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Intelligent Energy for Europe 2009 Good practice in reconciling onshore and offshore wind energy with environmental objectives GPWIND PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Intelligent Energy for Europe 2009 Good practice in reconciling onshore and offshore wind energy with environmental objectives GPWIND. Issues highlighted by the European Commission . Inexperience of applying EU environmental directives in offshore environment = uncertainty = cost and delay

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Intelligent Energy for Europe 2009 Good practice in reconciling onshore and offshore wind energy with environmental objectives GPWIND

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Intelligent Energy for Europe 2009

Good practice in reconciling onshore and offshore wind energy with environmental objectives

GPWIND


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Issues highlighted by the European Commission

  • Inexperience of applying EU environmental directives in offshore environment = uncertainty = cost and delay

  • Lack of knowledge and information sharing on application of EU environmental legislation

  • Lack of data available on marine ecosystems and location of protected species and habitats

  • Uncertainty about suitability of sites = delays and disputes

  • Lack of awareness of information on impact of wind farms on species and habitats


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  • GPWIND will:

  • Address barriers to development of offshore and onshore wind generation

  • Reconcile renewable energy objectives with environmental objectives

  • Address active involvement of communities

  • Develop good practice guidance & ‘how to’ tool kit

  • Comparative case studies


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Issues it will address

  • Bird collision risk

  • Cumulative Impact Assessment

  • Noise

  • Pre and post construction monitoring

  • Peat slide risk assessment

  • Community engagement

  • Marine mammal protection

  • Land and habitat management

  • Information dissemination


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Intended outcomes

  • Demonstrate and disseminate good practice across EU

  • Develop a common methodology

  • User friendly good practice guide

  • ‘How to toolkit’ to facilitate dissemination of good practice at local level

  • Focus on problem solving and practical experience

  • Valuable tool for policy makers, developers, administrative authorities, communities and environmental bodies


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  • Partners

  • At least 3 EU MS

  • Government, NGOs, industry

  • Firm partners from Belgium, Malta, Greece, Ireland, Spain

  • Others involved: RSPB, SNH, DECC, WWF Scotland, JNCC

  • Looking for more!


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Western Isles study

  • After the refusal of consent for the Lewis wind farm

  • SG commissioned independent study into potential for economic community benefits on the islands in harmony with conservation objectives and obligations

  • Involvement and joint working of key stakeholders and ongoing commitment to work together = essential to realising actions emerging from the study

  • Key environmental and economic stakeholders: SNH, SEPA, Western Isles Council, HIE, Scottish Government


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Background:

  • Western Isles is dependant on imported fossil fuels = fuel poverty for many inhabitants

  • Western Isles has huge potential for electricity generation from wind and marine

  • BUT the islands have the most extensive coverage of environmental designations of any region in Scotland

  • Therefore there’s a constraint on the nature and scale of permitted development

National Areas of Conservation

National Scenic Areas


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Findings

  • Renewables is the main economic driver

  • Onshore wind offers most opportunities short term

  • Marine playing increasing role longer term

  • Development of an Energy Innovation Zone – shared wind energy control centre including a wind energy testing site


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Black Law wind farm

  • Implemented the largest and most ambitious habitat management plan

  • Demonstrates that wind farm developments and environment can go hand in hand


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Habitat management plan

  • 1,440 hectares actively managed to create and improve conditions for wildlife.

  • Planting vegetation to improve conditions for birds and encourage species back to the area

  • Ambitious habitat restoration project:

    • - Restoration of an abandoned 150 hectare opencast mine and clearance of around 400 hectares of non-native forestry.

      • - Mine filled in and developed as wet grassland for breeding birds.


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Outcomes of habitat management plan

  • Habitat restoration plan = land scarred by opencast mining and commercial forestry is being reclaimed by nature a year after it began.

  • Increase in bird species

  • Vegetation monitoring = regeneration of typical upland vegetation

  • Cleared forestry areas restored to blanket bog and acid grassland


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