Theology iv
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THEOLOGY IV. Death & the Intermediate State Glorification Union with Christ -Instructor Christopher Ullman. Death: A Condition of Belief. A constant threat, always on the mind of every person in Bible days Psalm 49 – Man, despite his riches, does not endure

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THEOLOGY IV

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Theology iv

THEOLOGY IV

Death & the Intermediate State

Glorification

Union with Christ

-Instructor Christopher Ullman


Death a condition of belief

Death: A Condition of Belief

  • A constant threat, always on the mind of every person in Bible days

    • Psalm 49 – Man, despite his riches, does not endure

    • Jonah 2 – The earth barred me in forever

    • Psalm 116 – Find the three mentions of the word “death”

    • Hebrews 2:15 – Held in slavery all their lives

  • The thought “Today I may die” was a daily reminder of the need for God

  • Only two have escaped: 2 Kings 2:11, Hebrews 11:5


Why do christians die

Why Do Christians Die?

  • Punishment?

    • Ezekiel 18

    • John 8:24

    • But, see Romans 8:1

  • A result of living in a fallen world?

    • Hebrews 9:27

    • Ecclesiastes 8:8

    • Romans 8:20

    • The last enemy (1 Corinthians 15:26)


Why do christians die1

Why Do Christians Die?

  • To complete what was started: our sanctification, making us like Christ

    • Hebrews 5:8, 2:10

    • Hebrews 12:1-2

    • Revelation 2:10

    • Philippians 3:10

  • The prospect of death readies us

    • Romans 8:17

    • Acts 5:29-33, 21:13

    • Revelation 12:11


What should be our attitude

What Should be our Attitude?

  • About our own death: Pure joy

    • 2 Corinthians 5:8

    • Philippians 1:21-23

    • Revelation 14:13

    • Psalm 23:4

    • 1 Peter 4:13

  • About the death of other Christians: joy mixed with sorrow

    • Acts 8:2

    • Philippians 2:27

    • 1 Thessalonians 4:13


What should be our attitude1

What Should be our Attitude?

  • About the death of an unbeliever: great sorrow

    • Romans 9:1-3

  • Our uncertainty can temper our grief

    • 1 Kings 8:39 – God alone knows the hearts of all men

  • Respect

  • Gratitude for good qualities

    • 2 Samuel 1:23, 27


Death the last enemy

Death the Last Enemy

  • 1 Corinthians 15 – count the words death, die, dying

    • Why was there so much emphasis in Paul’s mind on the resurrection of the dead?


We groan longing to be clothed

We Groan Longing to be Clothed

  • 2 Corinthians 5

    • What “burdens” us?

    • We are at home in the body

    • “We live by faith, not by sight”

    • “We regard no one from a worldly point of view”

    • “The old has gone, the new has come”


Where does the soul go

Where does the soul go?

  • 2 Corinthians 5:8

  • Philippians 1:23

  • Luke 23:43

  • Hebrews 12:23


Death errors

Death Errors

  • Purgatory

  • Soul Sleep

  • Praying for the Dead

  • Annihilationism

  • Things not to say at funerals


Death errors1

Death Errors

  • Purgatory

    • Misinterpretations of 2 Timothy 1:18, Matthew 5:26, 1 Corinthians 3:15, Matthew 12:32

    • The destiny of a soul is dependent only upon decisions and deeds made by that individual

      • 2 Corinthians 5:10

      • John 3:18, 36

    • The Apocryphal passage from 2 Maccabees 12:43-46


Death errors2

Death Errors

  • Soul Sleep?

    • Sleep is a Scriptural metaphor for death, sleeping for being in a state of death

      • Acts 7:60

      • John 11:11

      • 2 Samuel 7:12

    • Death is followed by conscious existence

      • Luke 23:43

      • Philippians 1:23

      • Hebrews 12:22-24


Death errors3

Death Errors

  • Praying for the dead?

    • No precedent for it in Scripture

    • The destiny of a soul is dependent only upon decisions and deeds made by that individual

      • 2 Corinthians 5:10

      • John 3:18, 36

      • Catholic practice is based on an Apocryphal passage from 2 Maccabees 12:42-45


Death errors4

Death Errors

  • Annihilationism?

    • No precedent for it in Scripture

    • The destiny of a soul is dependent only upon decisions and deeds made by that individual

      • Matthew 25:41 & 46

      • Revelation 20:15 & 10


Death errors5

Death Errors

  • Things not to say at funerals

    • “You can always have another child.”

    • “You’re young; you can get married again.”

    • “Don’t worry. You’ll see him again.”

    • “How are you doing?”

    • “You look terrible.”

    • “He looks wonderful.”

    • “Life goes on.”

    • _


What to do at a funeral

What to do at a funeral

  • Be there for the bereaved

    • Job 2:11-13 (but see 16:2-3)

  • Express sympathy and support

    • I am so sorry

    • He will be missed

    • I admired him

    • I will pray for you

    • You can call on me


Glorification

Glorification

  • The final step in the application of redemption: Romans 8:30

    • Being chosen

    • Being called

    • Being justified

    • Being glorified!

A painting by Maulbertsch


Glorification1

Glorification

  • Believed by Old Testament believers

    • Hebrews 11:10, 13-16, 19

    • Job 19:25-26

    • Isaiah 26:19

    • Daniel 12:2

  • Not a dominant theme

  • Not as much detail as in NT


Glorification2

Glorification

  • Primary passages

    • 1 Corinthians 15:12-58

    • 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18

    • 1 John 3:2

    • Romans 8:11

    • 2 Corinthians 5:1-10

    • Philippians 3:20


Glorification3

Glorification

  • What will our resurrection bodies be like?

    • 1 Corinthians 15:42-44, 49

      • “Imperishable” (see 1 Peter 1:23)

      • “In glory” (see Matthew 13:43 & 17:2, Exodus 34:35)

      • “In power” (see Philippians 3:21)

      • “A spiritual body” (consistent with the character and activity of the Holy Spirit)

    • 1 John 3:2-3 - “We shall be like him”

    • They will be physical: 2 Corinthians 5:1-5


Glorification questions

Glorification Questions

  • How recognizable will we be?

  • What of our personalities will persist?

  • What of us will probably not persist?

  • Besides the physical beings of saints, what else will be glorified?


Union with christ

Union With Christ

This phrase describes several different relationships between believers and Christ:

  • We are in Christ.

  • Christ is in us.

  • We are like Christ.

  • We are with Christ.

    It is one of the key Biblical foundations for the concept of the Church.


Us from a god s eye point of view

Us, from a God’s-eye point of view


Us from a god s eye point of view1

Us, from a God’s-eye point of view

  • You (s.) are mysteriously identified with Christ, in God’s eyes

  • You (pl.) are mysteriously identified with Christ, in God’s eyes

  • God chooses to see the Church through “Christ-colored” glasses

  • God is real. All that God sees as real is real, and is the standard for reality.

  • The Church really is in union with Christ.


What does it mean to say

What does it mean to say …

  • We are in Christ?

  • Christ is in us?

  • We are like Christ?

  • We are with Christ?


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