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EDU 6982 – Educational Inquiry Dr. Karen Smith, Instructor. Nutrition Group Research Proposal Group Members: Kimberly Robinson, Jessica Rottweiler, Kathe Sehmsdorf, Nick West. Research Topic. Topic : Nutrition and Impact on Academic Performance

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edu 6982 educational inquiry dr karen smith instructor

EDU 6982 – Educational InquiryDr. Karen Smith, Instructor

Nutrition Group Research Proposal

Group Members: Kimberly Robinson, Jessica Rottweiler, Kathe Sehmsdorf, Nick West

research topic
Research Topic
  • Topic: Nutrition and Impact on Academic Performance
  • Question: Is there a correlation between dietary nutrition and performance on the IOWA Basic Skills Test?
research hypothesis
Research Hypothesis
  • Hypothesis: There is a positive correlation between dietary nutrition levels and academic performance.
variables and population
Variables and Population
  • Independent:Dietary Nutrition Levels

(Food Choice Inventory)

  • Dependent: Academic Performance

(IOWA Test of Basic Skills)

  • Population: 11th graders (middle income) in Washington state
review of literature
Review of Literature

Effect of a 12 month micronutrient intervention on learning and memory

in well nourished and marginally nourished school-aged children: 2

parallel, randomized, placebo-controlled studies in Australia and

Indonesia. (2007)

  • Experimental
    • Tested:
      • Mix of micronutrients – marked improvements on verbal learning and memory
      • Fatty acids - inconclusive
      • Micronutrients and fatty acids – same as above, fatty acids = no effect
      • Control (placebo)
review of literature1
Review of Literature
  • The impact of a two-year breakfast program for preschool-aged children on their nutrient intake and pre-academic performance. (1999)
    • Experimental
      • Tested:
        • Effect of School Breakfast Program on cognitive performance
        • Conclusion: Nutritionally balance breakfast has positive impact on cognitive performance
review of literature2
Review of Literature
  • Effects of Nutrient Intake on Task Performance in a Sample of Inner-City Elementary School Children (2001)
    • Non-experimental
        • Conclusion: Food stamp recipients eat more poorly as the month progresses and academic performance coincides
subjects sampling procedures
Subjects & Sampling Procedures
  • Subjects:
    • 500 - 11th grade (middle income) public school students in WA state from rural, urban and suburban school districts
  • Sampling:
    • #1 – Convenience (districts in WA that administer ITBS)
    • #2 - Stratified Random Sampling (urban, suburban, rural)
    • #3– Volunteer Participants (school administrator permission)
    • #4– Middle Income Survey respondents selected
instrumentation
Instrumentation
  • ITBS (Iowa Test of Basic Skills)
  • Food Choice Inventory
    • Assesses food choice behaviors of junior and senior high school students and adults.
    • Survey question accounting for income bracket
quantitative research design
Quantitative Research Design
  • Non-experimental
  • Simple correlation
learning process
Learning Process
  • Originally Experimental
    • Implementation of school lunch
      • Challenges:
        • High cost
        • Subject compliance
        • Parental and school permission
    • Hair sample micronutrient level test
      • Challenges:
        • Extremely high cost
        • Subject compliance
        • Parental and school permission
learning process1
Learning Process
  • Non-Experimental
    • Less costly
    • No intervention necessary
    • What Design???
    • Original Design
      • multilevel logistic regression
        • account for co-variance of socio-economic status with dependent and independent variables
    • Current Design
      • simple correlation
        • account for co-variance of income level status with dependent and independent variables more simply using middle income bracket as qualifier
references
References
  • The NEMO Study Group. (2007). Effect of a 12 month micronutrient intervention on learning and memory in well-nourished and marginally nourished school-aged children: 2 parallel, randomized, placebo-controlled studies in Australia and Indonesia. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 86(4), 1082-1093. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. EJ824000) Retrieved January 22, 2009, from ERIC database.
  • Walingo, Mary K. and Musamali, Betty. (2008). Nutrient Intake and Nutritional Status Indicators of Participant and Nonparticipant Pupils of a Parent-Supported School Lunch Program in Kenya. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, Vol. 40, No. 5, 298-304.
  • Florence, M.D., Asbridge, M. & Veugelers, P. (April 1, 2008). Diet Quality and Academic Performance. Journal of School Health, 78(4), 209-215 (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. EJ812000) Retrieved January 30, 2009, from ERIC database.
  • Worobey, John, Rutgers U & Worobey, Harriet S. (1999). The impact of a two-year breakfast program for preschool-aged children on their nutrient intake and pre-academic performance. Child Study Journal, Vol29 (2), 113-131 ((ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. EJ 0009-4005) Retrieved February 3, 2009, from ERIC database.
references1
References
  • Worobey, J., Worobey, H. S., Johnson, E. & Hamm, M. (2001, Apr. 21). Effects of Nutrient Intake on Task Performance in a Sample of Inner City Elementary School Children. Society for Research in Child Development Conference.
  • Wyon, D. P., Abrahamsoson, L., Jartelius, M. & Fletcher, R. J. (1997). An experimental study of the effects of energy intake at breakfast on the test performance of 10-year-old children in school. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, (48), 5-12.
  • Voiland, A. (November 3, 2008). Rethinking School Lunch. U.S. News & World Report, 145(10), 65.
  • Taras, H. & Potts-Datema, W. (October 2005). Obesity and Student Performance at School. Journal of School Health, 75(8), 291-295
  • Pollit, E. & Mathews, R. (1998). Breakfast and cognition: An integrative summary. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 67(4), 804-813.
  • Cromer, B.A., Tarnowski, K.T., Stein, A.M, Harton, P. & Thornton, D.J. (1990). The school breakfast program and cognition in adolescence. Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 11 (6), 295-300.
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