Aircraft diagnostics from avionics support equipment perspective 07 december 2010
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Aircraft Diagnostics from Avionics Support Equipment Perspective 07 December 2010. Michael Brazinski CH-53K Avionics Support Equipment NAVAIR, Lakehurst, NJ. Topics for Discussion. Diagnostics Requirements System Synthesis Model Smart Connector Development. Current Diagnostics Requirements.

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Aircraft diagnostics from avionics support equipment perspective 07 december 2010

Aircraft Diagnostics from Avionics Support Equipment Perspective07 December 2010

Michael Brazinski

CH-53K Avionics Support Equipment

NAVAIR, Lakehurst, NJ


Topics for discussion
Topics for Discussion Perspective

  • Diagnostics Requirements

  • System Synthesis Model

  • Smart Connector Development


Current diagnostics requirements
Current Diagnostics Requirements Perspective

  • Current status quo uses boilerplate requirements statement.

  • Unachievable

    • COTS / NDI

    • Cost Overrun / Schedule Slippage

    • Specification Changes

  • Solution Centered

    • BIT

    • Test Equipment

    • Manual Procedures

    • Diagnostics Reasoners

    • Iterative R&R

“The aircraft Built-In Test (BIT) shall demonstrate a Fault Detection (FD) rate of 95% or greater for all avionics and mission communications equipment. The aircraft BIT shall demonstrate a Fault Isolation (FI) rate to one Weapons Replaceable Assembly (WRA) of 95% or greater for all avionics and mission communications equipment.”

  • Incomplete

    • Avionics / Mission Communications Equip.

  • Ambiguous

    • “Avionics” vs. “Non-Avionics” Failure Modes


Concepts for future diagnostics requirements
Concepts for Future Diagnostics Requirements Perspective

  • Specify Mean Time to Fault Detection (MTTFD) with respect to FMECA Severity Levels.

  • Loosely specify (if at all) the FD/FI techniques that the systems developer shall use to implement effective diagnostics within the Mean Time to Repair (MTTR), as required.

  • Specify Fault Isolation (FI) Rate solely in accordance with the set of detectable faults (if any) that are acceptable to be left unrepaired indefinitely.

  • Specify an allowable CND rate for replaceable items sent to next level of maintenance for repair.


Figures of merit for future diagnostics requirements
Figures of Merit for Future Diagnostics Requirements Perspective

  • The mean and maximum operational times to detection of Category I and Category II failures

  • The percentage of Category III and Category IV failures that may be left undetected

  • The mean operational time to detection of Category III and Category IV failures

  • The MTTR

  • The frequency of CNDs


System synthesis model
System Synthesis Model Perspective

Current

Concept

  • NAVAIR PMA-260 System Synthesis Model Web Tool

    • Tester-based

      • Data entered aligns to CASS stimulus / response test capabilities.

    • Single purpose

      • Provides report of compatibilities / incompatibilities between CASS family and WRA.

    • Non-standard data format

  • Suppliers ICDs

    • No standard format

  • Standardized interface control database

    • Flows from systems engineering model

      • System

      • Subsystem

      • WRA

      • SRA

      • Component

    • Connector / signal based data at WRA-level

    • Multi-purpose

      • Reliability Analysis

      • Diagnostics Modeling

      • Test & Repair Equipment Selection

    • Standard Data Format

      • IEEE 1641, etc…


Mids smart connector
MIDS Smart Connector Perspective

Current

Smart Connector Diagnostics

  • MIDS Tactical Information System

    • Thousands of terminals fielded.

  • MIDS-LVT Terminal Diagnostics Ambiguity

    • Receiver/Transmitter

    • Remote Power Supply

    • Cable Set

    • Host Power

  • Currently, ~60% CND rate for RPS.

    • $7.5K for every return

  • Receiver/Transmitter A799 rates between 30%-40%.

  • Total loss from CNDs over system lifetime >$3M to date.

  • IDATS at NAVAIR Lakehurst currently developing MIDS Smart Connector Tester.

  • Detects/isolates faults within MIDS Power Supply System

    • RPS

    • Cable Set

    • Host Power

  • Currently executing $500K from ONR to bring tester to TRL-6 level.

    • Full capability

    • Hand-held form factor

    • Demonstration at SIL

      • Mid-March 2011


Thanks
Thanks! Perspective

Questions?


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