Pentateuch 2 out of egypt
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Pentateuch 2: Out of Egypt. Exodus, Leviticus, & Numbers. Structure of the Book of Exodus. I. Birth and Call of Moses Sargon, Moses, and Luke Skywalker. Structure of the Book of Exodus. 1. Sargon, the mighty king, king of Akkadê am I, 2. My mother was lowly; my father I did not know;

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Pentateuch 2: Out of Egypt

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Pentateuch 2 out of egypt

Pentateuch 2:Out of Egypt

Exodus,

Leviticus, &

Numbers


Structure of the book of exodus

Structure of the Book of Exodus

I. Birth and Call of Moses

  • Sargon, Moses, and Luke Skywalker


Structure of the book of exodus1

Structure of the Book of Exodus

1. Sargon, the mighty king, king of Akkadê am I,

2. My mother was lowly; my father I did not know;

3. The brother of my father dwelt in the mountain.

4. My city is Azupiranu, which is situated on the bank of the Purattu [Euphrates],

5. My lowly mother conceived me, in secret she brought me forth.

6. She placed me in a basket of reeds, she closed my entrance with bitumen,

7. She cast me upon the rivers which did not overflow me.

8. The river carried me, it brought me to Akki, the irrigator.

9. Akki, the irrigator, in the goodness of his heart lifted me out,

10. Akki, the irrigator, as his own son brought me up


Structure of the book of exodus2

Structure of the Book of Exodus

Moses meets God at the Burning Bush

  • “Who will I say has sent me?”

By David Ascalon, Congregation Beth Emeth


The plagues

“The Plagues”


Structure of the book of exodus3

Structure of the Book of Exodus

  • II. Exodus from Egypt


Da t i n g

1440 B.C. Exodus

1250 B.C. Exodus

1. 1 Kings 6:1—480 years from temple

1. Exodus 1:11—Pithom & Ramses

2. Judges 11:26—300 years of occupation

2. Some Archaeology—Hazor, Debir, Lachish

3. Habiru possibly included Hebrews in Amarna letters.

3. Archaeology—settlement patterns in hill country & new settlements in 13th century.

4. Some archaeology

4. Merneptah—1st mention of “Israel” in 1230 B.C.

5. Merneptah—Israel an established people

5. 430 yrs. (Ex. 12:40) puts patriarchs in Hyksos period.

DAT I N G

E

X

O

D

U

S


Structure of the book of exodus4

Structure of the Book of Exodus

  • Covenant at Sinai (Ex 19)

    • Historical Prologue

    • Stipulations

      • Ten Commandments—Apodictic Law

      • “The Covenant Code”—Casuistic Law

    • Ratification


Structure of the book of exodus5

Structure of the Book of Exodus

IV.Tabernacle (25-30, 35-40)

  • God’s Presence


The tabernacle

The Tabernacle


Structure of the book of exodus6

Structure of the Book of Exodus

V.Broken and Renewed Covenant (32-34)

  • Rebellion, Idolatry, & Broken Tablets

  • Renewal of Covenant following judgment


Theological themes in exodus

Theological Themes in Exodus

  • God’s Choice


Theological themes in exodus1

Theological Themes in Exodus

  • God’s Care

  • Covenant and Law

    • The grace of the covenant

    • The threat of the covenant

    • The promise of the covenant


Theological themes in exodus2

Theological Themes in Exodus

  • Covenant, Law, and missio dei.


Leviticus

Leviticus

Purity

&

Holiness


Outline of leviticus

Outline of Leviticus


Outline of leviticus1

Outline of Leviticus


Unclean

Unclean


Outline of leviticus2

Outline of Leviticus

  • Ritual Purity (Lev. 11-15)

  • Day of Atonement/Yom Kippur (Lev. 16)

    • Most Holy Place

    • Goats: Sin Offering and the azazel


Unclean1

Unclean


Outline of leviticus3

Outline of Leviticus

  • “Holiness Code” (Lev. 17-26)

    • Purity & Ritual Laws

    • Brueggemann—Justice vs. Ritual

    • Calendar

  • Redeeming what belongs to the Lord (Lev. 27)


Unclean2

Unclean


Numbers

Numbers

Into the

Wilderness


The censuses

The Censuses

  • Census of the 1st Generation (Num 12-53)

  • Census of the 2nd Generation (261-65)

  • The censuses are:

    • The structure for the book, &

    • The transition from Egypt to Canaan.


Outline of numbers

Benjamin

Manasseh

Ephraim

Dan Asher Naphtali

Judah

Issachar

Zebulun

Levites

Levites

Tent

Of

Meeting

Gad Simeon Reuben

Outline of Numbers

  • Numbers and Arrangements (Num. 1-4)

E

>


Outline of numbers1

Outline of Numbers

  • Various Laws (Num. 51-914, 101-10)

    • The Nazirite (6:1-21)


Outline of numbers2

Outline of Numbers

  • The Cloud above the Tabernacle (915-23)

  • From Sinai to Kadesh (Num. 11-12)

    • Complaints, Judgment, Provision


Outline of numbers3

Outline of Numbers

  • Events at Kadesh (Num. 13:1-20:21)

    • Reconnaissance & Rebellion (Numbers 131-1445)

    • Korah, Dathan, Abiram (Num. 16)

    • Priests and Levites (Num. 171-1832)

    • Moses’ Sin


Outline of numbers4

Outline of Numbers

  • Kadesh--Plains of Moab (Num. 2022-2120)


Outline of numbers5

Outline of Numbers

  • In the Plains of Moab (Num. 21:21-36:13)

    • Balak & Balaam (22:1-24:25)


Outline of numbers6

Outline of Numbers

  • In the Plains of Moab (Num. 21:21-36:13)

    • 2nd Census (26:1-65)

    • Joshua Commissioned (27:12-23)


Themes of leviticus numbers

Themes of Leviticus & Numbers

  • Holiness


Themes of leviticus numbers1

Themes of Leviticus & Numbers

  • Holiness

    • God is holy

    • “Unholy” does not necessarily imply sin.


Unclean3

Unclean


Theological themes lev num

Priests

God

Outside

the Camp

Worshippers

Theological Themes—Lev./Num.

  • Blood/Sacrifice

  • Divine Presence

  • Book of Hebrews & Jesus

  • Purity & Impurity

    • Boundaries


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