Inferences and Drawing Conclusions. Inference. Inferences : clues that good readers use to arrive at a conclusion about someone or something “reading between the lines” Prior Knowledge + Textual Evidence = Inference Drawing a conclusion about something that is not in the text
Inferences and Drawing Conclusions
What conclusion can you draw after reading the passage?
Snowfall is helping firefighters contain fires still burning in California.
Freezing temperatures in mountain areas have dampened down the flames that remain. Fires have now been burning California for two weeks. So far, 22 people have died. 3,500 homes have been destroyed.
The helpful change in weather means firefighters can take a break to see their families after weeks of being away from home.
The fires may be dying down, but the disaster is not over yet. Almost 27,000 people are still living in shelters. They cannot return to their homes yet.
1. What can you infer from the passage?
A. The firefighters had to work hard to make sure
that wildlife in the nearby forests would be safe.
B. Without the colder temperatures, firefighters would have had a harder time fighting the fires.
C. Now that the fires are contained, there isn't a real threat, and the disaster is finally over.
D. Now that it's the rainy season, California will have to deal with future floods and thunderstorms.
The truck was round and short and rusty. Painted on the side were the words, "Preston's Pest Control." It had a sharp, metal bumper on the back and a large snow plow on the front. There was a hose attached to it that was dripping a bright green liquid.
What can you infer from the description of the truck?
The clock struck 8:00 PM, and I had just gotten my little brother and sister into bed. I stumbled back down the hallway to the living room, grabbed my backpack, and cleared off the kitchen table. It was finally time for me to start my homework, and I had a lot to do. After my homework, I would fix a plate for my dad and set it in the microwave with heating instructions taped to the door. He would get in long after I had gone to bed, and he appreciated the little things I did to help him.
For the last month, this had been my life. My mother had moved to California for six months to film a low-budget movie, leaving my dad to care for three children. At twelve, I became the woman of the house. My dad switched to the night shift at the factory so that he could be home with my brother and sister while I went to school. While he was at work, I took care of my brother and sister, made dinner, and cleaned the house. I actually liked cooking. I experimented with food and created a few masterpieces out of a little pasta, some meat, and leftover vegetables. After eating one of my creations, Dad said he could see me working in a big city restaurant, serving famous people. I smiled at that idea. It would be fun.
What can the reader conclude about the narrator's mother?
Which sentence from the story best supports the conclusion that the narrator would like to be a chef someday?
There are many kinds of students who attend Conrady Junior High School. Some students are Caucasian, some are Arabic, some are Polish, some are Lithuanian, some are Hispanic, and some are African American. The students range from 11 to 14 years of age.
What can you infer from the passage?