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WW I “The War to End All Wars”?. Nationalism - copy definition Kosovo?. Spread of Nationalism. French Revolution - contributes? Napoleon - contributes? Congress of Vienna keeps a lid on for a while until: Belgium (1831), Italy (1861) Germany (1871)

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WW I “The War to End All Wars”?

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Ww i the war to end all wars

WW I “The War to End All Wars”?

Nationalism - copy definition


Spread of nationalism

Spread of Nationalism

  • French Revolution - contributes?

  • Napoleon - contributes?

  • Congress of Vienna keeps a lid on for a while until: Belgium (1831), Italy (1861) Germany (1871)

  • Does not apply to E. Europe and the Balkans

Ww i the war to end all wars

O.E. controls much of Balkans until it becomes the, “Sick man of Europe” and, in early 1800s what 2 multi-ethnic empires fill the void?

  • Slavic people 1st under OE now AH want independence

  • Name those Slavs -

  • Russia promotes Pan-Slavism - wants all Slavs to secede from AH. Why?

  • Yet Slavs often separated by religion.

Russian support of and german support of sets the stage for war

Russian support of ________and German support of ________sets the stage for WAR.



  • Nationalism - German aggression (Schlieffen Plan) & Serbs

  • Imperialism - a “place in the sun”

  • Naval armaments race

  • Entangling Alliances



  • 1870 GB = 33% and Germany 13% world output

  • 1914 rough equality

  • Balkan Wars over former OE territories

  • Mass political participation and new media allow for a chauvinistic patriotism. Patriotism = personal; there’s dancing in the streets when war declared

  • Nationalism = manipulated by nation

  • Total War - take out video notes

Total war

Total War

  • All governments seize dictatorial control “All Quiet on the Western Front”

  • US Espionage and Sedition Act against that dubious background, Creel persuaded the president to launch the Committee on Public Information. Dubious backdrop is ____________

  • Stifle dissent



The white man s war

The White Man’s War

  • Need for manpower France &GB draft from colonial empires in Asia & Africa

  • GB also attacks Germany in Africa

Total war cont

Total War Cont.

  • Women with Yellow Hands

  • Rules of Engagement

  • Lost Generation

  • Hatred

  • Genocide

  • Gallipoli - Australian & NZ nationalism launched as is career of Mustafa Kemal

Ah germany overrun serbia albania romania eventually threaten russia

AH & Germany overrun Serbia, Albania & Romania & eventually threaten Russia

  • Bolshevik Revolution - Notes 1917 same year as US entry

Japan joins allies to

Japan joins Allies to:

  • Get Germany out of Japanese & Chinese territory

  • Take German territory in Pacific

  • Threaten China with 21 Demands. This ultimatum shows Japan’s desire to dominate E Asia

Paris peace conference 1918

Paris Peace Conference 1918

  • SU not allowed (cordon sanitaire)

  • GB blockade causes unneeded suffering among civilians

  • No foreign troops on German soil

  • Not according to Wilson’s 14 Points

The deal

The Deal

  • 33 B reparations

  • Limit military

  • Guilt clause

  • Alsace & Lorraine

  • Demilitarize Rhineland

  • French control Saar Region for a time

  • League of Nations

The league an attempt at collective security

The League - an attempt at collective security

  • SU, US & Germany not included

  • No mechanism for enforcement

  • Italy, Germany, Japan & SU not happy with new boundaries

  • Bye to 3 Empires

Self determination for all

Self determination for all?

  • Yes in Europe>>Serbia & Croats and Slovenes become Yugoslavia

  • Poland reborn (1/3 cannot speak Polish)

  • Czechoslovakia - Many Germans

Unwilling to apply self determination to germany s ex colonies in the pacific arab territories oe

Unwilling to apply self determination to Germany’s ex-colonies in the Pacific, Arab territories & OE

  • Instead of calling territories England and France take over colonies (US won’t allow) now they are called Mandates

  • French get Lebanon & Syria

  • GB gets Iraq & Palestine - where both Arabs (for role in uprising against the Turks in 1916 - TE Lawrence & Ali Hussain) and Jews (Balfour Declaration) were promised a homeland



  • Disillusions as never before

  • 3rd World revolutionaries look to SU

  • US goes from debtor to creditor nation

  • European economic power hurt overseas and at home

  • US isolationism

New nations

New Nations

  • AH becomes Austria & Hungary (shrunk)

  • Turkey from OE shrunk now secular and women given rights

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