ESRC Research Methods Festival
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ESRC Research Methods Festival. Using Structural Equation Modelling to re-examine the association between gender and social trust: the search for measurement equivalence Sarah Louise Bulloch Research Student University of Surrey [email protected] ESRC Research Methods Festival.

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Esrc research methods festival

ESRC Research Methods Festival

Using Structural Equation Modelling to re-examine the association between gender and social trust: the search for measurement equivalence

Sarah Louise Bulloch

Research Student

University of Surrey

[email protected]


Esrc research methods festival

ESRC Research Methods Festival

  • Remit of the Research

  • Social and Political Trust project

  • “to apply a range of advanced statistical modelling techniques to the UK's rich secondary data resources to investigate the causes and consequences of social and political trust”

  • Social trust and gender


Esrc research methods festival

ESRC Research Methods Festival

  • Why we might expect gender to be associated with social trust

  • Education

  • (Brehm and Rahn 1997, Uslaner 2002, Li et. al. 2005, Sturgis et. al. 2007)

  • Paid employment

  • (Brehm and Rahn 1997, Glaeser et. al. 1999, Inglehart 1999)

  • Income (Paterson 1999, Uslaner 2002)

  • Political capital (Claibourn and Martin 2000)


Esrc research methods festival

ESRC Research Methods Festival

  • How to explore these associations?

  • European Social Survey

  • 3 Trust Questions:

  • ppltrst: ‘Generally speaking, would you say that most people can be trusted or that you can't be too careful in dealing with people?

  • pplfair: Do you think that most people would try to take advantage of you if they got a chance or would they try to be fair?

  • plhelp: Would you say that most of the time people try to be helpful or are they mostly looking out for themselves?


Esrc research methods festival

ESRC Research Methods Festival

Problem: measurement equivalence of trust across gender

Gender

B

A


Esrc research methods festival

ESRC Research Methods Festival

Measurement equivalence of social trust across gender ESS 04


Esrc research methods festival

ESRC Research Methods Festival

  • Implications and reflections

  • Comparison of mean trust levels is problematic in most countries.

  • Opens new research idea: substantive explanation for differential item functions?

  • SEM approach brought the issue to light

  • But is the method appropriate for the research instrument/ question? Sensitivity of fit measures etc


Esrc research methods festival

ESRC Research Methods Festival

Thank you.

For links to papers from the SAPT project please see http://www.sapt.surrey.ac.uk/resources.htm


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