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ECOMM, San Sebastian, 13-15 May 2009 Evaluating increases in accessibility for people who are socially excluded. Roger Mackett, Kamal Achuthan and Helena Titheridge Centre for Transport Studies University College London. Evaluating increases in accessibility for groups in the community.

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ECOMM, San Sebastian, 13-15 May 2009Evaluating increases in accessibility for people who are socially excluded

Roger Mackett, Kamal Achuthan and Helena Titheridge

Centre for Transport Studies

University College London


Evaluating increases in accessibility for groups in the community
Evaluating increases in accessibility for groups in the community

This involves bringing together information on

  • The mobility capabilities of the members of the group

  • Their movement patterns or potential movement patterns

  • Potential improvements to the environment to increase accessibility

  • The cost of implementing the improvements

  • The numbers benefiting from the improvements

    These are brought together in AMELIA


The policy analysis tool
The policy analysis tool community

A

M

E

L

I

A


The policy analysis tool1
The policy analysis tool community

A

Methodology for

Enhancing

Life by

Increasing

Accessibility


Aunt sue
AUNT SUE community

  • Funded by EPSRC under the SUE programme;

  • Focus is on increasing social inclusion through improving accessibility etc;

  • Involves UCL, London Metropolitan University and Loughborough University;

  • Main elements:

    • Design of a policy analysis tool - AMELIA;

    • Development of improved transport designs and operations;

    • Evaluation in the testbed areas.


The elements of the policy analysis tool amelia
The elements of the policy analysis tool, AMELIA community

Policy objective

Benchmarks

Changes in the

number of socially

excluded people

meeting the

benchmarks

Policy actions to

achieve the

objective

Analysis of

the impact

of the actions

Data on the

population in a

socially-excluded

group

Data on the

local area (transport

networks, opportunities,

etc)


The procedure
The procedure community

Set the policy objective

Identify the relevant characteristics

AMELIA information system

Select a policy action

Guidance on values

Set the values for the policy action

Costs

Set up the data for testing the policy action

Run AMELIA

Set the benchmark

Examine the results


Guidance
Guidance community

Guidance is provided on:

  • Best practice in design

  • Personal characteristics that define why the person is excluded


Characteristics of the policy actions
Characteristics of the policy actions community

  • To date, 57 policy actions have been identified which can be examined using AMELIA

  • They have the following characteristics:

    • 10 types of social exclusion

    • 6 modes of travel

    • 14 types of policy action

    • 13 types of barriers that can be overcome





The case study
The case study community

  • Objective: to improve access within the city centre

  • The socially excluded group being considered: the population aged 65+ based on the Census of Population, 2001 (19231 people), disaggregated into categories according to walking ability using data from the Disability Survey of Great Britain.

  • The policy actions:

    • Providing dropped kerbs at existing crossings;

    • Providing crossings every 100 m;

    • Providing wider pavements;

    • Providing benches every 100 m.



The existing layout of community

benches, crossings

and footways in the

centre of St Albans.


The proposed layout communityof the new crossings, existing crossings with new dropped kerbs and the widened pavements.



Implementation of the case study
Implementation of the case study various walking capabilities

Assumptions:

  • Those living within 800 metres of the city centre walk there (or travel by wheelchair);

  • The rest arrive by bus or car, split into their relative use by people aged 65+ nationally;

  • Bus users are allocated to the bus stop within 400m of the city centre most appropriate for where they live; they are then assumed to walk or use a wheelchair;

  • Car users allocated to car parks within 400m of city centre in proportion to their capacity; they are then assumed to walk or use a wheelchair.





Phase 2 consept
Phase 2 - ConSEPT Town Hall by each mode

Consulting Socially Excluded People about Transport

Objectives:

  • To check that the assumptions in AMELIA are valid

  • To help develop AMELIA as a consultation tool

    Procedure

  • Identify four suitable types of socially excluded people

  • Set up a series of discussions with groups of them around AMELIA

  • Refine AMELIA


Conclusions
Conclusions Town Hall by each mode

  • It has been shown that AMELIA can calculate the mean cost per head of policy actions.

  • In this case, providing benches every 100 m seems to be the most cost effective policy action.

  • But, many assumptions have been made.

  • The largest difficulty is establishing ‘capabilities’.

  • Still lots of work to be done.


Further information
Further information Town Hall by each mode

Contact Professor Roger Mackett

  • E-mail: [email protected]

  • AUNT-SUE website: http://www.aunt-sue.info/.


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