Soviet History Timeline. Includes important People, events, and a timeline. . Russian Soviet Timeline. Karl Marx.
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The Marx was born in 1818 in a small German city and died in 1883 in London. He wanted to study philosophy but instead e became a journalist. He came from a jewish family, and he wanted to get rid of capitalism and create socialism. (Citation: Simon, Lawerance. “Karl Marx.” Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Gale, 2006. Gale Biography in Context. Web. 31 Jan. 2011)
The son of Alexander III, Nicholas was born on May 6, 1868. He studied under private tutors, was an accomplished linguist, and traveled extensively in Russia and abroad. In 1890-1891 he made a voyage around the world. Nicholas held customary commissions in the guards, rising, while heir apparent, to the rank of colonel. His participation in affairs of state prior to the death of his father was limited to attendance at meetings of the committee of ministers and of the state council. He wanted to carry on his fathers Nationalism. (Citation: "Nicholas, II." Encyclopedia of World Biography. Detroit: Gale, 1998. Gale Biography In Context. Web. 31 Jan. 2011 )
The Soviet statesman Joseph Stalin (1879-1953) was the supreme ruler of the Soviet Union and the leader of world communism for almost 30 years. Under Joseph Stalin the Soviet Union greatly enlarged its territory, won a war of unprecedented destructiveness, and transformed itself from a relatively backward country into the second most important industrial nation in the world. For these achievements the Soviet people and the international Communist movement paid a price that many of Stalin's critics consider excessive. The price included the loss of millions of lives; massive material and spiritual deprivation; political repression; an untold waste of resources; and the erection of an inflexible authoritarian system of rule thought by some historians to be one of the most offensive in recent history and one that many Communists consider a hindrance to further progress in the Soviet Union itself. ( Citation: "Joseph Stalin." Encyclopedia of World Biography. Detroit: Gale, 1998. Gale Biography In Context. Web. 31 Jan. 2011 )
Leon Trotsky was born Lev Davidovich Bronstein on 7 November 1879 near Yanovka, Russia, on the southern steppes of the Ukraine. His parents, David Leontievich and Anna Bronstein, were middle-class farmers. The future revolutionary spent the first nine years of his life on the family's isolated farm, with a brief interruption at age seven to attend a private Jewish school in Gromolka. (Citation “Leon Trotsky, Russian Revolutionary." The Cold War--1945-1991. Gale, 1992. Gale Biography In Context. Web. 1 Feb. 2011.)
Aleksandr Kerensky was born on April 22, 1881, in Simbirsk (now Ulyanovsk), the son of a teacher who also served as a middle-ranked provincial official. He entered St. Petersburg University (1899), where he studied jurisprudence, philology, and history. By 1904 he had completed his formal training and joined the St. Petersburg bar. He gained a reputation for public controversy and civil liberty; among other things, he worked with a legal-aid society and served as a defense lawyer in several celebrated political cases.(Citation: "AleksandrFedorovich Kerensky." Encyclopedia of World Biography. Detroit: Gale, 1998. Gale Biography In Context. Web. 1 Feb. 2011.)
Vladimir Lenin was born Vladimir IlichUlianov and assumed the pseudonym of Lenin in 1900. His father was a school inspector in the central Russian town of Simbirsk, where Lenin was born on April 10, 1870. His older brother, Alexander, was executed in 1887 for his involvement in a failed assassination attempt on the life of Tsar Alexander the Third. Lenin's initial involvement in politics reflected his loyalty to the memory of his dead brother and his devotion to the ideals of equality and justice (Citiation: Brown, Stephen. "Vladimir I. Lenin." Encyclopedia of Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity. Ed. Dinah L. Shelton. Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, 2005. Gale Biography In Context. Web. 1 Feb. 2011.)
Although he did not possess Lenin's decisive leadership abilities and strong will, Grigori Zinoviev was a man of intense ambition. An indefatigable and brilliant public speaker, he used his skills in collaboration with V. I. Lenin throughout the prerevolutionary era. To a large extent his senior position within the party elite rested on his reputation as Lenin's closest supporter during the dark and hungry days after the failure of the Revolution of 1905 and before the outbreak of the Revolution of 1917. (Citation: "GrigoriEvseevich Zinoviev." Encyclopedia of World Biography. Detroit: Gale, 1998. Gale Biography In Context. Web. 1 Feb. 2011.)
Lev Kamenev, whose family name was Rosenfeld, was born in Moscow, the son of a skilled laborer. He completed his secondary schooling in the Georgian town of Tiflis, where he apparently first came into contact with members of the Russian Social Democratic revolutionary movement. Kamenev's attempt to continue his education at Moscow University was punctuated by his participation in political discussion groups and demonstrations and, finally, in his arrest (1902). It was at this time that he emigrated briefly to western Europe, where he met and formed a lasting attachment to V. I. Lenin and other future Bolshevik leaders. After this, Kamenev's life took on a pattern familiar in the careers of many Russian revolutionaries--arrest, escape or release, followed by renewed work in the revolutionary movement, followed by fresh difficulties with authorities (Citation: "Lev Borisovich Kamenev." Encyclopedia of World Biography. Detroit: Gale, 1998. Gale Biography In Context. Web. 1 Feb. 2011.)
The name means truth in Russian. It was a legal daily newspaper made by Vladimir Lenin subject to post-publication censorship by the tsarist authorities. After years of unsuccessful police harassment, the authorities closed the paper.