Day 141 the stormy 60 s
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Day 141: The Stormy 60’s. Baltimore Polytechnic Institute April 16, 2012 A Course U.S. History Mr. Green. Reading Check. 1. This Republican lost to John F. Kennedy in the 1960 Presidential Election.

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Day 141 the stormy 60 s

Day 141: The Stormy 60’s

Baltimore Polytechnic Institute

April 16, 2012

A Course U.S. History

Mr. Green


Reading check

Reading Check

1. This Republican lost to John F. Kennedy in the 1960 Presidential Election.

2. This Presidential action failed in April 1961 and resulted in JFK appearing weak and indecisive.

3. This leader of the Soviet Union in the early 1960s was able to manipulate JFK on2 separate occasions.

4. This was built in August 1961 to prevent a loss of population and also demonstrated the iron curtain that Churchill spoke about after WWII.

5. Kennedy was able to avert nuclear disaster in October 1962 during this event.


Objective

Objective

The students will be able to analyze to what extent the federal government should provide benefits to the indigent by summarizing the views of writers on poverty


The stormy 60s

The Stormy 60s

Objectives:

Indicate how America reacted to Pearl Harbor and prepared to wage war against both Germany and Japan.

Describe the mobilization of the American economy for war and the mobilization of manpower and womanpower for both the military and wartime production.

Describe the war’s effects on American society, including regional migration, race relations, and women’s roles.

Explain the early Japanese successes in East Asia and the Pacific, and the American strategy for countering them.

AP Focus

Early in the war, Germany, Japan, and Italy have considerable military success. The Allies, except for France, which had surrendered in 1940, are fortunate not to be overwhelmed completely.

Fearing that they will be disloyal, President Roosevelt orders the detention of Japanese Americans, a serious violation of basic American civil rights.


Chapter focus

Chapter Focus

Chapter Themes

Unified by Pearl Harbor, America effectively carried out a war mobilization effort that produced vast social and economic changes within American society.

Following its “get Hitler first” strategy, the United States and its Allies invaded and liberated conquered Europe from Fascist rule. The slower strategy of island-hopping against Japan also proceeded successfully until the atomic bomb brought a sudden end to World War II.


Warm up

Warm-up

Describe LBJ’s War on Poverty.

What is the difference between Medicaid and Medicare?

What impact did the War on Poverty have on the United States?


Day 141 the stormy 60 s

November 22, 1963-JFK assassinated

Civil Rights Act of 1964

banned racial discrimination in most private facilities open to the public

Title VII-empowered the EEOC

Affirmative Action-executive order in 1965

Great Society-War on Poverty

meant to transform American way of life

education, medical care for elderly/indigent, immigration reform, voting rights bill

Medicare-April 1965

Medicaid-April 1965

DOT

HUD-Robert C. Weaver


Day 141 the stormy 60 s

Immigration and Nationality Act

abolished the “national origins” quota since 1921

doubled the number annually and limited immigrants from the Western Hemisphere

family unification provision

Head Start

education for underprivileged youth


Presidential election of 1964

Presidential Election of 1964

Democrats nominate Lyndon B. Johnson

won a Senate seat in 1948 by 87 votes

Republicans nominate Barry Goldwater

486-52 Electoral vote

43,129,566 to 27,178,188 popular vote

Conservatism versus Liberalism

August 1964-U.S. Navy cooperating with South Vietnam gunboats in provocative raids along the coast of North Vietnam

Irony: LBJ painted Goldwater as a trigger-happy cowboy who would lead us into a nuclear war.


Independent group work

Independent Group Work

In groups of 2, you will read your assigned document(s)

If you are a 1, you will read the first selection

If you are a 2, you will read the second and third selection

In your group of 2, you will discuss the following questions and note your conversation on paper to be submitted at the end of class

1. What is the purpose for writing this document

2. Does the author support the war on poverty? How do you know? What evidence does the author cite?

3. Is it the role of the government to provide healthcare, early education, and other benefits to those in need? Why?


Civil rights movement

Civil Rights Movement

In Mississippi

largest African-American minority population of any state, 5% of eligible African-Americans were registered

Law required names of prospective black registrants to be published for 2 weeks in local newspapers

Freedom Summer of 1964

June 1964-James Chaney, Andrew Goodman, Michael Schwerner killed and buried beneath an earthern dam

FBI investigated and no one was convicted at the state level, only violations of civil rights

Integrated Mississippi Freedom Democratic party denied seats at the National Democratic convention


Day 141 the stormy 60 s

In Alabama

African-Americans made up 50% of population, but only 1% of the voters

2 deaths occurred during a peaceful march to Montgomery, the state capital

LBJ said, “and we shall overcome”

Voting Rights Act of 1965

outlawed literacy tests, sent federal voter registrars into southern states

passed 100 years after the end of the Civil War


Black power

Black Power

Voting Rights Act symbolized the end of the non-violent demonstrations led by MLK

Watts riot erupted 5 days after the VRA signed into law

Blacks cited police brutality as the spark

burned and looted their own neighborhoods for a week

31 African-Americans dead, 3 Caucasians

Militant confrontation

Opposition to MLK’s approach

Malcolm X(Malcolm Little)

“blue-eyed white devils”

Elijah Muhammed-separatist preaching’s

assassinated in early 1965 in NYC


Day 141 the stormy 60 s

Black Panther party

guns and butter in Oakland, CA

Stokely Carmichael-former leader of SNCC

Black Power-”will smash everything Western civilization has created”

Riots

Newark, NJ 1967-25 dead

Detroit, MI 1967-43 dead

White Americans threatened retaliation

Northern riots difficult to understand

Focus on economic demands now, instead of civil rights

MLK assassinated on April 4, 1968 in Memphis, TN by James Earl Ray

125 cities experienced riots including D.C. and Baltimore

Black mayors in Gary, IN and Cleveland, OH by the late 1960’s


Combating communism in 2 hemispheres

Combating communism in 2 Hemispheres

Dominican Republic (April 1965)

target of a Castro-like coup by “Communist conspirators”

dispatched American troops

Vietcong attacked American air base at Pleiku, S. Vietnam in February 1965

March 1965-”Operation Rolling Thunder”

184,000 troops by the end of 1965

Corrupt and collapsing Saigon governments

U.S. commitment, treaty pledges to resist communist expansion

500,000 troops by 1968


Vietnam vexations

Vietnam Vexations

Many countries expelled American Peace Corps volunteers

Charles de Gaulle withdrew from NATO in 1966

wanted all American troops out of France

Israel attacked by Egypt, Jordan and Syria

Israel won the 6-day war June 1967

Sinai Peninsula, Golan Heights, Gaza Strip and the West Bank

William Fulbright lead hearings on Vietnam

“credibility gap”

aim of the war

cabinet members pushed out

LBJ utilized the CIA to spy on domestic antiwar activists

encouraged the FBI as well


Vietnam topples johnson

Vietnam Topples Johnson

Tet Offensive-late January 1968

Opposition grew

LBJ suffering through agony

Military requested 200,000 more troops

Eugene McCarthy won 41.4% in the New Hampshire March primary, second to LBJ

RFK entered the 1968 race

March 31, 1968-LBJ would not run, freeze troop levels, and scale back the bombing


1968 election

1968 Election

RFK assassinated on June 5, 1968

Chicago Riots at the Democratic convention in August of 1968

Hubert H. Humphrey won the nomination for the Democrats

Republicans nominate Richard M. Nixon

MD governor Spiro T. Agnew

3rd party-American Independent Party

George Wallace of AL

Curtis LeMay-former Air force general

bombing them back to the Stone Age

301 for Nixon-31,785,480

191 for Humphrey-31,275,166

46 for Wallace-9,906,473


Class discussion

Class Discussion

1. Begin 1960’s chart

2.


Homework

Homework

Read Chapter 38

Prepare for 5 question reading check on Wednesday


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