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Chapter 1. An Invitation to Sociology. Vocabulary. Words and definitions on the study guide are in the same order as the chapter in the book. Sociology . The scientific study of social structure based on facts! Groups not individuals A group, rather than individual PERSPECTIVE

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chapter 1

Chapter 1

An Invitation to Sociology

vocabulary
Vocabulary
  • Words and definitions on the study guide are in the same order as the chapter in the book.
sociology
Sociology
  • The scientific study of social structure based on facts! Groups not individuals
  • A group, rather than individual PERSPECTIVE
    • A particular point of view
      • Drawing activity
  • Sociological perspective - ????
patterns
PATTERNS
  • Every student and teacher has a pattern – creature of habit
  • The patterned interaction of people in social relationships is social structure
  • What are some of your patterns??
why do people conform
Why do people conform?
  • Read pg 10 Why do people conform?
  • “Conformity - Group Speak” video
  • Peer pressure?
  • Society?
  • Religion?
  • Caught in the moment?
    • Penn State video
how do we escape conformity
How do we escape conformity?
  • Sociological imagination – the ability to see the link between society and self
  • Making decisions based on what is best for you at the time and knowing what YOU want.
    • College
      • Values
auguste comte
Auguste Comte

Positivism

Social statics

Social dynamics

herbert spencer
Herbert Spencer

Social Darwinism – not a vocabulary word but be familiar with the concept

karl marx
Karl Marx

Bourgeoisie

Capitalists

Proletariat

Class conflict

max weber
Max Weber

Verstehen

Rationalization

– add both to vocabulary list and be familiar with the usage

theoretical perspective
Theoretical Perspective
  • ADD TO YOUR LIST!
  • Theory
  • A set of assumptions accepted as true
  • Pg 24
the big 3
THE BIG 3

FUNCTIONALISM, CONFLICT PERSPECTIVE, SYMBOLIC INTERACTIONISM

functionalism
Functionalism
  • Approach that emphasizes the contributions made by each part of society
  • Assumes that changes and upheavals in social structure and society will become stable and the norm.
  • A nuclear family after the Industrial Revolution.
dysfunction
Dysfunction
  • Negative aspect of an aspect of society
  • Are there any dysfunctional parts of society that you can think of ??
conflict perspective
Conflict Perspective
  • Approach emphasizing the role of conflict, competition, and constraint within a society
  • Power is the ability to control others
  • Examples of conflict perspective?
symbolic interaction
Symbolic Interaction
  • Symbols are anything that stands for something else and has an agreed upon meaning attached to it
  • Flags? Stoplights? Hand gestures and greetings? Asian culture….
dramaturgy
Dramaturgy
  • Approach that depicts human interaction as theatrical performances
  • Presenting yourself through dress, gestures, tone of voice
  • Teenagers – Awkward stage…
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