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Overall Allied Strategy in Europe. Repel Axis forces in Africa Conquer Italy Liberate France Conquer Germany. Operation Overlord. Background:. Until 1944, following

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slide1

Overall Allied Strategy in Europe

  • Repel Axis forces in Africa
  • Conquer Italy
  • Liberate France
  • Conquer Germany
slide2

Operation Overlord

Background:

Until 1944, following

Operation Barbarossa (Hitler’s invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941), the USSR was the only Allied power fighting Nazi Germany on a regular basis.

slide3

We’re coming for you!

Ohhhhh…I’m soooo scared!

1941

slide9

Operation Overlord

Background:

After a lot of bickering, in late 1943 Churchill and FDR began plans to open a second front in the West and help relieve Stalin’s forces in the East.

slide10

Operation Overlord

The Plan:

U.S. General Dwight D. Eisenhower (“Ike”) was put in charge of organizing around a million combat troops and two million men involved in providing support services.

slide11

Background:

- Until 1944, following Operation Barbarossa (Hitler’s invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941), the Soviet Union was the only Allied power fighting Germany on a regular basis.

- After a lot of bickering, in late 1943 Churchill and FDR began plans to open a second front in the west and help relieve Soviet forces in the East.

- U.S. General Dwight D. Eisenhower (“Ike”) was put in charge of organizing around a million combat troops and two million men involved in providing support services.

slide12

Operation Overlord

The plan called for assaults on five different beaches along the French coast in the region known as Normandy.

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Operation Overlord

June 5th: Massive aerial bombardments began in order to cut off German communications and destroy bridges which would allow reinforcements to arrive.

B-17s

B-24 Liberators

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Operation Overlord

June 5th: Meanwhile, in Britain, preparations continued for the largest naval assault in history

3,000,000 men in 52 divisions

80,000 trucks; 10,000 tanks

60,000,000 C and K rations

5200 bombers, 5500 fighters

2400 transport planes from 163 airfields

1200 naval ships

2500 landing craft

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Operation Overlord

June 5th: 2,727 British, French, Canadian, and American ships sailed for Normandy

slide19

Operation Overlord

Approximately

50 mile

crossing

English Channel

slide20

The Plan:

- The plan called for assaults on five different beaches along the French coast in the region known as Normandy

- June 5th

- Massive aerial bombardments began in order to cut off German communications and destroy bridges which would allow reinforcements to arrive.

- 2,700 British, French, Canadian, and American ships sailed for Normandy

slide21

Operation Overlord

D-Day

June 6th: Three airborne divisions parachuted in behind the German lines:

The British 6th and American 82nd and 101st

slide22

Operation Overlord

June 6th: 156,000 troops landed along the French coast

slide23

Operation Overlord

June 6th: 156,000 troops landed along the French coast

slide24

Operation Overlord

June 6th: 156,000 troops landed along the French coast

slide25

Operation Overlord

June 6th: 156,000 troops landed along the French coast

slide26

Operation Overlord

June 6th: 156,000 troops landed along the French coast

slide27

Operation Overlord

June 6th: 156,000 troops landed along the French coast

slide28

Operation Overlord

June 6th: They immediately faced intense fire from the approximately 50,000 German troops behind Hitler’s fortified Atlantic Wall

slide29

Operation Overlord

June 6th: They immediately faced intense fire from the approximately 50,000 German troops behind Hitler’s fortified Atlantic Wall

◄ Machine Gun Nests

Mined Stakes ►

slide30

Operation Overlord

June 6th: They immediately faced intense fire from the approximately 50,000 German troops behind Hitler’s fortified Atlantic Wall

slide31

Operation Overlord

June 6th: They immediately faced intense fire from the approximately 50,000 German troops behind Hitler’s fortified Atlantic Wall

◄ Beach Anti-Tank Defenses

slide32

Operation Overlord

June 6th: They immediately faced intense fire from the approximately 50,000 German troops behind Hitler’s fortified Atlantic Wall

slide33

- June 6th-D-Day

- Three airborne divisions parachuted in behind the German lines:

- The British 6th Airborne and the American

82nd and 101st

- 156,000 troops land along the French coast

- They immediately faced intense fire from the approximately 50,000 German troops on the cliffs behind Hitler’s fortified Atlantic Wall

slide34

Operation Overlord

D-Day

All five beaches were secured by nightfall on June 6th at the cost of over 10,000 Allied soldiers

Omaha Beach Memorial

slide35

Operation Overlord

D-Day

All five beaches were secured by nightfall on June 6th at the cost of over 10,000 Allied soldiers

American military cemetery at Omaha Beach

slide36

Operation Overlord

D-Day

All five beaches were secured by nightfall on June 6th at the cost of over 10,000 Allied soldiers

American military cemetery at Omaha Beach

slide37

Operation Overlord

D-Day

Movie Time!

YAY!

slide38

Operation Overlord

June, July, early August, 1944

Allied troops fight through the hedgerow country of France making their way to Paris (Operation Cobra)

slide39

Operation Overlord

June, July, early August, 1944

Allied troops fight through the hedgerow country of France making their way to Paris (Operation Cobra)

slide40

Operation Overlord

June, July, early August, 1944

Allied troops fight through the hedgerow country of France making their way to Paris (Operation Cobra)

slide41

Operation Overlord

June, July, early August, 1944

Allied troops fight through the hedgerow country of France making their way to Paris (Operation Cobra)

slide42

Operation Overlord

June, July, early August, 1944

Allied troops fight through the hedgerow country of France making their way to Paris (Operation Cobra)

slide43

Operation Overlord

August 25th, 1944

Paris is liberated.

slide44

Operation Overlord

August 25th, 1944

Paris is liberated.

slide45

Operation Overlord

August 25th, 1944

Charles de Gaulle is installed as head of the provisional French government.

Viva France…

insert funny French laughter here…

slide46

Overall Allied Strategy in Europe

  • Repel Axis forces in Africa
  • Conquer Italy
  • Liberate France
  • Conquer Germany
slide47

The Outcome:

- All five beaches were secured by nightfall on June 6th at the cost of over 10,000 Allied soldiers

- June, July, early August, 1944: Allied troops fight through the Hedgerow Country of France making their way to Paris (Operation Cobra)

- August 25th, 1944: Paris is liberated; Charles de Gaulle is installed as head of the provisional French government

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