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NATIONAL CONFERENCE ON RABI – 2005 “ DAC – ICAR INTERFACE : ISSUES & STRATEGIES FOR ENHANCING PRODUCTION OF RABI CROPS ” AGRICULTURE COMMISSIONER

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NATIONAL CONFERENCE ON RABI – 2005 “ DAC – ICAR INTERFACE : ISSUES & STRATEGIES FOR ENHANCING PRODUCTION OF RABI CROPS ” AGRICULTURE COMMISSIONER DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE & COOPERATION MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE . CROP SPECIFIC ISSUES AND STRATEGY.

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NATIONAL CONFERENCE ON RABI – 2005

“ DAC – ICAR INTERFACE : ISSUES & STRATEGIES FOR ENHANCING PRODUCTION OF RABI CROPS”

AGRICULTURE COMMISSIONER

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE & COOPERATION

MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE

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CROP SPECIFIC ISSUES AND STRATEGY

WHEAT AND BARLEY : Productivity Enhancement

Impact of rising temperature & imbalanced use of Fertilizer

  • Timely sowings in rice - wheat system
  • Adopt Resource Conservation Technologies - Zero till seed drill, Raised Bed Planting - raised seed bed planter
  • Adopt INM and supplement with micronutrients
  • Promote improved durum wheat varieties (export)
  • Promote high malt barely varieties
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Promote high Malt Content Barley Varieties

  • BC 473 – Haryana, Delhi, Rajasthan, U.P., Bihar & Jharkhand
  • RD 2503 – Haryana, Rajasthan & Western U.P.
  • K 551 – Eastern U.P., Bihar & Jharkhand
  • DL 88 – Maharashtra & Karnataka
  • DWR 28 – Haryana, Rajasthan & Western U.P.
  • Location specific other varieties for Hill and Plain areas
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RABI JOWAR AND MAIZE

Jowar :

  • Early / timely planting to maximise the advantage of residual soil moisture and avoid shootfly damage.
  • Maintain optimum plant stand- 1,35,000 plants /ha under rainfed and 1,50,000 plant / ha under irrigated condition.
  • Promote CSH15R, 19R hybrids for deep soils, irrigated areas and other improved hybrids.

Maize :

  • Promote full season hybrids for Rabi.
  • Popularize single cross hybrids for higher returns.
  • Encourage intercropping of mustard, chickpea, potato, green pea in maize to maximise the returns.
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GRAM

  • Timely planting to take advantage of residual soil moisture under rainfed conditions.
  • Accelerating adoption of area specific disease resistant/tolerant varieties specially for wilt.
  • Apply 20 – 25 kg / ha sulphur and micro-nutrients as per indications of deficiency in soils.
  • Providing one life saving irrigation at flowering/podding stage : yield advantage 20 to 30%
  • Adopt IPM against Helicoverpa, wilt and blight.
  • Promote short duration (75 to 80 days) varieties in Southern States.
rapeseed mustard
RAPESEED / MUSTARD
  • Timely planting to avoid menace of abhids
  • Encouraging the use of sulphur: 20 to 25% yield advantage
  • Promote intercropping of mustard with gram, Lentil, Pea, linseed etc.
  • Promote short duration mustard variety JD-6 and Pusa Agrani in rice fallows of Eastern States
sunflower linseed safflower
SUNFLOWER / LINSEED / SAFFLOWER
  • Promote sunflower hybrids in spring season in northern States : Punjab, Haryana, UP, Bihar, West Bengal, Orissa
  • Popularize double purpose (seed + fibre) improved varieties of linseed in rice fallows
  • Promote thornless varieties of safflower
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BORO RICE

  • Adopt the Shallow Tubewell Model of Assam for water availability
  • Precise varietal choice coupled with INM area-wise to enhance productivity
  • Timely transplanting to maximize yield.
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AREA EXPANSION OF RABI PULSES : OPPORTUNITIES

  • Intercropping of chickpea and lentil with other crops in Central India
  • Introduce lentil and chick pea in rice fallows in Chattisgarh, Jharkhand, WB, Orissa, East M.P., parts of A.P., Karnataka in residual / moisture
  • Urdbean / Mungbean in rice fallows in coastal areas of AP, TN, Karnataka and Kerala

“Adopt On farm seed priming and Rapid Minimum Tillage by zero till seed drill”

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GENERAL TECHNOLOGY PACKAGE

  • Use of ridges, furrows, or broadbeds for raising crops – promote implements.
  • Avoid loss to seedlings due to mortality; Adopt seed treatment.
  • Add lime in acidic soils of Eastern & NE States to harness the full potential.
  • Promote IPM for management of insect pests and diseases
  • Enhance the efficiency of available water through appropriate techniques like sprinkler and drip; appropriate planting methods; and scheduling of irrigation.
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SEED PRODUCTION

  • Accelerate seed production of new varieties and hybrids as per proposed new systems.
  • District level recommendation of varieties of different crops and indents accordingly.
  • Special seed production plan for varieties with specific characteristics i.e malt quality Barley, High protein maize and improved oil quality mustard etc. to meet specific demand industry
  • Assessment of requirement of seed may be linked with targeted crop diversification.
other issues
Other Issues
  • Research on hybrids of oilseeds and pulses needs to be accelerated to meet the location specific demands of the farmers
  • Newer technology of production such as polythene mulching in groundnut may be popularized on priority
  • Promotion of fodder cultivation in wastelands especially in the States of Rajasthan and Gujarat - Short term and long term measures may be initiated to utilize the wastelands
  • Appropriate policy for long term leasing of water bodies for promotion of inland aquaculture
  • Information on location specific suitability of verities / hybrids for different States may be made available on internet.
nutrient npk usage 2002 distortion leading to stagnation
Nutrient (NPK) Usage (2002) : Distortion leading to stagnation

In 2003-04 : 36 m tons Product/Fertilizer = 18.6 m tons Nutrient (NPK)

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