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Industrial/Business Carbon Footprint. AAFA Environmental Committee Meeting. Geir Volls æ ter - Special Advisor Climate Change and Carbon Management Group Alston & Bird LLP. Alston & Bird.

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industrial business carbon footprint

Industrial/Business Carbon Footprint

AAFA Environmental Committee Meeting

Geir Vollsæter - Special Advisor

Climate Change and Carbon Management Group

Alston & Bird LLP

alston bird
Alston & Bird
  • A&B has a strong carbon management practice that specializes in CO2 management from source to final product within oil, gas, electricity and consumer products
  • A&B initiated the North American Carbon Capture and Storage Association (NACCSA)
  • A&B is retained by Edison Electrical Institute for CCS work
  • A&B has major global firms as clients for CO2 mitigation, renewables, clean technologies, advocacy and strategy
energy growth prosperity

400

Global Trend

350

EU-15

North America

300

Korea 1970-2000

Malaysia 1970-2000

250

China 1970-2000

Energy Use, GJ per capita

200

150

100

50

0

$0

$5 000

$10 000

$15 000

$20 000

$25 000

$30 000

$35 000

$40 000

GDP per capita, US$ 1995 ppp

Energy = Growth = Prosperity

WBCSD

Source – WBSCD

slide4

Growth, development and energy demand

  • Global population divided into income groups;
  • Poorest (GDP < $1,500)
  • Developing (GDP < $5,000)
  • Emerging (GDP < $12,000)
  • Developed (GDP > $12,000)

Primary energy

Developed (GDP>$12,000)

Emerging (GDP<$12,000)

Developing (GDP<$5,000)

Poorest (GDP<$1,500)

10000

Population expected to rise to 9 billion by 2050, mainly in poorest and developing countries.

8000

6000

Shifting the development profile to a “low poverty” world means energy needs double by 2050

Population, millions

4000

2000

Shifting the development profile further to a “developed” world means energy needs triple by 2050

0

2000

2050 (Base)

2050

2050

Source – WBSCD

Low Poverty

Developed

World

increased upstream co2 intensity
Increased upstream CO2 intensity
  • CO2 emission per bbl o.e produced on the rise
  • “Low hanging fruit” light oil in decline
  • Heavy oil on the rise
  • CO2 intensive unconventional oil in rapid development
  • Some say easy oil is over, more likely, easy oil is over for some, mostly international oil companies, driving some oil and gas companies to pursue unconventionals
growth environment and globalization
Growth, Environment and Globalization
  • Globalization drives growth, employment, revenues, cheaper goods but,
    • Has lead to significant environmental dumping
    • Has made assurance of product quality and environmental impact difficult due to long value chains
  • But increasingly, emissions = liability
    • CO2 intensity in industrial sectors and products is under evaluation by investors and governments
co2 intensity benchmarks
CO2 Intensity Benchmarks
  • CO2 intensity standards – benchmarks
    • CO2 intensity standard = 1 Gallon fuel, 1 ton steel, cement, fertilizer = X kg CO2
    • CO2 measured from well and mine to tank (WTT), Kwh’s etc
    • California adopted, through AB 32 and LCFS, a WTT regime as a foundation for its CO2 reduction regime that governs both fuel and power.
    • New categories of consumer products will see similar regulations, benchmarks and liabilities.
carbon disclosure
Carbon Disclosure
  • Voluntary/mandatory reporting for facilities and products
  • Third party verification, voluntary and mandatory
  • Many pension funds, institutional investors and banks now demand/strongly advice their potential prospects to disclose the CO2 intensity of the portfolio
  • $ 57 trillion (before the credit crisis) stand behind the Carbon Disclosure Project that yearly benchmarks global industries on CO2 intensity and strategies to reduce the carbon footprint for their products
shoes

CO2 intensity in shoes and costs given 50 $ / ton CO2

200

150

100

50

0

Flip flops

Regular shoes

Hiking boots

30

90

175

lb CO2

0.75

2.25

4.375

$ additional cost

Shoes
  • “Timberland Co. shoe company with an outdoorsy image, has assessed the carbon footprint of about 40 of the shoe models it currently sells. The results range from about 22 pounds to 220 pounds per pair.” (WSJ)
  • For shoes, transportation account for about 5 % of the total emissions

Source: WSJ Oct 6th

consumer products benchmarked
Consumer products - Benchmarked
  • Increasingly, companies now undertake studies of the CO2 intensity of their products, for good reasons.
summary
Summary
  • Global energy consumption and CO2 intensity is increasing
  • Global benchmarking of industrial production ongoing
  • Investor community treats CO2 as a risk to portfolio
  • Lower unit CO2 intensity = increased global competitiveness when CO2 has a price
  • CO2 intensity will increasingly impact consumer preference and increasingly impact the bottom line
thanks

Thanks

Geir Vollsæter

[email protected]

Special Advisor

Climate Change and Carbon Management Group

Alston & Bird LLP

The Atlantic Building 950 F Street, NWWashington, DC 20004-1404USA

Phone: 202-756-3300

Fax: 202-756-3333

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