Refining Web Search Techniques. Developing Self Regulatory Research Skills. CYBER LITERACY. Term for finding, scanning, digesting and storing internet information. Requires that individuals become critically attuned to “web world”.
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Refining Web Search Techniques
Developing Self Regulatory Research Skills
Students need to narrow the scope of research to stay focused on the search.
Cyber-litter = Non-functional Information Overload
Currently, there are more than 400 million indexable Web Pages currently existing
“Searching for desired information among this vast collection can be daunting, frustrating, mind-boggling, and sometimes a futile activity.” (Zane K. Quible)
Many students miss opportunities to refine their search queries to limit search domains and zero in on resources that have a higher match to their research needs.
A search connecting two words with and retrieves from its indexes only those websites that match both words
(some search engines allow + instead of and)
Or:A search connecting two words that contain either word(websites do not need to contain both words)
Not:Retrieves websites that do not contain the word that follows not(This could get rid of advertisements and sales in intellectual research)
Near:Retrieves internet sites where the word before and after near are located (depending on the site) within 4 words to 10 words of each other.
This is a good way to sift out useless hits and get better relevance to the top of your search results.
Some search engines allow “Constraining Key Word Searches” which means that the searcher can restrict searches to certain parts of the web :Ex. AltaVista allows retraining using anchor, applet, host, image, link, text, title, and url. Ex. Only IBM urls could be retrieved in the search.
Exact Phrase Searches:Some websites allow the use of quotation marks so that an exact phrase can be used. This will allow further sifting for a researcher.
Expert researchers used Data Bases for sources of information because they can guarantee quality resources and up to date information
For Students, data bases generally provide article length resources which are easy to manage.
Hint: many data bases use Keyword inventories developed by the Library of Congress: Knowing the right keywords can get you the best results. Our library has the Library of congress subject titles.
For those of you that are visual learners and find searching the web tiresome because of all the print-based information sifting: You may find the following search engine refreshing: It provides visual search results: