Totalitarianism
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Totalitarianism. a.k.a., The Rise of Dictators after World War I. A. The Lost Generation. but also to the living who survived the war but were still lost . The name given to the young people who came of age during World War I. It referred not just to the dead, .

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Totalitarianism

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Totalitarianism

Totalitarianism

a.k.a., The Rise of Dictators after World War I


A the lost generation

A. The Lost Generation

but also to the living who survived the war but were still lost.

The name given to the young people who came of age during World War I.

It referred not just to the dead,


A the lost generation cont

A. The Lost Generation (cont.)

The living suffered from a loss of faith in many traditional things:

1) God.

2) Country.

3) Mankind.


A the lost generation cont1

A. The Lost Generation (cont.)

In Italy, Germany and Russia, several factors contributed to the rise of charismatic dictators:

1) Loss of faith.

2) Economic destruction.

3) Dissatisfaction with theTreaty of Versailles.


A the lost generation cont2

A. The Lost Generation (cont.)

Suffering, angry people were vulnerable to the promises and rants of those who wanted power.

Having lost faith in traditional institutions, they were hungry for something new to believe in.


B features of totalitarianism

B. Features of Totalitarianism

One-party dictatorship

All other parties outlawed.

No competitive elections.

Hardship demands unity.


Totalitarianism

Italy

Soviet Union

Germany

Communist

Party

Nazi Party

Fascist Party


B features of totalitarianism1

B. Features of Totalitarianism

2) All-powerful leader

  • Head of the party has total power.

  • Worshipped in “cult of personality.”

  • Defying him comes at a high price.


Totalitarianism

Adolf Hitler

Benito

Mussolini

Josef Stalin


B features of totalitarianism2

B. Features of Totalitarianism

No individual rights

A luxury we can’t afford.

Causes disunity; stops progress.

Focus is on obedience & sacrifice for the good of the whole.


B features of totalitarianism3

B. Features of Totalitarianism

Use of propaganda

Govt controls all media outlets.

“Big Lie” technique.

Akin to brainwashing.


B features of totalitarianism4

B. Features of Totalitarianism

Use of violence

Opposition is swiftly silenced.

People are scared into submission.

Controls word of mouth.


B features of totalitarianism5

B. Features of Totalitarianism

Promise of an ideal society

Utopia in exchange for sacrifice.

“Carrot & stick” approach.

Offers hope to suffering, vulnerable people.


Totalitarianism

World domination by the “master race.”

Createa “classless”

society.

Rebuild the

Roman

Empire.


B features of totalitarianism6

B. Features of Totalitarianism

Scapegoating

Provide angry people with a common enemy.

Quickest way to build unity.

Allows the many to put blame on the few.


Totalitarianism

“Inferior” races.

(i.e., non-Germans)

Communists.

The propertied

classes.


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