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An Evaluation of Effective Structures for Campus Sustainability Programs At Institutions of Higher Education. Lauren Edmonds Dr. John Swaddle. Sustainability in Higher Education. Increasing number of campus sustainability “programs” of every shape & size.

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Lauren edmonds dr john swaddle

An Evaluation of Effective Structures for Campus Sustainability Programs At Institutions of Higher Education

Lauren Edmonds

Dr. John Swaddle


Sustainability in higher education

Sustainability in Higher Education

  • Increasing number of campus sustainability “programs” of every shape & size

Number of Sustainability Officer Positions Created, data from AASHE


Lauren edmonds dr john swaddle

Goal

  • To identify the institutional structures most strongly associated with positive campus sustainability outcomes in order to recommend feasible, sustainable solutions to The College of William and Mary


Research approach

Research Approach

  • Comparative case study

  • Case selection

  • Brandeis University

  • Clemson University

  • Rutgers University

  • University of California – Irvine

  • University of California – Santa Barbara

  • University of Georgia

  • University of New Hampshire

  • Wake Forest University

  • Virginia Military Institute

  • Virginia Polytechnic Institute and University


Research approach1

Research Approach

  • Data collection

    • Interviews

    • Further research


Data analysis

Data Analysis

  • Variable Identification

    • Institutional make-up

    • Programmatic characteristics

    • Involvement and initiation

    • Funding

    • Participation in sector-wide organizations/commitments

  • Variable Measurement


Data analysis1

Data Analysis

  • Measuring Outcomes

    • Recalculated SEI Green Score

      For the College of William and Mary


Results

Results


Principal component analysis

Principal Component Analysis


Quantitative analysis

Quantitative Analysis

  • Principal Component 1

    • + student involvement

    • + relative funding

    • + reliability of funding

    • + bottom-up initiation

    • + physical space

    • + program size

    • + participation in STARS

  • Principal Component 2

    • + faculty involvement

    • + existence of planning documents

  • Principal Component 3

    • + enrollment

    • - top-down initiation

    • + bottom-up initiation


Qualitative analysis

Qualitative Analysis

  • Brandeis University

  • Clemson University

  • University of New Hampshire

  • Rutgers University

  • Virginia Military Institute

  • Virginia Tech

  • Wake Forest University

  • The College of William and Mary


The college of william mary

The College of William & Mary


The college of william mary1

Green Fee instituted

Sustainability Fellowship created

Committee on Sustainability created

The College of William & Mary


Qualitative support of principal component 1

Qualitative Support of Principal Component 1


Qualitative support of principal component 2

Qualitative Support of Principal Component 2


Qualitative support of principal component 3

Qualitative Support of Principal Component 3


Qualitative support of variables not in principal components

Qualitative Support of Variables Not in Principal Components


Discussion

Discussion

  • Characteristics of Most Effective Institutional Structures

    • High levels of funding

    • Reliable funding

    • Large program size

    • Dedicated physical space

    • Bottom-up initiation


Discussion1

Discussion

  • Unrelated characteristics:

    • Scope

    • Age


Broader implications

Broader Implications

  • Application to develop recommendations for institutions of higher education

  • Potential for future research


Acknowledgments

Acknowledgments

  • My interview participants

  • My advisor, Dr. John Swaddle

  • My thesis committee, Dr. David Feldman and Dr. Randy Chambers

  • The Committee on Sustainability and the Student Environmental Action Coalition at William & Mary

  • My friends and family


Lauren edmonds dr john swaddle

Questions?

For questions on my research:Lauren Edmonds, [email protected] questions on the WM Sustainability Program:www.wm.edu/sustainabilitySarah Hanke, [email protected]


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