Foundations of the 19 th Century. First Treaty of Paris, May 1814. Bourbons restored to the throne of France In the form of Louis XVIII. 2. France made to give-up all of its Conquests after 1792. 3. France regained most of its overseas Colonies lost in the wars.
Foundations of the 19th Century
2. France made to give-up all of its
Conquests after 1792
3. France regained most of its overseas
Colonies lost in the wars.
4. France was not required to pay an
The Allies again send Napoleon into exile, this time on St. Helena in the South Atlantic
He dies there in 1821.
Napoleon leaves Elba & lands
in Southern France on March 1 1815.
The Army rallies around him.
March 20th he enters Paris in triumph.
Louis XVIII flees France to save himself.
Napoleon promises new progressive reforms and not to return to conquests.
Allies don’t believe him and begin to move against him.
Napoleon decides to attack the allies in Belgium.
The British under Wellington & the Prussians under Blucher defeat Napoleon at Waterloo on June 18, 1815.
Congress met from September 1814 to June 1815.
Great powers (Britain, Prussia, Russia, Austria, and France) dominated the proceedings.
2. Restore a balance of power in
Europe with equality among states
3. Principle of Legitimacy – return
To pre-revolution status quo.
4. Allies were to be rewarded for
Victory and those defeated had
To be punished.
2. Viscount Castlereagh of Britain
- Supported Metternich
3. Tsar Alexander I of Russia
- Agreed with allies, pushed for
control of Poland
4. Prince Karl von Hardenberg
- Represented Prussia
5.Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand
- Represented France
2. Holy Roman Empire was not
Recreated – German Confederation
3. Britain and Austria oppose the
Plan proposed by Prussia & Russia
Over Poland and Saxony.
4. Russia and Prussia back down
Each gets smaller amount of land.
Russia gained land in Poland and retained Finland
Acquired 2/5 of Saxony and territory in the Rhineland
Lost Belgium to the Netherlands, gained land in Italy
Acquired Cape Colony, Ceylon, Trinidad and Tobago and Malta
2. France was reduced to the
borders of 1790.
3. French required to pay an
Indemnity of 700 million francs to
4. Allies occupied 17 French forts
For 5 years.
2. Quadruple Alliance
- With the addition of
alliance that fought
Concert of Europe
3. Concert of Europe
- Designed to maintain
the system devised at
the Congress of Vienna
Opposition to the Restored Order
Revolts in Spain and Italy for liberal reforms, crushed by French & Austrians
Revolt against Turkish rule in Greece – leads to independence in 1829
Belgium received independence from Holland after revolt in 1830.
Revolts in Latin America lead to independence of most nations