Chapter 1
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Chapter 1. An Invitation to Sociology. Vocabulary. Words and definitions on the study guide are in the same order as the chapter in the book. Sociology . The scientific study of social structure based on facts! Groups not individuals A group, rather than individual PERSPECTIVE

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Chapter 1

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Chapter 1

Chapter 1

An Invitation to Sociology


Vocabulary

Vocabulary

  • Words and definitions on the study guide are in the same order as the chapter in the book.


Sociology

Sociology

  • The scientific study of social structure based on facts! Groups not individuals

  • A group, rather than individual PERSPECTIVE

    • A particular point of view

      • Drawing activity

  • Sociological perspective - ????


Patterns

PATTERNS

  • Every student and teacher has a pattern – creature of habit

  • The patterned interaction of people in social relationships is social structure

  • What are some of your patterns??


Why do people conform

Why do people conform?

  • Read pg 10 Why do people conform?

  • “Conformity - Group Speak” video

  • Peer pressure?

  • Society?

  • Religion?

  • Caught in the moment?

    • Penn Statevideo


How do we escape conformity

How do we escape conformity?

  • Sociological imagination – the ability to see the link between society and self

  • Making decisions based on what is best for you at the time and knowing what YOU want.

    • College

      • Values


Auguste comte

Auguste Comte

Positivism

Social statics

Social dynamics


Harriet martineau

Harriet Martineau


Herbert spencer

Herbert Spencer

Social Darwinism – not a vocabulary word but be familiar with the concept


Karl marx

Karl Marx

Bourgeoisie

Capitalists

Proletariat

Class conflict


Emile durkheim

Emile Durkheim


Max weber

Max Weber

Verstehen

Rationalization

– add both to vocabulary list and be familiar with the usage


Jane addams

Jane Addams


William edward burghardt w e b dubois

William Edward BurghardtW.E.B DuBois


Theoretical perspective

Theoretical Perspective

  • ADD TO YOUR LIST!

  • Theory

  • A set of assumptions accepted as true

  • Pg 24


The big 3

THE BIG 3

FUNCTIONALISM, CONFLICT PERSPECTIVE, SYMBOLIC INTERACTIONISM


Functionalism

Functionalism

  • Approach that emphasizes the contributions made by each part of society

  • Assumes that changes and upheavals in social structure and society will become stable and the norm.

  • A nuclear family after the Industrial Revolution.


Dysfunction

Dysfunction

  • Negative aspect of an aspect of society

  • Are there any dysfunctional parts of society that you can think of ??


Conflict perspective

Conflict Perspective

  • Approach emphasizing the role of conflict, competition, and constraint within a society

  • Power is the ability to control others

  • Examples of conflict perspective?


Symbolic interaction

Symbolic Interaction

  • Symbols are anything that stands for something else and has an agreed upon meaning attached to it

  • Flags? Stoplights? Hand gestures and greetings? Asian culture….


Dramaturgy

Dramaturgy

  • Approach that depicts human interaction as theatrical performances

  • Presenting yourself through dress, gestures, tone of voice

  • Teenagers – Awkward stage…


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