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Origins of the Cold War. April 28, 2014 Note Packet C. At the Yalta Conference (Feb. 1945), FDR, Stalin & Churchill agreed to the creation of the United Nations (UN) The UN’s structure includes a General Assembly & Security Council

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Origins of the cold war

Origins of the Cold War

April 28, 2014 Note Packet C


  • At the Yalta Conference (Feb. 1945), FDR, Stalin & Churchill agreed to the creation of the United Nations (UN)

  • The UN’s structure includes a General Assembly & Security Council

    • The Security Council includes 10 rotating member nations & 5 permanent members (US, Britain, Soviet Union, China & France)

  • The UN serves as a forum for world leaders to voice concerns


  • Soviet Union allied with US due to Germany violating their nonaggression pact during WW2

  • At the Potsdam Conference (July 1945), Truman, Stalin & Atlee met to discuss issues of Germany & Poland

    • Stalin wished for a Communist based Polish gov’t framework

    • Truman insisted on free elections in Poland


  • Atomic bomb kept secret from Stalin

  • Main US postwar goal was to bring democracy & economic opportunities to conquered in Europe & Asia

  • Main Soviet postwar goal was est. satellite nations & spread communism


  • US foreign policy post-WW2 was influenced by 2 factors:

    • Willingness of US to become involved in international peacekeeping efforts

    • Determination to prevent spread of communism

  • Policy of containment

    • Confine communism to area it already exists

    • Will be carried out through increased presidential power


  • Truman Doctrine

    • Truman asked Congress for economic & military aid to Turkey & Greece

      • Containment strategy

      • Major step in foreign policy, moving away from isolationism & neutrality


  • The Marshall Plan became a main point in US foreign policy

    • Created by Truman’s Secretary of State, General George Marshall

    • Called for European nations to create economic recovery plans

    • US would provide financial aid

    • Reflected idea of strong democracies& new markets for American goods


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