Killer Whale Calf Vocalization Development: Understanding Cultural Transmission Through Acoustics. By: Courtney Kneipp BeamReach Marine Science and Sustainability School Fall 2005 Hendrix College 06 Conway, AR. Introduction. Killer whale : endangered species
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Killer Whale Calf Vocalization Development:
Understanding Cultural Transmission Through Acoustics
By: Courtney Kneipp
BeamReach Marine Science and Sustainability School
Hendrix College 06
Vocalization Development Studies
Materials for Acoustic Observation:
- High impedance amplifier
- Marantz PMD660 recorder, used to record sound files
* digitizing rate of 44100
* 90- 150 dB
Materials for Visual Observation:
- Data Sheet
- Spotter with camera
* special thanks to my fellow crew mates!
*The Ishmael Journey: a series of unfortunate events
Data Analysis Procedure
Sonogram of an S19 call, depicting where I measured the fundamental frequency of the tone.
Sonogram of an S1 call, depicting how I measured the call duration. Black lines indicate start and end points of my measurement.
My S19 fundamental frequencies shown varying around Ford’s(1990) S19 average fundamental frequency for the beginning of the tone. Yellow line depicts my S19’s average in comparison to Ford’s average, in red.
My measured S1 fundamental frequencies compared to Ford’s average fundamental frequency for an adult S1 call.
S1 Call Duration
Call duration of my S1’s compared to average call duration of Ford’s S1’s.
Good news for Ishmael!
Ishmael located call at 173 and 187 degrees.
* interesting: L-pod calve making a J/K-pod call?
I dedicate this experience to CoachEd, my grandfather,
who lived a life of Patience,