The History of Film. Rooted in still photography - early to mid 1800s Considered 1 st actual photograph,1826 by French inventor Nicéphore Niépce. Origins of Motion Pictures. Early 1890s Simultaneous development: U.S. - Thomas Edison France - Lumiere Brothers (Auguste & Louis).
Considered 1st actual photograph,1826
by French inventor Nicéphore Niépce
(Auguste & Louis)
Individual viewing booths
With film projected at 48 fps
Meant to portray actual life
Trick film – “The Golden Beetle”, 1907
Entrance to the Harris nickelodeon
Smithfield Street in Pittsburgh, 1919
A Trip to the Moon (Le voyage dans la Lune) - 1902
“The Great Train Robbery”, 1903
Screens with written dialogue
David Wark(D. W.) Griffith
The Birth of a Nation (1915)
The three hour ten minute film,
based on The Clansman by
Thomas Dixon, deals with
The American Civil War and the
rise of the Ku Klux Klan during the
Considered to be technically sophisticated and ahead of its
time but extremely backward in ideas
Despite its controversial story, the film continues to get praise from film critics such as Roger Ebert, who said: "\'The Birth of a Nation\' is not a bad film because it argues for evil. Like Riefenstahl’s \'The Triumph of the Will,\' it is a great film that argues for evil. To understand how it does so is to learn a great deal about film, and even something about evil. "
Narrative feature length films, along with the popularity of movie theaters, brought about the Rise of Hollywood…and… the first “talkie” (film with sound):“The Jazz Singer”, 1927
Studio System = the practice of large motion picture studios:
Famous Movies: The Wizard of Oz, Gone with the Wind, Casablanca, It\'s a Wonderful Life, the original King Kong, and Snow White and the Seven Dwarves…& many others!
This1948Supreme Court case ruled against these unfair distribution and exhibition practices (vertical integration) and ended the studio system, which gave those “Big 5” studios control of basically the entire film market… this brought about the end of the Golden Age.
Movie attendance peaked in 1946. There
several reasons why it has never reached
the same levels of attendance:
New ways to attract audiences:
A bigger, wrap-around
Screen in theaters
(similar to IMAX).
3 screens combined
to project a much bigger
Image = more expensive
a system that released odors during the projection of a film so that the viewer could "smell" what was happening in the movie. The process injected 30 different smells into a movie theater\'s seats when triggered by the film\'s soundtrack. Hilarious!
Generally dated to the release of “Jaws” in 1975
Less dialogue, more spectacle