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W e a v i n g t h e T a p e s t r y o f I n t e r n a t i o n a l E d u c a t i o n. 1st UCSI University International Education Conference (INEC 2009). Associate Professor Gavin Sanderson, PhD Deputy Director, Academic Learning Services, Learning and Teaching Unit. 12th - 13th

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1st ucsi university international education conference inec 2009

WeavingtheTapestry ofInternational Education

1st UCSI UniversityInternational EducationConference (INEC 2009)

Associate Professor Gavin Sanderson, PhD

Deputy Director, Academic Learning Services, Learning and Teaching Unit

12th - 13th

November 2009

Putrajaya Marriott

Hotel, Kuala Lumpur


1st ucsi university international education conference inec 2009

First things first …

Congratulations UCSI!

Tan Sri Datuk Seri Panglima Dr. Abdul Rahman Arshad

UCSI University Chancellor

Peter T.S. Ng

UCSI University President

Dr. Irene Tan

Conference Chair

The Conference Organising Committee

Presenters and delegates


1st ucsi university international education conference inec 2009

Today’s paper can be accessed at …

http://inec2009.wikispaces.com/


1st ucsi university international education conference inec 2009

Internationalisation and related terms

What do you understand by ‘internationalisation of higher education’ ? Key terms are:

Internationalisation

Globalisation

Internationalism

To access a paper written by Assoc Prof Sanderson that explains some key terms related to internationalisation, clickhere


1st ucsi university international education conference inec 2009

Globalisation and internationalisation

Internationalisation and globalisation are seen as different but dynamically linked concepts ...“globalisation can be thought of as a catalyst while internationalisation is the response, albeit a response in a proactive way”(Knight, 1997, p.6).

“Internationalisation is both a response to, and reflection of, globalisation processes” (Rizvi, n.d.).


1st ucsi university international education conference inec 2009

Internationalisation and higher education

Jane Knight’s organisational “process” approach

Working definition (mid-1990s to 2003/4):

“The process of integrating an international / intercultural dimension into the teaching, research and service functions of the institution” (organisation focus)

Updated working definition (2004)

“The process of integrating an international, intercultural, or global dimension into the purpose, functions or delivery of post-secondary education” (sector focus)


1st ucsi university international education conference inec 2009

Internationalisation

Kokusaika - The Japanese word ‘kokusaika’ means a process of “self-change” or “self-reform”. For the Japanese, ‘kokusaika’ implies that they change something about themselves due to international influences (Horie, 2002).


1st ucsi university international education conference inec 2009

Appadurai (2001) made a fleeting, yet powerful, contribution to understanding the internationalisation of higher education through distinguishing between ‘weak’ and ‘strong’ commitments to internationalisation processes. Although specifically directed at the activity of academic research, it can be used to describe the degree to which an individual’s personal and professional outlooks are internationalised. Weak internationalisation is essentially a superficial engagement with the issues whilst strong internationalisation is a laborious, even contentious, deeper, more sophisticated and genuine desire to explore what it means to become internationalised.

Weak & strong internationalisation

Appadurai (2001) makes a fleeting, yet powerful, contribution to understanding the internationalisation of higher education through distinguishing between ‘weak’ and ‘strong’ commitments to internationalisation processes. Although specifically directed at the activity of academic research, it can be used to describe the degree to which institutions, programs, courses, and individuals’ personal and professional outlooks are internationalised. Weak internationalisation is essentially a superficial engagement with the issues whilst strong internationalisation is a laborious, even contentious, deeper, more sophisticated and genuine desire to explore what it means to become internationalised.


1st ucsi university international education conference inec 2009

Weak & strong internationalisation

Around 2001 British Airways undertook an initiative to paint the tails of some of their planes with cultural motifs as a statement that the airline ‘belonged to the world’. If this was the only thing they did to internationalise their operations, would it be an example of weak or strong internationalisation? What other sorts of things might BA do to demonstrate a commitment to internationalisation? (Coincidentally, the British people themselves strongly opposed the initiative to the point where it was scrapped! They wanted the Union Jack proudly flying on the tails of ‘their’ planes. This is an example of the contested nature of globalisation, internationalisation and cultural identity, and inherent tensions.)


1st ucsi university international education conference inec 2009

Weak & strong internationalisation


1st ucsi university international education conference inec 2009

Weak & strong internationalisation


1st ucsi university international education conference inec 2009

Weak & strong internationalisation


1st ucsi university international education conference inec 2009

National level

Intercultural, international, and global flows of technology, economy, knowledge, people, values and ideas

Depth dimension

of the reach of internationalisation

Sector level

Institution level

Breadth dimension of the reach of internationalisation

Internationalisation and higher education

Source: Sanderson (2006, p. 149)


1st ucsi university international education conference inec 2009

Global level

Supranational level

Regional level

Intercultural, international, and global flows of technology, economy, knowledge, people, values and ideas

National level

Limits of Knight’s (2004) depth dimension

Depth dimension of the reach of internationalisation

Sector level

Institution level

Faculty/Department level

Within-institution level

Individual level

Breadth dimension of the reach of internationalisation

Source: Sanderson (2006, p. 149)


1st ucsi university international education conference inec 2009

UniSA and internationalisation

Internationalisation at UniSA (see associated paper for details)

- Graduate Quality 7

- Indigenous perspectives

- Mobility

- Internationalising the curriculum

- Internationalisation through the informal curriculum

- Supporting UniLife to foster the student community

- Integrated orientation

- Internationalisation and staff

- Developing staff understandings around internationalisation

- Internationalisation through the teaching-research nexus

- Internationalisation through the diversity of our staff

- Our Transnational Education experience

- Returning to GQ7


1st ucsi university international education conference inec 2009

Useful resources

Use the IDP database to search for academic publications related to internationalisation of higher education:

http://www.idp.com/research/database_of_research.aspx

Visit Assoc Prof Sanderson’s home page for useful links and his publications associated with internationalisation and higher education.


1st ucsi university international education conference inec 2009

References

Appadurai, A. (1996). Modernity at large: cultural dimensions of globalisation. Minneapolis, University of Minnesota Press.

Horie, M. (2002). "The internationalisation of higher education in Japan in the 1990s: A reconsideration." Higher Education: The International Journal of Higher Education and Educational Planning 43(1): 65-84.

Knight, J. (2004). Internationalization remodelled: definition, approaches, and

rationales. Journal of Studies in International Education, 8(1), 5-31.

Knight, J. (1997). Internationalisation of higher education: a conceptual framework. In J. Knight & H. de Wit (Eds.), Internationalisation of higher education in Asia Pacific countries (pp. 5-19). Amsterdam: European Association for International Education (EAIE), in cooperation with IDP Education Australia and the Programme on Institutional Management in Higher Education (IMHE) of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD).

Rizvi, F. (n.d.). Internationalisation of curriculum. Retrieved 10 February, 2004,

from http://www.teaching.rmit.edu.au/resources/icpfr.PDF

Sanderson, G. (2006). Examination of a profile of the ideal lecturer for teaching international students. Adelaide. The Flinders University of South Australia.


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