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Reducing Emissions from All Land Uses (REALU) - a whole landscape approach to reducing emissions. Florence Bernard, Peter Minang, Meine van Noordwijk, Elizabeth Kahurani (ASB Partnership, Nairobi, Kenya; [email protected] ). Why REALU?.

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Reducing Emissions from All Land Uses (REALU) -

a whole landscape approach to reducing emissions

Florence Bernard, Peter Minang, Meine van Noordwijk, Elizabeth Kahurani

(ASB Partnership, Nairobi, Kenya; [email protected])

Why REALU?

Figure 1. Emissions captured and part of land cover change matrix included in the accounts under different REDD scenarios

REALU looks beyond REDD+ to a possible and fair inclusion of all transitions in land cover (trees outside forest, agroforestry systems and community-based forest management) that can achieve carbon storage and emissions avoided.

  • REALU recognizes REDD+ but tries to address

  • the challenges of REDD+ as follows:

  • The absence of a globally agreed definition of ‘Forest’ will impede implementation of REDD or REDD+

  • Drivers of deforestation are largely outside the forests and are not addressed within REDD+

  • Current REDD+ construction ignores high potential emissions reduction and sequestration in other land use

  • REDD+ as just a partial accounting of land use is challenged by cross-scale issues such as additionality, leakage, and permanence

RED = Reducing emissions from (gross) deforestation: only changes from ‘forest’ to ‘non-forest’ land cover types are included, and details very much depend on the operational definition of ‘forest’

How different is REALU from REDD+?

Figure 2. The four pillars that support a whole-landscape agenda for carbon management

  • REALU towards the ultimate goal of adaptative sustainable livelihoods and climate resilience

  • The REALU architecture consists of four pillars addressing

  • specific land uses and sectors:

  • Reducing forest-based emissions (REDD)

  • Reducing emissions from peat (REPeat)

  • Restocking land through trees and soil carbon (REStock)

  • Reducing emissions from agricultural greenhouse gasses (REAGG)

  • Emission reduction outside of Annex-I countries needs to be

  • based on principles or foundation stones:

  • National sovereignty within differentiated global responsibility.

  • Respect of rights of indigenous people and rules for free and prior informed consent.

  • Integrity of global accounting systems.

REDD = idem, + (forest) degradation, or the shifts to lower C-stock densities within the forest; details very much depend on the operational definition of ‘forest’

REDD+ = idem, + restocking within and towards ‘forest’ ; in some versions RED+ will also include peatlands, regardless of their forest status ; details still depend on the operational definition of ‘forest’

REDD++ = REALU = idem, + all transitions in land cover that affect C storage, whether peatland or mineral soil, trees-outside-forest, agroforest, plantations or natural forest. It does not depend on the operational definition of ‘forest’

Linking REALU and NAMAs: example of Indonesia ’s emission reduction efforts

  • NAMAs combine a set of actions necessary to facilitate the transition to low-carbon growth for different sectors of the economy, including agriculture and forestry. With NAMA, all land uses qualify for emission reduction, regardless of forest definition.

  • Indonesia hopes that combining NAMA with international co-investment, it can achieve a further emission reduction of 15% (in addition to its 2020 emission reduction goal by 26% without reliance on foreign co-investment).

  • REALU is land-based NAMAs as it considers Emissions from all land uses, therefore it is a first step at NAMAs from a land use sense.


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