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Domains. BacteriaEukarya Archae. Eubacteria. Archaebacteria. Animalia. Plantae. Protista. Fungi. Kingdoms. Archaebacteria Eubacteria Protista Fungi Plantae Animalia. These four kingdoms are believed to have evolved from the Archaebacteria. 6 Kingdoms.

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BacteriaEukarya Archae

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Bacteria eukarya archae

Domains

BacteriaEukarya Archae

Eubacteria

Archaebacteria

Animalia

Plantae

Protista

Fungi

Kingdoms


6 kingdoms

Archaebacteria

Eubacteria

Protista

Fungi

Plantae

Animalia

These four kingdoms

are believed to have

evolved from the

Archaebacteria.

6 Kingdoms

Formerly grouped as one kingdom known as the Monerans.


Bacteria eukarya archae

Cells

Prokaryote

Eukaryote

has membrane

bound organelles

does not have membrane

bound organelles


Types of nutrition

Types of Nutrition

  • Autotrophs: (able to make own food)

    1.) Photosynthetic -organism that uses energy from the sun to make its own food

    2.) Chemosynthetic -simple nonliving chemical nutrients such as H2S, sulfur, and iron are consumed and made into living tissue; makes its own food

  • Heterotrophs: (unable to make own food)

    1.) Ingestion: organism eats other organisms or their organic byproducts

    2.) Absorption: produces enzymes that break down food particles outside the body, then absorb the digested molecules


Eubacteria

Eubacteria

  • Cell wall contains peptidoglycan

  • Prokaryotes

  • Nutrition

    • Inorganic compounds

    • Photosynthesis

    • Heterotrophic (decomposers)

Autotrophic


Eubacteria1

Eubacteria

  • Asexual reproduction

  • Some are motile

  • Habitats: common environments-land, water and air, live in and on organisms

  • More than 5000 species

  • Act as decomposers and have symbiotic relationships with humans

  • Examples: Streptococcus, E. coli, Gonorrhea


Archaebacteria

Archaebacteria

Great Salt lake

  • Prokaryotes

  • Cell wall and membrane

    • Contains lipids

  • Autotrophs and heterotrophs

Ice

Hot geyser


Archaebacteria1

Archaebacteria

  • Nonmotile

  • Examples

    • Methanogens

    • Extremophiles

    • Nonextreme archaebacteria

Sulfurous lake

Oceanic thermal vents


Protista

Protista

  • Eukaryotes

  • Both unicellular and multicellular

  • Tissue level of organization

  • Some have a cell wall, some do not

  • Autotrophs and heterotrophs

  • Sexual and asexual reproduction

  • Motile and nonmotile

  • Habitat: freshwater and salt water, in and on organisms


Protista1

Protista

  • Examples:

    • Amoeba

    • Euglena


Protista2

Protista

  • Examples

    • Paramecium

    • Diatoms

    • Kelp

    • Algae

    • Slime molds

Diatom

Kelp

Photosynthetic Algae


Fungi

Fungi

  • Eukaryotes

  • Most grouped into tissues

  • Heterotrophs (absorption)

    • Saphrophytes

    • Parasites

  • Multicellular

    • Exception=yeast

  • Habitat-terrestrial

  • Most nonmotile

  • Sexual/asexual

Helicostylium

ZYGOMYCETE

Amanita

BASIDIOMYCETE


Fungi1

Fungi

  • Cell wall

    • Chitin

  • Hyphae-slender strands of fungi, usually grouped together

  • Ecological significance: decomposers

  • Symbiotic

    relationships

    • Mutualistic

    • Parasitic

Morel Cup Fungi Flask Fungi

ASCOMYCETES


Plantae

Plantae

  • Eukaryotes

  • Multicellular

  • Autotrophs (photosynthesis)

  • Cell wall that contains cellulose

  • Organized into tissues and organs

  • Sexual and asexual reproduction

  • Nonmotile

  • Habitat: mostly terrestrial


Plantae1

Plantae

  • Basis of the food chain

  • Examples: ferns, oak trees, moss, pine trees, grass, flowers


Animalia

Animalia

  • Eukaryotes

  • Multicellular

  • No cell wall

  • Heterotrophs

  • Organized into systems

  • Sexual and asexual reproduction

  • Motile

  • Habitat: land, water, air

  • Most diverse of all kingdoms in appearance


Animalia invertebrates

Animalia-Invertebrates

  • Sponges

    • No tissues but do have specialized cells

  • Cnidarians

    • Marine animals-jelly fish,

      coral, anemones


Animalia invertebrates1

Animalia-Invertebrates

  • Flatworms

    • Flat ribbonlike bodies

    • Parasitic and free living

    • Example: Tape worm

  • Roundworms

    • Nematodes

    • Some parasitic, some free living

    • Example: Earthworm


Animalia invertebrates2

Animalia-Invertebrates

  • Mollusks

    • Coelom (sac) that encloses

      organs

    • Many have a shell also

    • Examples: Snail, clam, squid

  • Arthropods

    • Have an exoskeleton

    • Have jointed appendages

    • 2/3 of all named species

    • Example: all insects


Animalia invertebrates3

Animalia-Invertebrates

  • Echinoderms

    • Have the ability to regenerate

    • Bottom dwelling marine animals

    • Have an exoskeleton

    • Examples: Starfish, sea urchins

  • Invertebrate Chordate

    • Aquatic animals

    • Larvae have a notochord

Halocyntyhia=“sea peach”


Animalia vertebrates

Animalia-Vertebrates

  • Notochord that will develp into a backbone (vertebral column)

  • Examples: mammals, fish, birds, reptiles, amphibians


Works cited

Works Cited

  • http://www.palaeos.com/Kingdoms/Prokaryotes/Eubacteria.htm

  • http://www.perspective.com/nature/fungi/

  • http://herbarium.usu.edu/fungi/FunFacts/mushrm_pics.htm

  • http://www2.truman.edu/~jherrera/Zygomycetes/Helicostylium/Helicostylium-4.html

  • http://webpages.charter.net/balplanman/_MicPix/Amoeba/AmoebaN2.JPG

  • http://megasun.bch.umontreal.ca/protists/gallery.html

  • http://midwales.com/images/bigfern/beech1.jpg

  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apple

  • http://www.sunandroses.com/http://cas.bellarmine.edu/tietjen/images/phylum_porifera.htm

  • http://www.cdislands.com/photos_honduras/roa4/xro11024.jpg

  • http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/platyhelminthes/platyhelminthes.html

  • http://www.junglewalk.com/photos/snail-pictures.htm

  • www.nationalgeographic.com

  • http://users.rcn.com/jkimball.ma.ultranet/BiologyPages/I/Invertebrates.html

  • http://fcit.usf.edu/florida/photos/animals/birds/flamin/flamin.htm

  • http://www.earthwindow.com/blue.html

  • http://www.frogsonice.com/froggy/images-5.shtml


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