Centralisation versus decentralisation and student participation
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Centralisation versus decentralisation and student participation. Antoon Boon Rector’s Office + Educational Policy Unit. Rector’s Office. 29/11/2005. Institutional background.

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Centralisation versus decentralisation and student participation l.jpg

Centralisation versus decentralisation and student participation

Antoon BoonRector’s Office + Educational Policy Unit

Rector’s Office

29/11/2005


Institutional background l.jpg
Institutional background participation

  • K.U. Leuven: process towards decentralisation since 2001 :- central level : responsible for general policies;- new decision making and coordination level : groups of faculties;- executive level : faculties/departments

Rector’s Office

29/11/2005


Legal background l.jpg
Legal background participation

  • Decree (= Law) of 19 March 2004 concerning students’ rights, participation in higher education and…

  • Each institution has to choose between one of the following models :- co-decision;- concertation.

Rector’s Office

29/11/2005


Legal background4 l.jpg
Legal background participation

  • Co-decision model :(representatively elected) students have the right to be a member in each body taking decisions concerning :1° strategic policy of the institution :a) enlargement, scaling down or closing of institution or important part thereof;b) closing of cooperationships with other institutions; devolution of competencies to other institutions or organisation of decentralised structures.c) the programming of educational programmes ;2° the general educational policy, in particular educational innovation and improvement;3° research policy ;4° internationalisation policy ;5° policy concerning allocation of budgets.

Rector’s Office

29/11/2005


Legal background5 l.jpg
Legal background participation

  • Co-decision model :(representatively elected) students have the right to be a member in each body taking decisions concerning in particular :1° regulations concerning students’ rights and the educational and examination regulations;2° the levels of student fees and the spending proposals;3° initiatives of student counseling;4° regulations of international student mobility;5° organisation of academic year, including holidays.

Rector’s Office

29/11/2005


Legal background6 l.jpg
Legal background participation

  • Concertation model :a) university/institution has the obligation to consult with representatives of the student body concerning the same topics as determined for codecision at least once a year;b) for the more specific topics (second list above) formal concertation has to be done between university management and student body;c) for the more general topics student body has the right to formulate advise; university management has to reply formally and motivate if it doesn’t take advise into account

Rector’s Office

29/11/2005


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Organisational chart participationcentral level

Rector’s Office

29/11/2005


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Organisational chart participationcentral level

Board of Management = Executive Bureau + Persons not belonging to the university (2005 onwards : + representatives of students)

Academic Council = Executive Bureau + Deans + Representatives of professors, assistents, students and administrative personnel

Executive Bureau : rector, general manager, vice-rectors (4) and vice-presidents (at most 3) (2005 onwards : + representative of students)

Rector’s Office

29/11/2005


Organisational chart relation central decentral before 2005 l.jpg
Organisational chart participation relation central-decentral before 2005

Board of Management

- Academic Council

- Executive Bureau

Faculties

  • Council (i.e. general parliament with all professors; representatives of assistents, students)

  • Bureau (dean, small selection of professors, possibility to invite assistents or students for matters concerning them)

  • Departments (with council and bureau) coordinating research matters;

  • Permanent educational committees (with programme director)

Rector’s Office

29/11/2005


Organisational chart central decentral since 2005 l.jpg
Organisational chart participation central-decentral since 2005

Board of Management

- Academic Council

- Executive Bureau

Groups

  • Executive Committee (vice-rector, deans of faculties and small selection of professors (elected or because of their function); representatives of assistents and students

  • Council (dean; representatives of professors (heads of departments or elected), assistents and students) : controlling function

  • If need be : General assembly (dean, all professors, representatives of assistents and students) : controlling

Rector’s Office

29/11/2005


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Organisational chart participation central-decentral since 2005

Group executive committee

- Council

- General assembly

Faculties (responsible for education; research in humanities) and departments (responsible for research in exact and biomedical sciences)

  • Executive bureau

  • Eventually council (with reduced power : controlling agency)

  • Permanent educational committees (with programme director)

Rector’s Office

29/11/2005


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Working principles : e.g. education participation

  • Academic Council :- central policies (e.g. : bachelor-master reform; quality assurance system; flexibilisation of curricula);- final approval of concrete programme proposals by faculties (until 2005); final approval of programme proposals by groups (from 2005 onwards);

  • Group executive committee :- proposals for educational programmes (over faculties and groups) (from 2005 onwards);- approval of concrete proposals by faculties (from 2005 onwards);

  • Faculties :- proposals for educational programmes- concrete implementation

Rector’s Office

29/11/2005


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Organisation : administrative participation support (e.g. education)

Rector’s Office

29/11/2005


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Organisation : advisory structures participation (e.g. education)

Rector’s Office

29/11/2005


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relation central and decentral participationnew “external factor”

  • K.U. Leuven association

Rector’s Office

29/11/2005


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relation central and decentral participationinfluence association

  • Central level : - policy making (e.g. agreement on profiles of programmes serving for students willing to start academic masters after professional bachelor programmes);- approval in concrete situations :(e.g. approval of new educational programmes must be agreed on within association)

Rector’s Office

29/11/2005


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relation central and decentral participationinfluence association

  • decentral level : - policy making (e.g. development of new programmes : influence of partners);- approval in concrete situations :(e.g. negotations on content and size of step up programmes through working committees)

Rector’s Office

29/11/2005


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Organisational chart participation conclusions

  • One university

  • One central policy

  • Many realities

Rector’s Office

29/11/2005


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Organisational chart participation - student participation

  • University and students have chosen for co-decision model (less bureaucratic)

  • Students are represented by elected representatives at each level of the university (board of management -> academic council -> group structures -> faculty level)

  • As co-managers students have agreed upon discretion concerning personal matters

Rector’s Office

29/11/2005


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Organisational chart participation - student participation

  • Two “exceptions” on co-decision practice :- in agreement students can decide not to participate on certain person-related decisions;- for each decision body, other members (students excluded) can decide to prepare meeting separately

Rector’s Office

29/11/2005


Organisational chart conclusions student participation l.jpg
Organisational chart participation conclusions student participation

  • Leuven was lagging behind in student participation :a) state organised universities : participation was already obligatory;b) “free” universities (although subsidised equally) : freedom of organisation guaranteed by constitution, but most had already implemented participation at most levels

  • From 2005 onwards students are full members at all important decision levels

Rector’s Office

29/11/2005


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