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Tajweed Course. Rules for letter Mim م. Leeds Makkah Masjid www.MakkahMasjid.co.uk. Mim Mushaddad – ميم مشدّد. Like Noon Mushaddad, Mim Mushaddad is pronounced with Ghunnah. Mim Sakin Rules - مْ. 3 rules for Mim Sakin

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Tajweed course
Tajweed Course

Rules for letter Mim م

Leeds Makkah Masjid

www.MakkahMasjid.co.uk


Mim mushaddad
Mim Mushaddad – ميم مشدّد

  • Like Noon Mushaddad, Mim Mushaddad is pronounced with Ghunnah


Mim sakin rules
Mim Sakin Rules - مْ

3 rules for Mim Sakin

Mim sakin (مْ) is read in three different ways according to the letter followed by the Mim sakin:

Mim Sakin

Izhar

(Clear sound)

Ikhfa

(Hidden sound)

Idgham

(Merged sound)


Mim sakin rules1
Mim Sakin Rules - مْ

Mim Idgham rule - شفويالادغام

  • If Mim Mutaharik (مَِ) is followed by Mim Sakin(مْ), merge them together and read with Ghunnah:

‏Mim Mutaharik

‏Mim Sakin

أمْ مَن‌‌ْ

This merging is called

Idgham - ادغام

Merge both

Mims together

أمَّنْ


Mim sakin rules2
Mim Sakin Rules - مْ

Mim Idgham examples:

وَلَكُمْ مَّا كَسَبْتُمْ

إِن كُنتُمْ مُّؤْمِنِينَ

مِمَّن تَرْضَوْنَ

وَإِن كُنتُمْ مَّرْضَى


Mim sakin rules3
Mim Sakin Rules - مْ

Mim Ikhfa rule - شفويالاخفاء:

  • If Ba ب comes after Mim sakin (in two separate words), the pronunciation of Mim will be concealed/hidden with Ghunnah:

After Mim Sakin, next letter is Ba

Mim Sakin

رَبَّهُمْ بِهِمْ

Hide the sound

of Mim


Mim sakin rules4
Mim Sakin Rules - مْ

How to perform Mim Ikhfa?

  • Close the lips to pronounce letter Mim

  • Perform Ghunnah

  • Open the lips to pronounce letter Ba


Mim sakin rules5
Mim Sakin Rules - مْ

Mim Ikhfa examples:

وَمَا هُمْ بِمُؤْمِنِينَ

وَمَا هُمْ بِخَارِجِينَ مِنَ النَّارِ

يُحَاسِبْكُمْ بِهِ اللّهُ

بَعْضُكُمْ بَعْضً

Note: Mim Ikhfa only occurs in two separate words


Mim sakin rules6
Mim Sakin Rules - مْ

Mim Izhar rule - شفويالاظهار:

  • If any other letter (other than ب and م) comes after Mim sakin, pronounce the Mim sakin clearly (without any Ghunnah):

The next letter is NOT ب or م

Mim Sakin

الْحَمْدُ للّهِ

Make the sound

of Mim clear


Mim sakin rules7
Mim Sakin Rules - مْ

Mim Izhar examples:

بَيْنَكُمْ فَلَيْسَ عَلَيْكُمْ جُنَاحٌ

ذَلِكُمْ أَقْسَطُ عِندَ اللّهِ

فَلْيُمْلِلْ وَلِيُّهُ

فَلَكُمْ رُؤُوسُ


Mim sakin rules8
Mim Sakin Rules - مْ

Practice text:

Identify Mim Izhar

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ سَوَاءٌ عَلَيْهِمْ أَأَنذَرْتَهُمْ أَمْ لَمْ تُنذِرْهُمْ لاَ يُؤْمِنُونَ

Identify Mim Ikhfa, Idgham and Izhar

فِي قُلُوبِهِم مَّرَضٌ فَزَادَهُمُ اللّهُ مَرَضاً وَلَهُم عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ بِمَا كَانُوا يَكْذِبُونَ

Identify Mim Idgham and Izhar

يَجْعَلُونَ أَصَابِعَهُمْ فِي آذَانِهِم مِّنَ الصَّوَاعِقِ حَذَرَ الْمَوْتِ


Mim sakin rules9
Mim Sakin Rules - مْ

  • Mim Izhar rule is easy because we always read Mim sakin clearly (whether we know the Mim Izhar rule or not).

  • Mim Idgham rule is also easy because we put Shaddah sign on Mim (مّ) to indicate the idgham.

  • Care should be taken for Mim Ikhfa rule because we do not use any sign to indicate Mim Ikhfa


3 mim sakin rules
3 Mim Sakin Rules - مْ

Mim sakin (مْ) is read in three different ways according to the letter followed by the Mim sakin:

Mim Sakin

Izhar

(Clear sound)

Ikhfa

(Hidden sound)

Idgham

(Merged sound)

All the letters except Ba

and Mim

Letter Ba ب comes

after Mim Sakin

Mim Mutaharik م comes

after Mim Sakin


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