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Vowel Points. Dots, Dashes, and other Fun Marks. History of the Hebrew Language. South Semitic. Northeastern Semitic. Northwest Semitic. Arabic Ethiopian. Old Akkadian Babylonian Assyrian. Mari tablets Ugarit tablets Amarna letters. Canaanite. Aramaic. Silver Scroll Amulet.

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Presentation Transcript
dots dashes and other fun marks

Vowel Points

Dots, Dashes, and other Fun Marks

slide2

History of

the Hebrew Language

slide3

South

Semitic

Northeastern

Semitic

Northwest

Semitic

  • Arabic
  • Ethiopian
  • Old Akkadian
  • Babylonian
  • Assyrian
  • Mari tablets
  • Ugarit tablets
  • Amarna letters

Canaanite

Aramaic

slide4

Silver Scroll

Amulet

Gezer Calendar

Hezekiah Tunnel Inscription

hebrew developments
Hebrew Developments

Vowel markers added by Massortes

Qumran scrolls show evidence of other sorts of vowel markers

Massoretic text does not show evidence of attempts to iron out textual difficulties

fr gd s lvd th wrld tht h gv hs nly bgttn sn tht whvr blvs n hm shld nt prsh bt hv trnl lf
Fr Gd s lvd th wrld tht h gv hs ‘nly bgttn sn tht whvr blvs ‘n hm shld nt prsh bt hv ‘trnl lf
slide7

\'

“A” as in Father

Kamets

A

<

Pathah

;

_\'

“A” as in Hat

;

Seghol

e

“E” as in Met

E

“E” as in They

Tsere

.

I

“I” as in Machine

Hirek

A

u

O

Holem

“O” as in Roll

Shurek

“U” as in Put

U

W

Kibbuts

“U” as in True

slide8

Pathah

<

_\'

\'

;

;

Kamets

Seghol

e

.

A

Tsere

Holem

W

.

u

Kibbuts

Hirek

Shurek

slide10

%v,xo; - “Darkness”

Seghol

B Aramaic word for “cluster” (of grapes)

slide11

ba\'

Father

slide13

ha\'

Brother

slide14

vyai

Man

slide15

tyIB;

House

slide16

!Be

Son

slide17

rh;

Mountain

slide18

bAj

Good

slide19

~Ay

Day

slide20

lAq

Voice

slide21

~ve

Name

slide23
yr;f\'

Sarai

slide24
~Wxn"

Nahum

hmol v
hmol{v.

Solomon

tymil wv
tyMil;Wv

Shulamite

slide30
!yIq;

Cain

slide33
![;n"K.

Canaan

slide36
lb,B\'

Babylon

adgim
!ADgIm.

Megiddo

l iv wry
~l;iv\'Wry>

Jerusalem

der y
!Der>y:

Jordan

yhil a ar b tyviareb
~yhil{a/ ar\'B\' tyviareB.

God

He created

In Beginning

taew> ~yIm;V\'h; tae

and

the Heavens

`#r,a\'h;

the Earth

hf n yhil a rm ayow
hf,[]n: ~yhil{a/ rm,aYOw:

We will make

God

And He said

Wnmel.c;B. ~d\'a\'

In our image

man

WnteWmd>K\'\'

Like our likeness

n ybe tyvia hb yaew
^n>yBe tyvia\' hb\'yaew>

Between you

I will put

And enmity

!ybeW hV\'aih\' !ybeW

And

between

And

between

The woman

H[\'r>z: !ybeW ^[]r>z:

And

between

Your seed

Her seed

p wvy

bqo[]y:

aWh

^p.Wvy>

hT\'a;w> varo

he will

bruise your

and you

head

He

`bqe[\' WNp,WvT.

you will bruise

his

heel

whbow whto ht y h r a h w
Whbow" Whto ht\'y>h\' #r<a\'h\'w>

x:Wrw> ~Aht. ynEP.-l[; %v,xow>

ynEP.-l[; tp,x,r:m. ~yhil{a/

~yIM\'h;

raah ta yhil a ar y w
rAah\'-ta, ~yhil{a/ ar>Y:w:

~yhil{a/ lDEb.Y:w: bAj-yKi

%v,xoh; !ybeW rAah\' !yBe

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