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Enlightenment-. Objectives. 1. List 2 ideas of the enlightenment. 2. What examples of self-rule and democracy existed in the English colonies in North America prior to the American Revolution?. Enlightenment-.

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objectives
Objectives
  • 1. List 2 ideas of the enlightenment.
  • 2. What examples of self-rule and democracy existed in the English colonies in North America prior to the American Revolution?
enlightenment1
Enlightenment-
  • 1600’s people began to think that the world should be ruled by reason and power lied with the people.
  • Result– the over throw of many kings and the beginning of America.
john locke
John Locke-
  • 1690 Two Treatises of Gov’t
  • “Life, liberty and property were natural rights.”
jean jacques rousseau 1762
Jean-Jacques Rousseau 1762
  • The Social Contract
  • “power belongs to the people, and can belong to it alone”
baron montesquieu
Baron Montesquieu
  • 1748- Spirit of Laws
  • Gov’t should be 3 branches
natural rights
Natural rights
  • Everyone is entitled to Life, Liberty and Property.
thomas jefferson
Thomas Jefferson
  • Later steals these ideas and writes the Declaration of independence.
social contract theory
Social Contract Theory
  • The power to rule comes from the people!
iroquois confederacy
Iroquois Confederacy
  • Native American Group in New York State
  • Used a form of participatory democracy and representative democracy
initial difficulties
Initial Difficulties
  • Jamestown
    • Laziness of colonists
    • Did not expect to do manual labor
    • Depended on natives for food
    • Disease and starvation killed 80% of the colonists in the first year
    • Failed attempts to befriend Indians let to multiple skirmishes
slide19

High Mortality Rates

  • The “Starving Time”:
    • 1607: 104 colonists
    • By spring, 1608: 38 survived
    • 1609: 300 more immigrants
    • By spring, 1610: 60 survived
    • 1610 – 1624: 10,000 immigrants
    • 1624 population: 1,200
    • Adult life expectancy: 40 years
    • Death of children before age 5: 80%
slide23

John Rolfe

  • First successful cultivator of Tobacco in Virginia
slide24

Tobacco Plant

Virginia’s gold and silver. -- John Rolfe, 1612

slide26

Early Colonial Tobacco

1618 — Virginia produces 20,000 pounds of tobacco.

1622 — Despite losing nearly one-third of its colonists in an Indian attack, Virginia produces 60,000 pounds of tobacco.

1627 — Virginia produces 500,000 pounds of tobacco.

1629 — Virginia produces 1,500,000 pounds of tobacco.

cash crop
Cash Crop
  • A product grown for profit.
slide28

Indentured Servants

  • Having to be someone’s servant in exchange for them paying for transportation across the Atlantic.
  • 1610-1614: only 1 in 10 outlived their indentured contracts!
slide29

VirginiaHouse of Burgesses (1619)

  • First assembly of elected representatives of English colonists in North America
slide30

The Settlement

of New England

slide32

The Mayflower

  • 1620  a group of 102 Pilgrims lands in Plymouth, Massachusetts
puritans
Puritans:
  • Members of the English Church, who thought it was not strict enough.
  • Came to America to ‘purify’ the church and make it better.
slide35

The Mayflower CompactNovember 11, 1620

Written and signed before the Pilgrims disembarked from the ship.

Sets up a direct democracy, where all men would vote and majority would rule.

new england town meetings1
New England Town Meetings
  •  Any citizen of the town may discuss issues with other members of the community and vote on them.
  • This is the strongest example of direct democracy in the United States today
fundamental orders of connecticut 1638
Fundamental orders of Connecticut 1638
  • The first written Constitution in the Western tradition
fundamental orders of connecticut 16381
Fundamental orders of Connecticut 1638
  • Outlines important individual rights
    • 1. Free men share in electing leaders
    • 2. Secret paper ballots
    • 3. Limits some powers of Government
albany plan
Albany Plan

The Albany Plan

  • 1754: Albany Congress – Led by Ben Franklin
  • 1st attempt unite the colonies.
  • FAILS
objectives1
Objectives
  • 1. List 2 ideas of the enlightenment.
  • 2. What examples of self-rule and democracy existed in the English colonies in North America prior to the American Revolution?
homework
Homework
  • Homework—Read Pgs 24-29—Answer ‘In Review’ questions 1, 2,3
1 salutary neglect
1. Salutary Neglect:
  • 1607-1763
  • British policy of avoiding strict enforcement of laws meant to keep the American colonies obedient to Great Britain.
  • For example……
slide48

18. PROCLAMATION OF 1763

  • Purpose:
  • 1. Establish GB\'s new North American empire
  • 2. Stabilize relations with Native Americans through regulation of trade, settlement, and land purchases on the western frontier.
  • 3. Forbade colonists of the thirteen colonies from settling or buying land west of the Appalachian Mountains.
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