Ch 5 the duties and responsibilities of citizenship
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Ch. 5 The Duties and Responsibilities of Citizenship. Duties and Responsiblities. A Citizen’s Legal Duties. Each of us belongs to many communities: - neighborhood - town, city - school - church - state - country

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Ch 5 the duties and responsibilities of citizenship

Ch. 5 The Duties and Responsibilities of Citizenship

Duties and Responsiblities

A citizen s legal duties
A Citizen’s Legal Duties

  • Each of us belongs to many communities:

    - neighborhood

    - town, city

    - school

    - church

    - state

    - country

  • As community members, we have many responsibilities – things we should do or obligations that we fulfill voluntarily

A citizen s legal duties1
A Citizen’s Legal Duties

  • As citizens, we also have duties – things we are required to do.

  • We must fulfill duties required by national, state, and local governments or face fines or imprisonment.


  • Obey the Law

    • Serve specific purposes, such as to help people get along, prevent accidents, and see that resources are used fairly

  • Pay Taxes

    - Government uses tax moneyto pay police, pave roads, and maintain armed forces. People pay a percentage of what they bring in, or on the sale of goods or even property.


  • Defend the Nation

    - In the U.S. all men aged 18-25 must register with the government in case the country needs to draft, or call up men for military service; today military service is voluntary.

  • Serve in Court

    - Every adult citizen must be prepared to serve on a jury or as a witness at a trial if called to do so.


  • Attend School

    - Most states require young people to attend school until the age of 16.

Civic responsibilities
Civic Responsibilities

  • Be Informed

    - Know what the government is doing so that you can voice your opinion.

    - People can learn about issues and leaders by reading print publications, listening to news on the radio or T.V., talking o people, and searching the internet

    - Be aware of your rights

Civic responsibilities1
Civic Responsibilities

  • Speak Up and Vote

    - Remember, the government exists to serve you, but you must make your concerns known.

    - Calling, writing, or sending e-mails to your elected representatives; joining political parties; working for a cause

    - VOTE

Civic responsibilities2
Civic Responsibilities

  • Respect Other’s Rights

    - people must respect public property and the property of others.

    - vandalizing and littering are not only disrespectful but also a crime.

Civic responsibilities3
Civic Responsibilities

  • Respect Diversity

    - Although we may disagree with people or disapprove of their lifestyles, these people have an equal right to their beliefs and practices

    - Tolerance means respecting and accepting others, regardless of their beliefs, practices, or differences.

    - Diversity in our country is a strength, all citizens are equal and entitled to be treated the same.

Civic responsibilities4
Civic Responsibilities

  • Contribute to the Common Good

    - Contributing time, effort, and money to help others and to improve the community life.

    - Be an active participant in your community

Citizens and the community
Citizens and the Community

  • Americans do volunteer work to help make their communities better places to live.

  • A community is a group of people who share the same interests and concerns.

  • Many volunteers today are students between grades 6-12.

Citizens and the community1
Citizens and the Community

  • Government at all levels, provide many needs for the people, but resources are limited.

  • Governments are bureaucracies – complex systems with many departments, rules, and people in the chain of command.

  • This often makes it difficult for government to respond quickly to social problems.

Citizens and the community2
Citizens and the Community

  • Good citizens of this country are concerned about the welfare – the health, prosperity, and happiness of all members of the community.

  • Some people participate in the community by leading a scout troop; others mentor school children; visit nursing homes; and collecting canned goods. Ex. PTA

Citizens and the community3
Citizens and the Community

  • Volunteerism is the practice of offering your time and services to others without payment.

  • Instead of their time, many Americans contribute money to charity

  • In 2005, people gave more than $250 billion to charity. Average 2% of their income.

  • Most came from average individual citizens, some came from large corporations.

Citizens and the community4
Citizens and the Community

  • Many companies believe in giving back to the community.

  • Ex. sponsoring a recreational sports team, donating prizes for community fund-raisers, contributing to college scholarships to students

  • Ex. Bentonville, Arkansas – Wal-Mart

Citizens and the community5
Citizens and the Community

  • When it comes to volunteering, people are more likely to participate when they feel a personal connection to a cause or know others involved ex. PTA

  • There are more than 1 million registered charities with the federal government; many are small and locally based.

  • All are dependant on ordinary people giving their time.

Citizens and the community6
Citizens and the Community

  • More than half of all U.S. middle schools and high schools now arrange community service for students from 6-12 grade.

  • Several hundred school districts now require high school students to volunteer a set number of hours to earn a graduation diploma.

Citizens and the community7
Citizens and the Community

  • The federal government has created national volunteer programs:

  • 1961, John F. Kennedy challenged Americans to fight poverty, disease, and war in the poorest corners of the world.

  • Established the Peace Corps which now has 180,000 members in 138 countries.

  • Includes advising farmers, teaching children, vaccinations against disease, etc.

Citizens and the community8
Citizens and the Community

  • AmeriCorps was established in 1993. 50,000 Americans participate.

  • Domestically help disaster victims, clean up polluted rivers, assist individuals with disabilities.

  • In exchange, people receive a small living allowance and money to help pay for college.

Citizens and the community9
Citizens and the Community

  • Senior Corps established in 1965, is a volunteer program for people aged 55 and older. Consists of 3 main programs:

    - Foster grandparents for children with special needs

    - Senior companions for other seniors

    - The Retired and Senior Volunteer Program (meals on wheels) or other neighborhood activities

Citizens and the community10
Citizens and the Community

  • USA Freedom Corps was a new program implemented by George W. Bush which brought together all three programs:

    Peace Corps, AmeriCorps, Senior Corps

  • Meant to focus on three areas of need:

    - responding to national emergencies

    - rebuilding our communities

    - extending American compassion around the world

Citizens and the community11
Citizens and the Community

  • By banding together, we truly serve ourselves.

  • The benefits of volunteering:

    - make our communities better places to live

    - gain opportunities to learn, make friends, improve skills

    - gain the satisfaction of knowing that a difference has been made in someone else’s life.