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First Along the River Chapter 3. By: Lauren Spier. Chapter 3 The Early 1800s: Destroying the Frontier . During the 1800s, the major concerns of the Americans was settling the West. They believed it was “God’s Bounty” meant for them to use while expanding their nation.

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Chapter 3 the early 1800s destroying the frontier
Chapter 3 The Early 1800s: Destroying the Frontier

  • During the 1800s, the major concerns of the Americans was settling the West.

  • They believed it was “God’s Bounty” meant for them to use while expanding their nation.

  • Reflection their actions was unthinkable.

  • Very few voices spoke out for the preservation of the wilderness (Ex. Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry David Thoreau, and George Catlin)


Manifest destiny
Manifest Destiny

  • In the 1840s, Americans coined the term Manifest Destiny to describe their need to move further West.

  • Large groups of people moved west, some towns growing from 500 to 4,000 in 10 years.

  • As settlers continued to push further and further West, new inventions were used, such as the train, to continue helping the growth.

  • The United States soon acquired new states, such as Texas, Alaska, New Mexico, and California.

  • Urbanization grew because of higher immigration.


Domesticating the wilderness
Domesticating the Wilderness

  • Many of the native North American plants were quickly over taken by the European plants.

  • Much of the timber along the trails was taken and used, creating massive shortages.

  • Many native animals were killed for their pelts, or because they destroyed the settlers crops.

  • The American Bison was driven to near extinction because it was killed for sport as well as food.

  • Many other animals were driven off the plains to make room for the cattle and swine being moved onto it.

  • Wild stallions were also killed because they impregnated valuable mares, and ate the nearby grasslands.


Final conquest of the west
Final Conquest of the West

  • After the Civil War, the United States government became involved in Westward expansion.

  • The government began to remove the Native Americans, who “stood in the way of progress”.

  • The Trans-Continental railroad was the biggest achievement of sponsored expansion west.

  • Land was given to settlers with certain government policies, but ranchers and timber companies took advantage of the loosely enforced policies.

  • A new invention, barbed wire, was starting to partition up the frontier.

  • Most believed the resources of the West were inexhaustible, and did not think about the consequences of their actions.


Renewed interest in nature
Renewed Interest in Nature

  • The romantic era helped bring about a renewal in nature.

  • Many different people, using different methods such as writing and painting drew attention back to nature.

  • The arguments of people such as Henry David Thoreau and Ralph Waldo Emerson helped shape the environmental movement.

  • George Catlin’s argument helped initiated the idea for National Parks.

Oil Painting 1 By: George Catlin


Sources
Sources

  • http://www.sjlshots.com/tag/barbed-wire/

  • http://bubblelibrary.blogspot.com/2011/05/when-were-american-bison-almost-wiped.html

  • http://www.mitchellteachers.net/USHistory/WestwardMigration/ManifestDestinyandSettlingtheWestLesson.html

  • http://ppaintinga.com/george-catlin-paintings/


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