FGFR3 and Bladder Cancer. Amy Fair March 29, 2005 Biol 169. Overview. Family of receptor tyrosine kinases. FGF’s enhance proliferation of both epithelial and mesenchymal cells Also regulate cell migration & differentiation,
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March 29, 2005
both epithelial and mesenchymal cells
Frequency of one in 10,000–100,000 births.
In 99% of cases- caused by a mutation of amino-acid 380 in FGF-receptor-3.
The mutation is dominant.
Almost all cases are due to new, independently occurring mutations.
The defect in FGF signaling causes dwarfism by interfering with the growth of cartilage in developing long bones.Dwarfism