Climate Change Adaptation: Crop Choice
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Climate Change Adaptation: Crop Choice. Crop Choice. As climate changes, net revenues of plants change Crops move along their climate response function Crop Models often assume no response despite falling productivity. Farmer’s Switch Crops.

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Climate Change Adaptation: Crop Choice

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Climate change adaptation crop choice

Climate Change Adaptation: Crop Choice


Crop choice

Crop Choice

  • As climate changes, net revenues of plants change

    • Crops move along their climate response function

  • Crop Models often assume no response despite falling productivity


Farmer s switch crops

Farmer’s Switch Crops

  • With warming, current crop becomes ineffective, and farmers switch to a more warm loving crop

  • Similarly, as precipitation rises or falls, farmers switch to new crop more suited for new condition


African crops vs temperature

African Crops vs Temperature


African livestock vs precipitation

African Livestock vs Precipitation


Climate change adaptation crop choice

How can you determine how farmers in your country will adapt?

Look at choices that they are making now in current climate.

See how these choices change depending on local climate.

Build model of crop choice.

Farmer Crop Mix

Climate (temperature and precipitation)


Climate change adaptation crop choice

Key Assumptions

Climate is exogenous

Farmer cannot change climate at farm

Farmers doing what is in their “best interest”

Maximize their net benefits

Farmer’s crop choice is best choice given local conditions.


Data needed

Data Needed

  • Crop choices of each farmer

  • Climate and soil of each farm

  • Economic variables such as access to markets

  • Size of farm


Estimation

Estimation

  • Logit for single crop

  • Pr=exp(BX)/(1-exp(BX))

  • Multinomial logit for multiple crops

  • Pr (Yi)=exp(BiXi)/[1+∑exp(BjXj)]


Climate change adaptation crop choice

Hands-on Exercise

Sample: 8,000+ farmers across China

Key Questions

1) How does climate affect the choice to grow rice?

2) How does climate affect all crop choices in China?

Major Method(s):

1) Logit

2) Multinomial logit regression


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