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Purposes for Using PowerPoint. Why use PowerPoint? Recent study: Students place high value on PowerPoint in areas of learning and motivation (Tang & Austin) Does our use of technology in the classroom promote student learning? When is PowerPoint unnecessary?.

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Purposes for using powerpoint
Purposes for Using PowerPoint

  • Why use PowerPoint?

    • Recent study: Students place high value on PowerPoint in areas of learning and motivation (Tang & Austin)

  • Does our use of technology in the classroom promote student learning?

  • When is PowerPoint unnecessary?


Effective powerpoint presentations
Effective PowerPoint Presentations

  • What makes a PowerPoint presentation effective from a design standpoint?

  • What are characteristics of ineffectively designed PowerPoint presentations?


Why is design important
Why is Design Important?

  • Enhances the effectiveness of your presentations

  • Helps communicate your main points


Best practices for ppt design
Best Practices for PPT Design

  • Simplicity

  • Readability

  • Interactivity


Simplicity information overload
Simplicity: Information Overload

  • Notes function vs information overload on screen

  • Studies have shown “More is not better” in terms of using technology to teach

  • Avoid Information Overload

    • PowerPoint expert Cliff Atkinson, author of Beyond Bullet Points says, "When you overload your audience, you shut down the dialogue that's an important part of decision-making."

    • He points to research by educational psychologists: "When you remove interesting but irrelevant words and pictures from a screen, you can increase the audience's ability to remember the information by 189% and the ability to apply the information by 109%.”


Simplicity information overload1
Simplicity: Information Overload

  • Notes function vs information overload on screen

  • “More is not better” in using technology to teach


Simplicity information overload2
Simplicity: Information Overload

  • PowerPoint expert Cliff Atkinson, author of Beyond Bullet Points:

    "When you overload your audience, you shut down the dialogue that's an important part of decision-making."


Simplicity information overload3
Simplicity: Information Overload

  • Atkinson:

    "When you remove interesting but irrelevant words and pictures from a screen, you can increase the audience's ability to remember the information by 189% and the ability to apply the information by 109%.”


Simplicity less is more
Simplicity: Less is More

  • Keep words at a minimum

    • 6 x 6 guideline

      • 6 points per slide

      • 6 words per point

  • Keep slides at a minimum

    • 3 slides per minute max


Simplicity less is more1
Simplicity: Less is More

  • Keep fonts simple

    • 2 max per page, including variations on a single font

    • portability of fonts & substitutions


Simplicity less is more2
Simplicity: Less is More

  • White space is your friend

  • Avoid pictures or graphics in background

  • Avoid brightly colored backgrounds


Simplicity skip the tricks
Simplicity: Skip the Tricks

  • Minimize or avoid animated texts, sounds, and fancy transitions 

  • Can be effective in certain situations, but often distract your audience from your main points


Simplicity graphics
Simplicity: Graphics

  • Word art: When words become art, and when that’s not necessarily a good thing

WordArt

Not always Your Friend


Simplicity graphics1
Simplicity: Graphics

  • Options for creating graphics, charts, and diagrams:

    • “Smart Art” in PowerPoint


Simplicity graphics2
Simplicity: Graphics


Simplicity graphics3
Simplicity: Graphics

  • http://sxc.hu/

  • site for illustrations & photos


Readability: Basic Design Theory

  • Contrast

  • Repetition

  • Alignment

  • Proximity

Also known to graphic designers as “CRAP” or “PARC” Principles


Readability contrast
Readability: Contrast

  • Strong contrast adds “visual interest” and keeps your students’ attention

  • Makes content more attractive

  • Highlights the most important concepts

  • Difference implies importance


Readability contrast1
Readability: Contrast

  • Strong contrast adds “visual interest” and keeps your students’ attention

  • Makes content more attractive

  • Highlights the most important concepts

  • Difference implies importance


Readability contrast2
Readability: Contrast

  • Using colors to create contrast

    • Black text on white background

    • White text on black background


Readability repetition
Readability: Repetition

  • Repetition involves repeating design concepts on each page

  • Creates unity and consistency

  • Readers take cognitive clues from consistency in design


Readability repetition1
Readability: Repetition

  • Professional design practice: branding

  • Templates

    • In PowerPoint

    • Five sample templates on HWI site branded for Farmer School of Business


Readability alignment
Readability: Alignment

  • Nothing should be placed on a page arbitrarily

  • Every element should have some visual connection with another element on the page

  • Creates a clean, fresh, sophisticated look


Readability alignment1
Readability: Alignment

  • Nothing should be placed on a page arbitrarily

• Every element should have some visual connection with another element on the page

Creates a clean, fresh, sophisticated look


Readability alignment2
Readability: Alignment

  • Ideally every object (graphics, photos, or text) should be aligned with other objects

  • Includes vertical and horizontal alignment


Readability alignment3
Readability: Alignment

Horizontal alignment

  • Ideally every object (graphics, photos, or text) should be aligned with other objects

  • Includes vertical and horizontal alignment

Vertical alignment


Readability proximity
Readability: Proximity

  • Group similar items together

    • Similar to paragraphing in writing

  • Helps readers organize information

  • Using bullets and templates to achieve “proximity” in design


Readability type size
Readability: Type Size

  • Make sure your fonts are legible and large enough

  • “Floor test" for readability


Readability type size1
Readability: Type Size

  • Preview your presentation in the classroom

  • Should be able to read the slides from the back of the room


Readability type style
Readability: Type Style

  • Avoid all caps

  • serif vs. sans serif


Readability focal point
Readability: Focal Point

  • Related to contrast and white space

  • Use design consciously to create and emphasize your message


Readability focal point1
Readability: Focal Point

  • Images

  • Eyes move from top to bottom, left to right

  • Logos usually at lower right


Interactivity student learning
Interactivity: Student Learning

  • Inquiry-based learning

  • Interactive PowerPoint: An oxymoron?

  • Ideas for interactivity

    • Pose questions

    • Fill in responses

    • Have students take notes responding to questions on PPT

    • Post notes to Bb site

  • Other ideas to make PPT more interactive?


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