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Clean Hydro. Providing a real solution. to the world’s energy needs. I OIL - 37% I COAL - 25% I GAS - 23% I NUCLEAR - 6% I BIOMASS - 4% I HYDRO - 3% I SOLAR - 0.5% I WIND - 0.3% I OTHER - 1.2% Source: REN21 Global Status Report on Renewables. Clean Hydr o. 1.1 Current status of

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Clean hydro

CleanHydro

Providingarealsolution

totheworld’senergyneeds


Clean hydro

IOIL-37%

ICOAL-25%

IGAS-23%

INUCLEAR-6%

IBIOMASS-4%

IHYDRO-3%

ISOLAR-0.5%

IWIND-0.3%

IOTHER-1.2%

Source:REN21GlobalStatusReportonRenewables

CleanHydro

1.1Currentstatusof

theworld’senergy

needs

Together the fossilfuel is 85%


Clean hydro

CleanHydro

1.2Currentstatusof

theworld’senergy

needs

Morethanhalfoftheenergyhasbeen

consumedinthelasttwodecadessince

theindustrialrevolution,despiteadvances inefficiencyandsustainability

AccordingtoIEAworldstatistics,

between2004and2008theworld’s

populationincreasedby5%,ourannual

CO2emissionswentupby10%andgross energyproductionincreased10%3

3IEAKeyEnergyStatistics,2010


Clean hydro

CleanHydro

3.0Emissions

Emissionsareconsideredtobethemost

seriousglobalenvironmentalproblem

facingustoday.Asaresult,many

nationshavesignedtheUNagreement

topreventadangerousinfluenceinthe

climatesystem.

Limitingglobaltemperatureriseat2%,

(consideredasahighrisklevelby

StockholmEnvironmentalInstitute),will

requirea75%declineincarbon

emissionsintheindustrialcountriesby

2050,assumingthepopulationtobe10

mrdbythattime5.

75%in40yearswillrequire

approximatelya2%decreaseeveryyear.

5Energiläget2050byProfessorCristianAzarandKristianLindgren


Clean hydro

CleanHydro

3.2Emissions

In2011,thewarmingemissionsofenergy

productioncontinuedrisingregardlessof

theconsensusofthebasicproblem.

Itisestimatedthathumanactivity

hasalreadycreatedariseof1,5°C

inthetemperature6.

AccordingtoRobertEngelmanofthe

WorldwatchInstitute,emissionsmustbe

totallystoppedwithinadecade

regardlessofeconomyandpopulation

state(2009)7.

6PaulBrown,GlobalWarming,Thelastchanceforchange,2006

7StateoftheWorld2009,WorldwatchInstitute,2009


Clean hydro

CleanHydro

4.0CarbonCredits


Clean hydro

CleanHydro

4.1CarbonCredits

Acarboncreditisagenerictermfor

anytradablecertificateorpermit

representingtherighttoemitonetonof

carbonorcarbondioxideequivalent.

Carboncreditsandcarbonmarketsarea

componentofnationalandinternational

attemptstomitigatethegrowthin

concentrationsofgreenhousegases.

Onecarboncreditisequaltoonetonof

carbondioxide,orinsomemarkets,

carbondioxideequivalentgases.

Carbontradingisanapplicationofan

emissionstradingapproach.Greenhouse

gasemissionsarecappedandthen

marketsareusedtoallocatethe

emissionsamongthegroupofregulated

sources.


Clean hydro

CleanHydro

4.2CarbonCredits

FormalizedintheKyotoProtocol,the

conceptofcarboncreditscameinto

existenceasaresultofincreasing

awarenessoftheneedforcontrolling

emissions.TheIPCC(Intergovernmental

PanelonClimateChange)hasstated:

Policiesthatprovidearealorimplicit

priceofcarboncouldcreateincentives

forproducersandconsumersto

significantlyinvestinlow-GHGproducts,

technologiesandprocesses.Such

policiescouldincludeeconomic

instruments,governmentfundingand

regulation


Clean hydro

Managing emissions is one of the

fastest-growing segments in financial

services in the City of London with a

market estimated to be worth about

€30 billion in 2007. Louis Redshaw

head of environmental markets at

Barclays Capital predicted that

“Carbon will be the world's

biggest commodity market, and

it could become the world's

biggest market overall.”

Energy use and emission levels are

predicted to keep rising over time.

Therefore the number of companies

needing to buy credits will increase,

and the rules of supply and demand

will push up the market price,

encouraging more groups to undertake

environmentally friendly activities that

create carbon credits to sell.

CleanHydro

4.3CarbonCredits

,


Clean hydro

CleanHydro

HydrogenProduction

withzerocarbonemissions


Clean hydro

CleanHydro

5.0Hydrogen:

Thefuelofthefuture


Clean hydro

CleanHydro

5.1Hydrogen:

Thefuelofthefuture

Currentindustrialproductionofhydrogen

generatesseveraltonnesofcarbondioxide

foreachtonneofhydrogen.

engineeringmanagementoftheendothermic

(heatrequiring)andexothermic(heat

producing)reactions.Littleornoadditional

energyisrequiredtorunourreactors.

ButCleanHydrohavenowdevelopeda

methodthatproduceshydrogenwithzero

carbonemission.

Thisisachievedbykeepingallemissions

(includingthatwhichprovidestheenergyby

burningcoalorgas)togetheruntiltheend

stageoftheseriesofreactionsbyaproper

Hydrogenproductioncompaniesalloverthe

worldwillbenefitbymodifyingtheirexisting

plantsusingthemethoddevelopedby

CleanHydro.Theywillbeproducing

hydrogenwithoutcarbonemission,earning

carboncredits(whereavailable)and

increasingtheirprofitmargins.


Clean hydro

CleanHydro

5.2Hydrogen:

Thefuelofthefuture

Ourreactorswillnotonlyprovidehydrogen

andcarbonatebutalsorelativelypure

nitrogen.Themixedgases(N2+H2)canbe

directlyusedinammoniaplants,orthegases

combiningthetwomethods,namelythe

carbonationofCO2andtheproductionof

hydrogenbythesteam-methane-reformation

technique.

canbeseparatedforsellingasneeded.

Atpresent,thereisnocompetitiveprocessto

achievewhatweareproposing.Andthereare

nofull-scaleplantsinoperationthatcan

producehydrogenwithoutcarbonemission

and,atthesametime,sequesterCO2.

Mostcontaminantsoccurringincoalorgas

areremovedinthefinalreactorassolids.

Thecarbonatemayberecrystallizedfor

purification.

Todate,nobodyhasseenthepotentialof


Clean hydro

CleanHydro

5.3Hydrogen:

Thefuelofthefuture

Althoughthereareafewcomparable

technologiesonthehorizon,technologiesto

producehydrogenwithoutcarbonsarenon-

existentor,atbestininfancywithoutproof

ofafinalproduct.

Thecarbonsequestrationtechnologiesare

practicallyinthesamestagesofdevelopment

asourreactortechnology,butwithoutmany

ofthebenefitsourreactorsoffer.

modifiedsteam-methane-reformation(SMR)

reaction,thefutureisavailabletousall,now!

Therearemanyhydrogenproductionplants

allovertheworldwhomayopttomodify

theirplantsorbuildnewonesasthedemand

forhydrogengrows.

Thecommercialpotentialaroundtheworld

forhydrogenproducedusingourmethodis

alreadymassive,andisgrowingdaily.

Hydrogenisconsideredasthefuelofthe

futurebut,thankstoCleanHydroandour

Canyouaffordtoignoreit?


Clean hydro

CleanHydro

HydrogenProduction

withzerocarbonemissions


Clean hydro

CleanHydro

6.0Sciencethat

works


Clean hydro

CleanHydro

6.1Sciencethat

works

CleanHydroofferthreetypesofreactors:

ICLEANHYDROREACTORI

Hydrogenproductionwithzero

emissionusingcoalormethane

(naturalgas).

Thisreactortyperequireseasy

accesstocausticsoda,coal*or

methaneandwater,

*Coalmaybereplacedbyother

formsoffossilfuel

CleanHydroReactorIproduces

hydrogenwithoutanycarbon

emission,aswellasother

industriallyusefulproductswhich

canthenbesoldonforadditional

profit.


Clean hydro

Heat recovery


Clean hydro

CleanHydro

6.2Sciencethat

works

CleanHydroofferfourtypesofreactors:

ICLEANHYDROREACTORII

Hydrogenproductionwithzero

emissionusingmethane(requires

naturalgasandaproprietary

reactant).


Clean hydro

CleanHydro

6.6Sciencethatworks:

CleanHydroReactorII

CH4

H2

To

ammonia

plant

Heatrequired

CH4+CO2+N2+H20

Highpressureand

temperature

N2+H2

N2

Heatevolved

Heatrecovery

Heattoother

applications

NaOH+H2+CO+N2

=Na2CO3+N2+H2

Steam

+CO2+N2

Heat

Heatproduced

Sodafor

Heatrecoveryfrom

Coolinghydrogen

Coolingsoda

Coolingnitrogen

purification

CH4+air


Clean hydro

CleanHydro

6.3Sciencethat

works

CleanHydroofferfourtypesofreactors:

ICLEANHYDROREACTORIII

Hydrogenproductioncombining

carbonsequestration

SimilartoReactorI,thisprocess

requiresCO2/COfromanyplant

burningfossilfuelandcausticsoda,

coalormethaneandwater.

Thisreactorisnotazeroemissions

plant,butwilldramaticallyreduce

theCO2emissionfromindustrial

plantscurrentlyreleasingCO2into

theatmosphere;theuseofhydrogen

asanenergysourcefurtherhelpsin

reducingcarbonemissions.


Combining hydrogen production with carbon sequestration

Combining hydrogen production with carbon sequestration

Hydrogen

NaOH +H2O

Membrane

Coke

CO

Purification

CO2

Heat exchanger

C + CO2 = 2CO

2 NaOH (c) + CO(g)

= Na2CO3 (c) + 2 H2(g)

Soda ash + other solids


Clean hydro

CleanHydro

6.7Sciencethat

works

CleanHydroofferfourtypesofreactors:

ISOLARHYDRO

Distributedenergybasedonhydrogen

storageandsolarheating

Finallywehaveplannedtheuseof

hydrogenwithahydrogenstorage

materialthatcanbedistributedto

remoteareasandusedwithsolar

heatingtogeneratehydrogenforany

energyuseanywhere(suchasthe

Bloomenergyfuelcellbox)


Clean hydro

CleanHydro

6.8Sciencethatworks:

CleanHydroSolarHydro

Oxygen

fromair

Hydride

container

Catalyst

Catalyst

Proton

0.40.4 cubic3meter

H2

Exchange

Membrane

Daily

hydride

Recycle

NBAnyfuelstack(suchasthe

Electrical

Exhaust

BloomEnergyBox)canbeused

Current


Clean hydro

Fig.2. A solar-hydro house with a hydride container of 0.4x0.4x0.4 meter which would accommodate hydride for a week’s supply. Portion of this hydride is fed into a smaller container for daily release of hydrogen which may be fed to a fuel cell for use in the non sunshine hours. Hydrogen may also be used for many other house-hold uses.


Clean hydro

CleanHydro

HydrogenProduction

withzerocarbonemissions


Clean hydro

CleanHydro

7.0Reapingthe

rewards

TherewardsofinstallingaCleanHydro

reactor,bothenvironmentallyand

commercially,aresubstantial.

Environmentally,byreducingcarbon

emissionswereducegreenhousegases

andslowdownglobalwarming.

Commercially,hydrogencanbeproduced

atcompetitiverateswithplantsthat

retrofitaCleanHydroreactorreclaiming

theircosts–andincreasingtheirprofits

–withintwelvemonths.Thelongterm

profitfigurescouldpotentiallybe

$millions.Carboncreditsalonecould

generate$billions,withcurrentlevelsin

tehUSbeingtaxedat$30pertonof

carbon.


Clean hydro

CleanHydro

7.1Reapingthe

rewards

Theopportunityiscurrentlyopentoall

investorsandfossilfuelbasedplantsof

anytype(powerplants,cementplants,

steelplants).

Chlor-alkaliplantownerswillbenefitby

theprofitablesaleoftheproductsfrom

theretrofittedreactorsandby

significantreductionincarbonemission.

Thosewhowishtobuildhydrogengas

plantsmayusetheCleanhydroReactorI

orCleanhydroReactorIII.

Hydrogencanproducedforthesame

price(orless)asthetechniques

currentlyusedbycoalgasificationand

thesteam-methane-reformation(SMR),

butwithoutanyCO2emission.


Clean hydro

CleanHydro

7.2Reapingthe

rewards

ByembracingtheCleanhydrotechnology

youwillgiveyourselfacompetitive

advantage.

Ourreactorsareofaflexibledesignsuch

thattheamountofproductscanbe

adjustedtomarketconditions.

AninvestmentinCleanHydro™Reactor

Technologywillquicklyresultina

profitableandscalablebusinessthatwill

producelow-costandemission-free

hydrogen,pervasively,throughamodular

approach.


Clean hydro

CleanHydro

7.3Reapingthe

rewards

Inaddition,ourCleanHydroreactors

sequestercarbondioxideintosafeand

environmentallyfriendlybyproductsthat

arecurrentlyingreatdemandaround

theworldintheindustrialmarketplace.

Thereactorcanusethereactions

flexiblyandproducehydrogenwithor

withoutcarbonateorcarbonateand

bicarbonatewithouthydrogen.

Currently,theproductionofcausticsoda

isveryenergyintensive,producing

emissionsiffossilfuelsareinvolved.

Ourreactorsconvertalreadyproduced

causticsodaintocarbonate–anideal

solutionformanyoftheworld’sexisting

powerplants.


Clean hydro

CleanHydro

7.4Reapingthe

rewards

Currently,toachieve9102kWhofenergy

wemustburn1tonneofcoal,producing

3.7milliontonnesofCO2.

Thismuchenergycanbeproducedwith

just0.23tonnesofhydrogen.

Byreplacingatonneofcoalwith

hydrogen,wecansave16tonnesof

carbonemission.

ACleanHydroreactorproducing4

tonnesofhydrogeneachhourwill

thereforeavoidproducinganannual

emissionof560,460tonnesperyear.

Attoday’srateof$30carboncredit,

thatwillgenerateanincomeforthe

plantownerof$16,819,200–eachyear.


Clean hydro

CleanHydro

ILowcapitalexpendituretoconvert

existinginfrastructure

IHighprofitmargins

IAdditionalrevenuestreamthrough

sellingexistingwasteproducts

ICarboncreditstradedoncommodity

markets

IAdditionalsourceofrevenuethrough

growthpotentialofhydrogenasareal

alternative,greenfuel

IQuickreturnoninvestmentthrough

reactorincomesourceswithfull

outlayrecoveredwithin24months.

7.5Reapingthe

rewards


Clean hydro

CleanHydro

8.0CleanHydro

Apartnershipthatworks


Clean hydro

CleanHydro

6.0CleanHydro

Apartnershipthatworks

CleanhydroInc.isacompanyfoundedbyProf.

S.K.SaxenaPh.D.inco-operationwiththe

CenterfortheStudyofMatteratExtreme

ConditionsattheFloridaInternational

University.Prof.Saxenaisthetechnology

creatorandpatentholderofCleanHydro™.

HecurrentlyholdsthepositionofProfessorand

Director,CenterfortheStudyofMatterat

ExtremeConditions,CollegeofEngineering&

Computing,FloridaInternationalUniversity.

Dr.SaxenahasbeendrivingtheCleanHydro™

projectforoverfiveyears.

Prof.Saxena’sexperiencedanddedicatedteam

includeAndriyDurygin,Ph.D.(ChiefPhysicist),

VadymDrozd,Ph.D.(ChiefChemist);Dr.Hari

Abarjith(ChemicalEngineer),S.Kumar:BE

(ChemicalEngineer)andR.Hrubiak:BE

(ElectricalEngineer).

TheBoardofAdvisorsincludeDr.A.Mirmiran,

Dean,CollegeofEngineering,Florida

InternationalUniversity;Dr.TomBreslin,

ProfessorandUniversitySenateChair,Florida

InternationalUniversity;Dr.V.Prasad,Vice

PresidentforResearchandDevelopment,

UniversityofNorthTexas,Denton,TX;J.

White,EsqrAttorney,BocaRaton;George

Fantazopoulos,TitanAmerica,Florida.


Clean hydro

CleanHydro

8.1CleanHydro

Apartnershipthatworks

Ourstrategyistolicensethetechnologyto

companiesforaflatfeeof$1.2millionper

reactor.Basedonourprojectionsthisshould

provideapaybackofaroundtwoyearsfor

plantowners.Aswemoveclosertoout-

licensingtechnologywewillhireexperienced

expertsandcontactstosellthetechnology.

Toshowproofweneedtobuildademoplant

atanestimatedcostof$3million.Thiswill

betheworld’sfirst,out-of-the-labreactorto

demonstratecommercialapplicationofour

patentedtechnology.

CleanHydro’sdedicatedteamofscientistsand

specialistswillworkwithallhydrogenplant

ownersorotherswhomaybeinterestedin

carbonemissionfreehydrogenproduction.

OnceCleanHydrohasshownproofof

conceptwewillbeginmarketingthe

hydrogenproductionwithCCStechnologyto

majorhydrogenproducersaswellasauto-

makersandhomeandindustrialusersthat

seehydrogenasanalternativetocurrent

fossilfuels.


Clean hydro

CleanHydro

8.2CleanHydro

Apartnershipthatworks

OncetheDemoPlanthasbeenbuiltandthe

pilotstepcompleted,CleanHydrowill

proceedtothedevelopmentofanIndustrial

SizedPilotPlant,producing9,000tonnesof

Hydrogenannually.

Thereactorcostisestimatedatbetween

$20-$30million.Withgrossprofitswithin

thefirstyearaloneestimatedatbeing

between$17-$30milliontheinitialoutlay

willberecoupedwithin24months.This

willbeachievedbythesaleofhydrogen,its

by-productsandthevalueofcarboncredits.

Ourprojectionsconfidentlypredictthat

investorsandplantownerswillseeareturn

withinaveryshorttimeframe,with

CleanHydrolicensingitstechnologytoend-

userindustrialplants.

Withannuallicensingfees,brokerageof

hydrogen,carbonatebyproductsandcarbon

credits,annualoperationsandconsultancy

fees,therehasneverbeensuchagood

opportunitytobecomeinvolvedwitha

companythatissettorevolutionisetheway

weproduceandsupplytheworld’senergy.


Investment opportunity

Cleanhydro

Investment opportunity

Demo Plant

  • $3 tp $5 million to complete the design and the assembly of a compact CleanHydro™ out-of-the-lab reactor to demonstrate commercial application of the technology as the first (Pilot Plant) step to an industrial sized system and a scalable business model.

    Industrial Size Pilot Plant: (produces 35.000 tonnes H2 annually)

  • The average CleanHydro industrial system will produce approximately 35,000 tonness of hydrogen annually with the following financial results:

  •  Reactor Cost: $30 Million (1 yr payback) (includes coal contaminant separator)

  •  Gross Profit: $41,000,000 (annual sale of hydrogen, byproducts & carbon credits)

    Expenses: $ 2,500,000 – maintenance

    $ 2,000,000 – labor + burden

    $ 1,750,000 – G&A and other

  •  Annual EBITDA: $82,000,000


Clean hydro

CleanHydro

Q&ASession

withProfessorSurendraSaxenaPh.D.

CenterfortheStudyofMatteratExtremeConditions,

CollegeofEngineering&Computing,

FloridaInternationalUniversity,

Miami,FL33199,USA


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