd GGM of A E King Sr), creating another connection to the Spanish nobility and a new connection to the nobility of Eastern Europe Yolanda’s father was Andrew II, King of Hungary (23rd GGF of A E King Sr)


Philip vi de valois

PHILIP VI DE VALOIS

  • Philip VI de Valois (20th GGF of A E King Sr), son of Charles de Valois and grandson of Philip III, became the first Valois King of France in 1328 when Charles II died without an heir

  • Through many of the marriages listed before, English royalty claimed titles to French duchies through marriage

  • These claims led to a series of wars between England and France which came to a head during the reign of Philip VI and were known as the Hundred Years Wars

  • In 1347, during Philip VI’s reign, the Black Death (plague) hit France, killing 40% of the population

  • John the Good (19th GGF of A E King Sr) succeeded Philip VI as the 2nd Valois king


Other french ancestors of the king family

OTHER FRENCH ANCESTORS OF THE King FAMILY

  • Isabella of Angouleme (25th GGM of A E King Sr), daughter of the Count of Angouleme, married King John I of England (25th GGF of A E King Sr) creating another connection between the English and French ancestors of the King family

  • St Arnulf of Metz (40th GGF of A E King Sr) Bishop of Metz – tormented by the violence around him, he threw his bishop’s ring into the River Moselle. Several years later a fisherman returned the ring, having found it in a fish. Sensing a sign from above, Arnulf retired as bishop and became a hermit. Arnulf was famed for making fires go out, and for turning water into beer

  • Ansigesel of Metz (39th GGF of A E King Sr) was the son of St Arnulf, and the father of Pepin d’Heristal, patriarch of the Pippinid rulers


Other french ancestors of the king family1

OTHER FRENCH ANCESTORS OF THE King FAMILY

  • St Begga of Landen(40th GGM of A E King Sr) was the wife of Ansigesel. She became a nun on the death of Ansigesel and founded the convent at Andenne

  • William I the Liberator (29th GGF of A E King Sr) was Count of Arles. He defeated the Moors and became Count of Provence


King ancestors in spain

KING ANCESTORS IN SPAIN

  • Following the fall of the Roman Empire, the Visigoths slowly expanded into Spain (the Iberian Peninsula)

  • The Visigoths reached their high point in Spain under the rule of Leovigild (48th GGF of A E King Sr), an Arian Christian

  • After the 7th century Spain became a constant battleground between Muslims (Moors) and Christians, and Spain remained divided into several smaller kingdoms, the kingdom of Spain not emerging until the marriage of Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabella of Castile in 1469

  • The first ruler of Aragon was Ramiro I (30th GGF of A E King Sr) who died in 1063 battling the Muslims at Graus

  • His son, Sancho V Ramirez (29th GGF of A E King Sr) died in 1094 fighting the Muslims in Huesca

  • Witnessing the fate of those before him, Ramiro II Sanchez (28th GGF of A E King Sr) became a monk. His grandson, Alfonso II the Chaste (27th GGF of A E King Sr), became King of Aragon, later adding Castile to the kingdom


King ancestors in spain1

KING ANCESTORS IN SPAIN

  • Peter II of Aragon (23rd GGF of A E King Sr) was the first king of Aragon to be crowned by a Pope (Innocent III)

  • His son, James the Conqueror (James I; 22nd GGF of A E King Sr) drove the Muslims from Aragon in the 13th century, founded the Cathedral of Lleida, and was a patron of the University of Montpellier

  • Fernan Gonzalez (35th GGF of A E King Sr) was the first King of Castile. He was active in reclaiming land from the Muslims in the Reconquista

  • Ferdinand I of Castile (31st GGF of A E King Sr) married Sancha of Leon, daughter of Alphonso V, King of Leon (32nd GGF of A E King Sr), then murdered her brother to claim the crown of Leon

  • Ferdinand III (24th GGF of A E King Sr) completed the removal of the Muslims from Castile and donated their land for the Cathedral of Burgos, for which he became St Ferdinand. His sword (Lobera) is on display at the Capilla Real


King ancestors in spain2

KING ANCESTORS IN SPAIN

  • Ferdinand III’s daughter, Eleanor of Castile (243rd GGM of A E King Sr) married Edward I of England, connecting the Spanish rulers to those of England

  • Ferdinand III’s grandson, Sancho IV the Brave (21st GGF of A E King Sr) was ruthless, murdering thousands of his own subjects and imprisoning his brother, Don Juan

  • His son, Fernando IV (20th GGF of A E King Sr) took Gibralter from the Muslims, who had held it for 500 years

  • Peter the Cruel (18th GGF of A E King Sr) gained his moniker by killing his wife, Blanche of Bourbon (18th GGM of A E King Sr) with a crossbow, and his ruthlessness eventually led to the Castilian Civil War in which he was dethroned

  • His daughter, Constance of Castile (17th GGM of A E King Sr) married John of Gaunt, creating another tie with the English Plantagenets


King ancestors in spain3

KING ANCESTORS IN SPAIN

  • Ardabast of the Visigoths (45th GGF of A E King Sr) was an early ruler of Leon

  • Bermudo I de Cantabria (41st GGF of A E King Sr) was ruler of Leon when the first Muslim invasions began

  • His son, Ramiro I of the Asturias (40th GGF of A E King Sr) defeated the Moors at the Battle of Clavijo (844), a battle in which St James the Moor Slayer is said to have appeared in the sky and guided Ramiro

  • Ordono II Alfonsez (36th GGF of A E King Sr) was defeated by the Muslims at Valdejunquera. Blaming the Counts of Castile, who had not shown up, he gathered them together and had them all killed. After his reign Leon passed under the leadership of Castile as Castile y Leon, and counts showed up for battles

  • InigoIniguez Arista of Pamplona (43rd GGF of A E King Sr) was the first king of Pamplona, a basque state

  • His son, Garcia Ineguez of Pamplona (42nd GGF of A E King Sr) defeated the Muslims, slaughtering more than 10,000

  • Following his victory, Santiago de Compostela, containing the relics of St James, became a favored pilgrimage site for Europeans


King ancestors in spain4

KING ANCESTORS IN SPAIN

  • Garcia Ineguez’s son, Fortun Garcia (38th GGF of A E King Sr) was imprisoned by the Muslims for 20 years in a period of Muslim rule

  • His son, Garcia I Sanchez (37th GGF of A E King Sr) conquered the Muslims to regain the Christian throne

  • During the reign of Garcia I the Codex Vigilanus was completed – one of the most important early medieval Spanish manuscripts. It contained the first Western representation of Arabic numerals

  • Garcia III Sanchez (31st GGF of A E King Sr) founded the monastery of Santa Maria Real (now the Pamplona Cathedral), then was killed battling his brother

  • In 1234 Theobald I of Navarre (22nd GGF of A E King Sr) became the first French king of Navarre

  • His father was Theobald III of Champagne (23rd GGF of A E King Sr)

  • His mother was Blanche of Navarre (23rd GGM of A E King Sr)


King ancestors in spain5

KING ANCESTORS IN SPAIN

  • Catalonia and Barcelona emerged from Visigothic, then Muslim, rule in the 9th century under Sunifred I, Count of Urgell and Barcelona (32nd GGF of A E King Sr), grandson of Theodoric IV of the Franks (34th GGF of A E King Sr)

  • His son, Wilfred the Hairy (31st GGF of A E King Sr) died fighting the Muslims, and is buried at the Monastery of Ripoli

  • Berenger Ramon the Crooked Nose (29th GGF of A E King Sr) opted to sign a treaty with the Muslims, but his son, Ramon I Berenguer (28th GGF of A E King Sr) fought them aggressively, while also founding the Cathedral of Barcelona

  • Ramon III Berenguer the Great (29th GGF of A E King Sr) recovered large holdings from the Muslims, and became a Knight Templar

  • Ramon IV Berenguer (28th GGF of A E King Sr) played a major role in the Second Crusade as part of the Reconquista. His 3rd great-granddaughter, Eleanor Berenger (24th GGM of A E King Sr) married Henry III of England (24th GGF of A E King Sr) creating another link between the Spanish and English nobility


King ancestors in germany

KING ANCESTORS IN GERMANY

  • Germany did not become Germany until it was consolidated under Kaiser Willhelm just before World War I

  • Prior to that Germany was a collection of small kingdoms and duchys, falling under the domain of the Holy Roman Empire after the time of Charlemagne

  • Following the fall of the Roman Empire the Franks ruled Germany and France

  • Clovis I (47th GGF of A E King Sr) was an early Frankish king ruling Germany (died 511)

  • Theodebert I (45th GGF of A E King Sr) did much to bring Germany into the Frankish kingdom by conquering the Thuringians and Allemani

  • Charlemagne (36th GGF of A E King Sr) completed the consolidation of Germany

  • Widikund the Great (39th GGF of A E King Sr) was the last of the Saxon Germans to successfully resist the Franks

  • He was the first Saxon king to convert to Christianity (8th century)


King ancestors in germany1

KING ANCESTORS IN GERMANY

  • When Charlemagne divided his kingdom among his sons, Germany emerged as a distinct geographical entity, under the rule of Louis the German (Louis II, King of Bavaria) (33rd GGF of A E King Sr)

  • Because the Carolingian rulers descended from Charlemagne ruled primarily from France, they were unable to adequately protect Germany from incursions from Eastern Europe, and the Germans soon freed themselves from Carolingian rule under the leadership of Henry the Fowler (34th GGF of A E King Sr)

  • Henry was the grandson of Liudolf the Great (36th GGF of A E King Sr), a Saxon ruler who established the Gandersheim Abbey with relics from former Popes Anastasia and Innocent. He was the patriarch of the Liudolfing rulers of Saxony

  • Henry was the son of Otto the Illustrious, Duke of Saxony (37th GGF of A E King Sr), patriarch of the Ottonian rulers of Saxony, who headed the army that ended the threat of Hungarian (Magyar) incursion into Germany


King ancestors in germany2

KING ANCESTORS IN GERMANY

  • Henry the Fowler’s wife, Matilda von Ringleheim (34th GGM of A E King Sr) was canonized as St Matilda for her benevolence to the Church

  • Duke Arnulf the Bad (35th GGF of A E King Sr) earned his name by confiscating lands from the Church to finance his wars with the Vikings and Normans. He is not a saint

  • Otto I’s wife, Eadgyth of Wessex(33rd GGM of A E King Sr) was the daughter of King Edward the Elder of Wessex (34th GGF of A E King Sr) creating one of many ties between the royalty of Germany and England

  • In 950 the king of Italy died without an heir, and the Pope invited Otto I to become king. Otto thus became the first Holy Roman Emperor

  • Otto II, Holy Roman Emperor (35th GGF of A E King Sr) married TheophanaSclerina (35th GGM of A E King Sr), a princess of the Byzantine Empire, connecting the German ancestors to the rulers of Byzantium in Turkey


King ancestors in germany3

KING ANCESTORS IN GERMANY

  • Frederick I Barbarosa, Holy Roman Emperor (25th GGF of A E King Sr) greatly expanded German rule over Italy, but died on Crusade in 1189

  • His son, Henry VI von Hohenstaufen (25th GGF of A E King Sr) had a stoke of luck when Richard the Lionheart was delivered to him as a prisoner while returning from Crusade. He gained a ransom of 150,000 silver marks from the English

  • Henry VI expanded his holdings into Sicily, where he blinded and castrated all of the Sicilian nobility

  • His son, Frederick II Hohenstaufen (24th GGF of A E King Sr) was constantly in conflict with the Pope over the powers of each

  • Frederick II’s son, Conrad IV (26th GGF of A E King Sr) saw the end of Hohenstaufen rule over Germany as his wars in Italy and Sicily allowed the nobility of Germany to wrest power from him


King ancestors in germany4

KING ANCESTORS IN GERMANY

  • With the help of the Pope, long at odds with the Hohenstaufen rulers, Rudolf von Hapsburg (22nd GGF of A E King Sr) emerged as the ruler of Germany, beginning the Hapsburg Dynasty of Germany and Austria

  • Henry VII of Luxembourg (21st GGF of A E King Sr) succeeded Rudolf as Holy Roman Emperor

  • Theodoric the Great of the Ostragoths (48th GGF of A E King Sr) was an early Ostragothic king of Swabia (Allemania)

  • Garibald I of Bavaria (45th GGF of A E King Sr) was the first Duke of Bavaria during the Carolingian Dynasty

  • Luitpold of Bavaria (36th GGF of A E King Sr) initiated the Luitpolding Dynasty of Bavaria

  • Henry II, Holy Roman Emperor (31st GGF of A E King Sr) was canonized as a saint in 1147


King ancetors in germany

KING ANCETORS IN GERMANY

  • Albert the Bear (25th GGF of A E King Sr) was the first Margrave of Brandenburg and was a prominent figure in the Wendish Crusade of 1147

  • His son, Otto I von Brandenburg (24th GGF of A E King Sr) founded the Lehnin Abbey in Zauche in 1180

  • Herman Billung, Duke of Saxony (31st GGF of A E King Sr) was the first of the Billung Dynasty that ruled Saxony for five generations

  • He founded the Monastery of St Michael in Luneburg

  • Otto I the Child (20th GGF of A E King Sr) was the first Duke of Brunswick-Luneburg


King ancestors in italy

KING ANCESTORS IN ITALY

  • Alaric I of the Visigoths (53rd GGF of A King Sr) sacked Rome in 410

  • Ricimer I of the Suevi (49th GGF of A E King Sr) ruled Rome as a German (barbarian) soldier

  • Theodoric I of the Ostragoths (48th GGF of A E King Sr) sacked Rome in 488 and declared himself King of Italy

  • Pepin III the Short (37th GGF of A E King Sr) defeated the Lombards to secure Italy for the Church and create the papal states

  • Bernard of Italy (38th GGF of A E King Sr), grandson of Charlemagne, served briefly as King of Italy until Louis the Pious (36th GGF of A E King Sr) blinded him with molten lead in his eyes

  • Berengar I (31st GGF of A E King Sr) was a native Italian elected to be King of Italy in 888

  • He was a member of the powerful Fruili nobility, son of Eberhard of Fruili (32nd GGF of A E King Sr)


King ancestors in italy1

KING ANCESTORS IN ITALY

  • Otto I the Great of Germany (33rd GGF of A E King Sr) was crowned King of Rome by the Pope, becoming the first Holy Roman Emperor

  • Roger I de Hauteville of Normandy (27th GGF of A E King Sr) became King of Sicily while leading a crusade there

  • His descendants ruled Sicily for several generations


King ancestors in portugal

KING ANCESTORS IN PORTUGAL

  • Like Spain, Portugal was a contested land between the invading Muslims and native Celts following the fall of the Roman Empire

  • Until the 11th century, most of Portugal was ruled by the Kings of Castile and Leon in Spain

  • Alfonso VI Jimeno (30th GGF of A E King Sr) married his illegitimate daughter, Teresa Alfonso of Castile (29th GGM of A E King Sr) to Henry de Burgandy (29th GGF of A E King Sr) and made Henry Count of Portugal

  • Upon the death of Alfonso, his daughter, UraccaAlfonsez(29th GGM of A E King Sr), became Queen of Portugal

  • Uracca was overthrown by Teresa’s son, Alfonso I Henriquez (27th GGF of A E King Sr), the first to use the title King of Portugal

  • With the help of European crusaders, including the Templars, Alfonso I began the process of retaking land from the Muslims of Portugal


King ancestors in portugal1

KING ANCESTORS IN PORTUGAL

  • Under Sancho I Alfonsez (24th GGF of A E King Sr) Christian cities began to emerge in eastern and central Portugal

  • Sancho’s daughter, Berengaria (28th GGM of A E King Sr) married Vlademar II of Denmark (28th GGF of A E King Sr) creating a Portugal-Denmark link that later linked with Scottish ancestors

  • Alfonso IV the Brave (20th GGF of A E King Sr) scored a major victory over the Muslims in 1340

  • Dionisio (Denis) Alfonsez (21st GGF of A E King Sr) offered sanctuary for the Knights Templar during their persecution in France

  • Following the Reconquista of the Muslims, Denis brought political infrastructure, education, and the arts to Portugal

  • A troubadour, 137 of his songs have been preserved in 16th century manuscripts


King ancestors in netherlands belgium

KING ANCESTORS IN NETHERLANDS-BELGIUM

  • Like most of Western Europe, Belgium and The Netherlands flourished under Roman rule

  • In the 7th century, under Carolingian rule from France, the areas became Christianized

  • In the 12th century the land was greatly expanded by reclaiming coastal areas with large dyke systems

  • In the 12th century Flanders (encompassing parts of France, Belgium and the Netherlands) developed as the world’s major textile area, importing wool and exporting finished cloth

  • Childeric I (48th GGF of A E King Sr), the first Merovingian King of France, ruled from Tournai, Belgium

  • Baldwin I ‘Iron Arm’ (31st GGF of A E King Sr) was the first recorded Count of Flanders

  • Like Scotland, Flanders was frequently a deciding independent factor in the wars between England and France


King ancestors in netherlands belgium1

KING ANCESTORS IN NETHERLANDS-BELGIUM

  • Baldwin I abducted the willing daughter of Charles the Bald of France, Princess Judith of France (28th GGM of A E King Sr) and married her, but managed to maintain a good relationship with Charles

  • Baldwin’s grandson, Arnulf I of Flanders (Arnulf the Great; 29th GGF of A E King Sr) summoned Duke William Longsword of Normandy (34th GGF of A E King Sr) to a peace conference, then murdered him

  • Arnulf I was the son of Aelfrith, daughter of Alfred the Great (35th GGF of A E King Sr) creating one of many ties between the nobility of The Netherlands/Belgium and the nobility of England/Scotland

  • Reginar I Longneck (35th GGF of A E King Sr) secured the area of Hainault from Duke Rollo of Normandy (35th GGF of A E King Sr)

  • Baldwin II of Hainault (28th GGF of A E King Sr) was the first Count of Hainault, only to be killed by Seljuk Turks while on the First Crusade


King ancestors in netherlands belgium2

KING ANCESTORS IN NETHERLANDS-BELGIUM

  • Baldwin IV of Hainault (26th GGF of A E King Sr) also went on Crusade, and became King of Constantinople


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