Lesson 37 subjunctive
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Lesson 37 Subjunctive. First Aorist Act. & Mid. Subjunctive. No augment s Same endings as Pres. Subj. Short vowel at end of stem lengthens. Stems ending in mute consonants “volatilize” (see # 218).

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Lesson 37 Subjunctive

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Lesson 37 subjunctive

Lesson 37Subjunctive


First aorist act mid subjunctive

First Aorist Act. & Mid. Subjunctive

  • No augment

  • s

  • Same endings as Pres. Subj.

  • Short vowel at end of stem lengthens.

  • Stems ending in mute consonants “volatilize” (see # 218).

  • Difference between Pres. Subj. and Aor. Subj. is not time but kind of action (durative vs. punctiliar).


Uses of subjunctive

Uses of Subjunctive

  • Purpose – i[na – “in order that one may…” (# 167).

  • Hortatory – 1st pl. – “Let us…” (# 174).

  • Deliberative – question – “What are we to do?” (# 194).

  • 3rd class condition – eva,n w/ subj. + fut. ind. (or other) – Condition undetermined but with prospect of determination - “If he comes, he will conquer.” (# 212)

  • Prohibition – mh, + aor. subj. – prohibition of action not yet begun – “Do not begin to…” (# 317).

    (Prohibition of continuing an action already begun requires Pres. Imperative.)


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