Time series skyline and employment changes in sydney australia
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Time series skyline and employment changes in Sydney, Australia. Dr Jun TSUTSUMI (Ehime University, Japan) Dr Bruno PAROLIN (University of New South Wales, Australia ) Correspondence to : [email protected] Colour version of our paper is available online:

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Time series skyline and employment changes in Sydney, Australia

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Time series skyline and employment changes in Sydney, Australia

DrJun TSUTSUMI (Ehime University, Japan)

Dr Bruno PAROLIN (University of New South Wales, Australia)

Correspondence to : [email protected]

Colour version of our paper is available online:

http://www.gis.h.ehime-u.ac.jp/hp/Tsutsumi_Parolin_Sydney_2011.pdf


Built Year

North

Circular Quay

Darling Harbour

China

Town

Google Earth

Drawn by GIS

Source: Sydney City Office


Sydney’s Changing Role From National Centre to Global Centre

  • 3/4 of Australian banks have headquarters (HQ) in Sydney

  • 2/3 of multinational corporations have Asia-Pacific Regional HQs in Sydney

  • 60 multinational corporations set up Asia-Pacific regional HQs in Sydney in the late '90s

    • More than 4 times the total for any other Australian or New Zealand cities

  • Sydney captured the "Lion’s Share" as a result of a “world-city” growth process


  • Objectives

    • To consider the urban structural change in Sydney

      especially focusing on both:

      • building provision process in the CBD

      • building use in the CBD

  • Data

    • GIS attribute data provided by the Sydney City Office

    • General statistics of Australian Bureau of Statistics

    • Customisedcensus data of ABS "Table Builder"

    • Various reports of Sydney City Office available on line


Annual increase rates of employment in Sydney (1991-2006)

Source: ABS

Data for "FIRE" is created by summing numbers in the census TSP categories "Financial & Insurance services” and "Rental, hiring & Real Estate services."


"English rate" in Sydney 1996 - 2006

Source: ABS


Built Year

  • Older age buildings concentrate in the area close to Circular Quay

  • Expansion in the '70s and '80s along Pitt and George streets

  • Newerbuildings are dominant around Darling Harbour Precinct

Source: Sydney City Office


Office

  • Affordable office spaces are limited

    • Sydney's CBD is located in a narrow strip

  • Newly emerging industries (e.g. IT and media) dispersed into neighbouringareas

    • Multi-nuclei metropolitan structure emerged

  • Office spaces are more likely to be dedicated for "FIRE"

Source: Sydney City Office


Residential

  • "Condo-boom" is common in the Darling HarbourPrecinct

  • Many high-rise self-contained condominiums adjacent to the CBD

    • Offering young professional people "city living"

Source: Sydney City Office


Restaurant and cafés

  • Restaurants and cafés are limited in areas

  • They are dominant only in commercial precincts

    • Circular Quay

    • Pitt street mall

    • China town

    • Darling Harbour

  • The rate is not high in newer buildings

  • These buildings were designed for promoting mixed-use rather than single purpose use

Source: Sydney City Office


Floor space trend in Sydney

N=102

N=137

Source: Sydney City Office


Discussion: Where do gentrifiers live?

  • “Condo-boom” has attracted many “gentrifiers” in the world.

  • They are described as “financiers”, “IT-related workers”, “rising class”, “young professionals”, “dinks” and “high income workers,” etc.

  • What types of people become “new comers” to Sydney?

  • We focused on “FIRE” people as the representative of “gentrifiers”.


Share of people who work in “FIRE”

  • High shares are obvious within 5 km radius from the CBD

Source: Sydney City Office


Number of people who work in “FIRE”

Source: Sydney City Office


Concluding Remarks

  • Preferred areas by "FIRE" are not limited to the narrow extent of the CBD

  • What's found in this study seems different from those of previous studies in London and New York

  • Those questions remain unanswered

    • Who is the new comer?

    • Where do labeled "gentrifiers" live in Sydney?

    • What's the difference between Sydney and other "world cities?"


Thank you for your attention

[email protected]

Colour version of our paper is available online:

http://www.gis.h.ehime-u.ac.jp/hp/Tsutsumi_Parolin_Sydney_2011.pdf

My previous papers are available online:

http://www.h.ehime-u.ac.jp/~jtsu/

(in English)


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