The Elizabethan Era. Test Review. The Social Network. Elizabethan England was spilt into two classes - the Upper Class consisting of the nobility, courtiers, and high ranking members of the Clergy - and then there was everyone else!
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Over the course of time the Jewish faith has been persecuted against. They were exiled from England from 1270-1655
Edward I decreed that Jews were a threat to the country. Jews were forced to wear a yellow star on their clothing identifying themselves and were only able to practice their religion in secret. Heads of households were arrested and sent to The Tower of London to await execution.
Jews were believed to be witches because of stereotypical features (hooked nose and swarthy complexion). Christians believed that Jews made a pact with the devil and therefore sent the plague to kill everyone of the Christian faith.
The jobs they could hold were a peddler or money lender.
A breakdown in the feudal system – The system was built on a hierarchal pyramid in which superiors were responsible for the peasants who lived on their land.
Dissolution of Monasteries – Between 1536-1540, King Henry VIII put vast sums of money into the royal coffers instead of the church. This left monks and nuns homeless and poor.
Changes in Religion – Due to constant changes in religion (Protestant to Catholic, Catholic to Protestant, Martin Luther’s Reformation), there was a decline in morals and values. People stopped feeding the hungry, helping strangers, clothing the naked, burying the dead, etc. People started committing desperate acts to survive.
Land Enclosures – Farms turned into places to rear sheep due to the rise in the wool trade. Farms were used for open fields so needed less people to maintain the land. More people moved into town seeking employment due to the decrease in field jobs.
Poor Harvests & Population Increase – The population increased by 25%. Due unsuccessful crops, the price of food increased and people began to starve. Again, in order to survive, people committed crimes to feed themselves and their families.
Ruled from November 17, 1558 until her death (44 years)
She was known as the Virgin Queen because she never married.
Elizabeth was the daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn.
Edward VI, Elizabeth’s brother, bequeathed the throne to his cousin Lady Jane Grey. His will was thrown aside, Jane was executed, and “Bloody Mary” took the throne. She was then executed and Elizabeth became queen.
Elizabeth was cautious in foreign affairs, moving between the major powers of France and Spain.
She only half-heartedly supported a number of ineffective, poorly resourced military campaigns in the Netherlands, France and Ireland.
In the mid-1580s, war with Spain could no longer be avoided, and when Spain finally decided to invade and conquer England in 1588, the defeat of the Spanish Armada associated her with what is popularly viewed as one of the greatest victories in English history.