Intro to Hinduism. The world’s oldest religion?. Key questions: Hinduism. Where did Hinduism originate? Who founded Hinduism? What is the goal or ultimate reality according to Hinduism?. Basics of Hinduism. Originated in India
Intro to Hinduism
The world’s oldest religion?
Dates back to 1500 BCE and many consider it the oldest religion in the world – nearly 4000 years old
From 2500 BCE to 1500 BCE
Sanskrit writings – the Rig Veda
Additional lessons are in texts written later called the Brahmanas and the Upanishads
As well, there are 2 great epics that help spread Hindu ideals and guidelines for moral conduct amongst the masses;
During this era the Vedas were seen as intended for only the upper castes while the epics were for the masses.
Hindus believe that each of us has a soul, called atman.
A famous Hindu philosopher (AdiShankara) wrote that each of our souls contains a piece of God, just like the drops of water each contain a tiny amount of the ocean. The quest in Hinduism can be understood as the search for this piece of God inside each of us.
The diversity and tolerance within Hinduism can be seen as: “Truth is one, paths are many.”
Shri Ramakrishna, quoted in Prabhavananda (1836-1886)
Categorizing the religion of Hinduism can be confusing:
-is the supreme being-entity without form or quality-soul of universe-divine, invisible, unlimited
Vishnu’s avatars appear on earth as humans or animals to conquer evil and establish righteousness7th- Rama
9th- Siddhartha Gautama (Buddha)
According to Hindu faith the 10th, Kalki, has yet to appear. He will come at the end of this epoch to assist in the return to righteousness.
Son of Shiva and Parvati
Human body and an elephant’s head with only one short tusk
Worshipped as the remover of all obstacles
Milk Miracle – Sept. 25, 1995
“For those who believe, an explanation is unnecessary.
For those, who don’t believe, an explanation
-St. Bernadette of Lourdes
Beliefs and Goals
Hinduism differs from Christianity and other monotheistic religions in that it does not have:
Around the World in 80 Faiths
Episode 6/ 8, BBC 2009