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The Bill of Rights. Civil Liberties. Freedoms to think and act without government interference or fear of unfair legal treatment. The 1 st Amendment Protects…. Freedom of religion Freedom of speech Freedom of the press Freedom of assembly Freedom to petition the government.

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Civil liberties
Civil Liberties

  • Freedoms to think and act without government interference or fear of unfair legal treatment


The 1 st amendment protects
The 1st Amendment Protects…

  • Freedom of religion

  • Freedom of speech

  • Freedom of the press

  • Freedom of assembly

  • Freedom to petition the government


Freedom of religion
Freedom of Religion

  • Protects the freedom of Americans to practice their faith as they wish

  • Congress may not declare an official religion

  • Government may not favor one religion over another


Freedom of speech
Freedom of Speech

  • Protects the freedom of Americans to say what is on their minds, in public or private, without fear of punishment by the government

  • Includes the internet, TV and radio


Freedom of the press
Freedom of the Press

  • Protects the freedom of Americans to be exposed to a wide variety of viewpoints. It also ensures that the government cannot practice censorship


Censorship
Censorship

  • The banning of printed materials or films due to alarming or offensive ideas


Freedom to assemble
Freedom to Assemble

  • Protects the freedom of Americans to gather in groups for any reason as long as the assemblies are peaceful

  • Includes political parties and labor unions


Freedom to petition
Freedom to Petition

  • Protects the freedom of Americans to petition the government

  • Includes expressing complaints about community problems or suggestions for improvement


Petition
Petition

  • A formal request


Slander
Slander

  • spoken untruths that are harmful to someone’s reputation


Libel
Libel

  • written untruths that are harmful to someone’s reputation


4 th amendment
4th Amendment

  • protects Americans “against unreasonable searches and seizures”

  • Requires any government agent wanting to search your property would need a search warrant


Search warrant
Search Warrant

  • A court order allowing law enforcement officers to search a suspect’s home or business and take specific items as evidence

  • Issued by a judge


5 th amendment
5th Amendment

  • Protects the rights of people accused

    • Protects people from being put on trial for a serious federal crime without an indictment

    • Protects people from double jeopardy

    • Protects people from having to testify against themselves (the right to remain silent)

    • Guarantees people due process

    • Limits the government’s power of eminent domain


Indictment
Indictment

  • a formal charge by a group of citizens called agrand jury

  • is needed before a citizen can be put on trial for a serious federal crime


Grand jury
Grand Jury

  • a group of citizens that review evidence against the accused


Double jeopardy
Double Jeopardy

  • Putting someone on trial for a crime of which he or she was previously acquitted


Due process
Due Process

  • Following established legal procedures


Eminent domain
Eminent Domain

  • The right of the government to take private property (usually land) for public use


6 th amendment
6th Amendment

  • Requires that a person who has been accused of a crime be told the exact nature of the charges against them

  • The accused is entitled to have a lawyer

  • Guarantees a speedy trial

  • The accused must be given a trial by jury (unless they choose a trial by judge)


8 th amendment
8th Amendment

  • Gives the accused the choice to wait for their trial in jail, or to pay bail to remain free while they wait

  • Forbids excessive bail

  • Forbids “cruel and unusual punishment”

    • (Example: 20 years in prison for a parking ticket)


Bail

  • A sum of money used as a security deposit to ensure that an accused person returns for his or her trial


2 nd amendment
2nd Amendment

  • states rights to keep a well regulated militia

  • individuals to keep and bear arms


Militia
Militia

  • Small, local army made up of volunteer soldiers


7 th amendment
7th Amendment

  • gives citizens the right to have a jury trial in civil cases over $20 if they choose, though it is not required


Civil case
Civil Case

  • A lawsuit that involves a disagreement between people rather than a crime.


9 th amendment
9th Amendment

  • Citizens have other rights beyond those listed in the Constitution

  • The right to privacy is not mentioned in the Constitution


10 th amendment
10th Amendment

  • any powers the Constitution does not directly give to the national government are reserved for the states and the people

  • The United States government can only have the powers the people give to it


Bill of rights
Bill of Rights

  • First 10 amendments of the Constitution

  • Only protected the rights of white men


13 th amendment 1865
13th Amendment (1865)

  • officially outlawed slavery in the United States


Black codes
Black Codes

  • Laws passed by Southern states to limit the rights of African Americans


14 th amendment 1868
14th Amendment (1868)

  • defined a United States citizen as anyone “born or naturalized in the United States.”

  • required each state to allow its citizens “equal protection of the laws.”

  • used in recent years to protect the rights of people with disabilities as well as other groups who are sometimes not treated fairly.


15 th amendment 1870
15th Amendment (1870)

  • states that no state may take away a person’s voting rights on the basis of race, color or previous enslavement.

  • Meant to guarantee suffrage to African Americans

  • Only protected men


Suffrage
Suffrage

  • The right to vote


19 th amendment 1920
19th Amendment (1920)

  • protected the right of women to vote in all national and state elections.


Washington d c
Washington D.C.

  • not a state, but an area between Virginia and Maryland where the Federal government operates

  • D.C. stands for the District of Columbia


Poll taxes
Poll Taxes

  • A sum of money required of voters before they are permitted to cast a ballot

  • Poll taxes are now illegal


Discrimination
Discrimination

  • unfair treatment based on prejudice against a certain group


Jim crow laws
Jim Crow Laws

  • required African Americans and whites to be separated in most public places, such as schools


Segregation
Segregation

  • system of social separation of the races


Civil rights
Civil Rights

  • the rights of full citizenship and equality under the law


National association for the advancement of colored people naacp
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)

  • works through the courts to challenge laws and traditions that deny African Americans the rights given to them by the Constitution


Dr martin luther king jr
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. (NAACP)

  • Civil rights leader that organized boycotts, marches, and demonstrations to promote the civil rights movement

  • Believed in nonviolent resistance, or the peaceful protests of unfair laws


Freedom riders
Freedom Riders (NAACP)

  • White and African American’s who traveled on buses to protest segregation


Affirmative action
Affirmative Action (NAACP)

  • programs intended to make up for past discrimination by helping minority groups and women gain access to jobs and opportunities

  • Encouraged the hiring and promoting minorities and women


Racial profiling
Racial Profiling (NAACP)

  • singling out an individual as a suspect due to appearance of ethnicity


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